Title: Defensio Regia pro Carolo I
Publisher: [B. & A. Elzevir] 
Publication Date: 1649
Book Condition: Very Good
Salamasius’ ‘Defensio Regia pro Carolo I’, which supported divine origin of kingship and the rule of Charles I of England, anonymously printed in 1649. Reprinted Sumptibus Regiis 1650. 12mo (125 x 75mm). 472pp. Later vellum, edges stained blue; only lightly rubbed, lacking ties. Armorial bookplate of Franciscus Antonius Comes de Stürgkh, 18th-century Austrian Graf, to front pastedown, period inscription on front flyleaf. Defensio Regia pro Carolo I ("Defense of the Reign of Charles I"), which was published anonymously in November 1649, was probably sponsored by Charles II, who is thought to have paid a hundred pounds for its printing. The work called for European rulers to unite against the new English republic and place Prince Charles on the throne. This work represents a reversal of Salmasius’ earlier views since it supported the divine origin of kingship, defended the powers of a king and blamed the attacks of the Revolution on the English people. Salmasius studied at Paris (1604-06) and at Heidelberg (1606-09). During his years at Heidelberg he discovered the Palatine manuscript of the Greek Anthology. In 1610 his commentary on Solinus’ Polyhistor was published. His enormous learning, especially in ancient languages- he was fluent in Hebrew, Arabic, Syriac, Persian, and Coptic, as well as Greek and Latin- led to offers from several universities. In 1631 he became professor at Leiden and stayed there for the remainder of his life, except for one year (1650-51) at the Swedish court, where he was a guest due to the fame his Defensio Regia pro Carolo I had brought him. He returned to Leiden soon after the publication of Milton’s reply, Pro Populo Anglicano Defensio in 1651. Bookseller Inventory # KK6902
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