Dictionnaire Universel, Contenant generalement tous les Mots Francois tant vieux que modernes, &...

Dictionnaire Universel, Contenant generalement tous les Mots Francois tant vieux que modernes, & les Termes des Sciences et des Arts. . .

FURETIERE, Antoine (1619-1688); Pierre BAYLE (1647-1706); Henri BASNAGE DE BEAUVAL (1657-1710).

Published by Arnoud et Reinier Leers, 1701., La Hague & Rotterdam:, 1701
Hardcover
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3 vols. 4to. [xx] pp., A-LLLlll3, [LLLlll3-LLLlll4] ff.; [vi] pp., A-RRRrrr, [RRRrrr-RRRrrr2] ff.; [iv] pp., A-XXXxxx3, [XXXxxx3-XXXxxx4] ff. Vol. I frontispiece portrait of Furetiere engraved by "G.E." "CPR" (Cum Privilegio Regis), engraved title-page device and tail-piece all vols. Contemporary gilt-stamped calf, 6 raised bands; hinges cracked, extremities rubbed, binding still firm and attractive. Theological Institute of Connecticut blind-stamps to first and last few pages. SCARCE. Very good. Second edition, revised by Henri Basnage de Beauval, of Furetiere's controversial complete scientific and technological dictionary, that rewarded him with an unprecedented expulsion from the Academie Francaise. Volume I includes the preface to the first edition by philosopher Pierre Bayle. "It is, however, for his work as a lexicographer that Furetiere is known today, and his Dictionnaire universel des arts et des sciences (1690) remains an indispensable tool for scholars of seventeenth-century French literature and culture. Furetiere conceived of his work as a dictionary of things, rather than of words, and so presented a variety of technical, medical, and scientific terms within its pages. As such, the Dictionnaire universel served as a precursor to the encyclopedic dictionaries of the eighteenth century. "At the same time that Furetiere was preparing his dictionary, members of the Academie Francaise were compiling material for their own dictionary, a project begun in 1635. Sensing competition for its own project and judging him to be disloyal, the Academie accused Furetiere of using materials compiled by academiciens for their dictionary and, in 1685, revoked the royal privilege granting him permission to publish his Dictionnaire universel and expelled him from its ranks. In response, Furetiere wrote three factum in which he defended himself against the accusations of his former peers and claimed his dictionary to be more comprehensive in scope and more precise than the Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, which appeared in 1694. The Dictionnaire universel was published posthumously in Rotterdam in 1690, with a preface by Pierre Bayle." ‚ " Baker, pp. 123-145. "When Furetiere planned his Dictionnaire Universel, he knew of both Moreri's work [Grand Dictionnaire Historique, Lyon: 1674] and the ongoing Dictionnaire undertaken by the Academie Francaise, which finally appeared in 1694. Furetiere rejected the arrangement of words by their etymological roots, omitted proper names, historical and geographical material, but included the arts and sciences, now in alphabetical format for the first time. In this sense. . .it was Furetiere, not Moreri, who did the most radical thing: namely, to establish alphabetical order as an acceptable way of conveying summaries of the arts and sciences, rather than just biographical and historical information" (Yeo, p. 18). "Bayle had another chance to comment on the dictionaries‚ "in fact, the first dictionary of arts and sciences‚ "when he wrote the anonymous preface to Furetiere's Dictionnaire Universel, which appeared in 1690, after the author's death in 1688. Bayle welcomed this as a work that went beyond a dictionary of language that merely gave equivalent words in two languages. Instead, Furetiere had set out to provide descriptions of things, principles, and theories concerning the arts and sciences. Here Bayle recognised the importance of agreed definitions of terms as a basis for communication. . . Secondly, Bayle hinted that the established academies were not likely to perform this function. This was a reference to the dispute between Furetiere and the Academie Francaise, whose own dictionary had still not appeared. When Furetiere's plans surfaced, his work was regarded as a rival and he was expelled from the Academie. Bayle wrote the preface as a vindication of Furetiere's reputation as a lexicographer. In the absence of appropriate works from the Academie, it therefore fell to individuals suc. Bookseller Inventory # LV1860

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Title: Dictionnaire Universel, Contenant ...

Publisher: Arnoud et Reinier Leers, 1701., La Hague & Rotterdam:

Publication Date: 1701

Binding: Hardcover

Edition: 1st Edition

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