Constituições do Arcebispado de Braga.: BRAGA].

Constituições do Arcebispado de Braga.

BRAGA].

Published by Lisbon, Germão Galharde, 1538., 1538
Hardcover
From Richard C. Ramer Old and Rare Books (New York, NY, U.S.A.)

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Folio (28.1 x 20.5 cm), late nineteenth-century brown morocco by Emile Rousselle, spine richly gilt with raised bands in six compartments, gilt fillets on bands, gilt title in second compartment from head, gilt place and date at foot, covers with triple ruled border in gilt, double gilt fillets on outer edges of covers, inner dentelles gilt, binder's name stamped in gilt in lower portion of inside front cover, marbled endleaves, all text block edges gilt. A beautiful specimen of printing, with woodcut title page (royal arms within an elaborate architectural border) and initials. Gothic letter. Overall in fine condition. (10), 84 ll. *** FIRST EDITION of the rules promulgated by D. Henrique for the Archbishopric of Braga. D. Henrique (b. 1512), son of King Manuel and brother of D. João III, was a highly educated man: he studied under Clenardus and Pedro Nunes, among others. At the age of 14 he took orders, and by papal bull of 30 April 1533 was named administrator of the Archbishopric of Braga, to become archbishop when he reached age 27. During the two years he served at Braga, D. Henrique traveled extensively in the territory, made improvements to the city of Braga, opened schools, and summoned two noted humanists, Johannes Vaseus and Nicolaus Clenardus, to teach at Braga. Later D. Henrique was named archbishop of Évora, archbishop of Lisbon and, in 1546, cardinal. He was inquisitor general for 40 years (1539-80), regent (1562-68), and after the death of D. Sebastião at Alcácer Quibir became king (1578-80).By the sixteenth century, Braga had long been one of Portugal's most important cities. It was head of one of the three Galician districts under the Romans, and by the time of the first Council of Toledo (433) had a bishop. It seems to have been granted metropolitan status ca. 433, although this was lost during the Moorish occupation. Braga's struggle against Toledo and Compostela for primacy of the Peninsula was closely paralleled and intertwined with Portugal's struggle for political autonomy during the twelfth century. Throughout medieval times, Braga exercised primacy within the political bounds of Portugal, and even over some Spanish bishoprics in Galicia.These Constituições are the first constitutions of Braga to have been printed in Portugal, and apparently the first ever to have been printed. The set of constitutions that King Manuel thought had been published in Salamanca, ca. 1512 was actually the Breviarium bracarense first published at D. Diego de Sousa's order in Braga, 1494 (see Haebler, Early Printers of Spain & Portugal p. 89), and published again in Salamanca on D. Diego's order, by agreement with Joannis de Porris, in 1511 and 1512. The same printer did a Missale secundum ritum . bracharensis ecclesie in Salamanca, 1512. (On the Breviarium and Missale, see Cuesta Gutierrez, La Imprenta en Salamanca, pp. 127, 129, 130; and Palau 35638.) The Constituições published in 1538 are the result of a synod convoked by D. Henrique on 10 September 1537. The assembled clergy examined not only the ancient constitutions of Braga, but also those of Lisbon and Évora, "por serem mais conformes e convenientes aos costumes e tempo."*** Anselmo 615. King Manuel 37. Lisbon, Biblioteca Nacional, Catálogo dos impressos de tipografia portuguesa do século XVI, 94. Barbosa Machado II, 440. Innocêncio II, 99; IX (supplement), 87. Pinto de Mattos (1970) p. 170. Sousa Viterbo p. 128. Gusmão, Livros impressos no século XVI existentes na Biblioteca Pública e Arquivo Distrital de Évora, I, Tipografia portuguesa 278. Palha 335. Not in Adams, which lists only one earlier Lisbon imprint, and nothing by this printer. Not in Lisbon, Academia das Ciências, Livros quinhentistas portugueses. Porbase locates four copies in the Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal (one without the title page, another with a leaf badly torn). NUC: MH (the Palha copy). Bookseller Inventory # 20535

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Bibliographic Details

Title: Constituições do Arcebispado de Braga.

Publisher: Lisbon, Germão Galharde, 1538.

Publication Date: 1538

Binding: Hardcover

Edition: 1st Edition

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