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The Cromwellian Settlement of Ireland

Prendergast, John P. (John Patrick)

Published by Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts & Green, London, 1865
Condition: Fair Hardcover
From Ground Zero Books, Ltd. (Silver Spring, MD, U.S.A.)

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About this Item

23 cm, lxxiv, 304 pages. Footnotes. Tables. Maps (with some color, including a large folding map at front and other folding map in the text). No map at page 196 but there is a map facing the title page. Index of subjects. Index of names. Highlighting/underlining, and some pencil marks noted. Boards soiled & worn w/ tears at top & bottom of spine, stamp on flyleaf, boards weak. Stamp "Presented by the Publisher" on title page, some browning and foxing to text. Extremely difficult book to find in any condition. Rare 4-page pamphlet by Pendergast entitled "Catalogue of Manuscripts, Books, and Maps." laid in. John Patrick Prendergast (1808-1893) was an Irish land agent and historian. He graduated at Trinity College, Dublin, in 1825, and was called to the Irish bar in 1830. In 1836 Prendergast succeeded his father and grandfather in the agency of Lord Clifden's estates, which he administered for many years. His experiences made him an advocate of tenant right and a supporter of the early land reformers in Ireland. In 1840 Prendergast was commissioned to make some pedigree researches in County Tipperary, which led him to a study of the settlement of Ireland at the restoration of Charles II, and also of the Cromwellian settlement. His researches culminated in The History of the Cromwellian Settlement of Ireland. Cromwell imposed an extremely harsh settlement on the Irish Catholic population. This was because of his deep religious antipathy to the Catholic religion and to punish Irish Catholics for the rebellion of 1641, in particular the massacres of Protestant settlers in Ulster. Also he needed to raise money to pay off his army and to repay the London merchants who had subsidized the war under the Adventurers Act back in 1640. Anyone implicated in the rebellion of 1641 was executed. Those who participated in Confederate Ireland had all their land confiscated and thousands were transported to the West Indies as indentured laborers. Those Catholic landowners who had not taken part in the wars still had their land confiscated, although they were entitled to claim land in Connacht as compensation. In addition, no Catholics were allowed to live in towns. Irish soldiers who had fought in the Confederate and Royalist armies left the country in large numbers to find service in the armies of France and Spain-William Petty estimated their number at 54,000 men. The practice of Catholicism was banned and bounties were offered for the capture of priests, who were executed when found. The Long Parliament had passed the Adventurers Act in 1640 (the act received royal assent in 1642), under which those who lent money to Parliament for the subjugation of Ireland would be paid in confiscated land in Ireland. In addition, Parliamentarian soldiers who served in Ireland were entitled to an allotment of confiscated land there, in lieu of their wages, which the Parliament was unable to pay in full. As a result, many thousands of New Model Army veterans were settled in Ireland. Moreover, the pre-war Protestant settlers greatly increased their ownership of land (see also: The Cromwellian Plantation). Before the wars, Irish Catholics had owned 60% of the land in Ireland, whereas by the time of the English Restoration, when compensations had been made to Catholic Royalists, they owned only 20% of it. During the Commonwealth period, Catholic landownership had fallen to 8%. Even after the Restoration of 1660, Catholics were barred from all public office, but not from the Irish Parliament. Bookseller Inventory # 20080

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Bibliographic Details

Title: The Cromwellian Settlement of Ireland

Publisher: Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts & Green, London

Publication Date: 1865

Binding: Hardcover

Book Condition: Fair

Edition: Presumed First Edition. First Printing.

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