Discours de la Religion des Anciens Romains, [and] De la Castrametation & discipline militaire d'iceux, De Bains & Antiques exercitations Grecques & Romaines, Escript par Noble S. Guillaume du Choul, Conseiller du Roy,& Bailly des montagnes du Dauphiné. Illustré de Médailles et figures retirées des marbres Antiques, qui se treuvent à Rome, & par notre Gaule

DU CHOUL, Guillaume (c.1496-1560)

Published by GuillaumeRouille, 1581
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4to, 2 parts in one volume, separately titled (233 x 173mm). Collation: az(4); AZ(4); AA-BB(4); CC(6); Aa-Vv(4). [Part I:] "Religion of the Ancient Romans." 339 pp., [1], [54, index]. 5 full-page and 42 smaller woodcuts representing the practices of religion and ancient customs, 554 woodcut medallions of Roman medals and coins representing many recto and verso. [Part II:] "Castrametation (planning of military camps) and military discipline." 154 pp., [x, index]. 41 full-page and 2 smaller woodcuts on the operation of the Roman Army and 3 small and 3 full-page of the Roman Baths, all attributed to Pierre Eskric. Woodcut printerís device of Rouille to each title. Woodcut heraldic device of Du Choul on each title verso, head- and tail-pieces throughout. Near contemporary vellum; (title lightly browned and thumbsoiled; spine darkened). Possibly 17c. ownership inscriptions "Hry Saloman Beerfelden" and "De Vallemonte" over a cancelled inscription on title. Front endpaper heavily inscribed in French with annotations regarding history of the Olympics. Combined edition of Du Choulís classic, illustrated two-part discourse celebrating ancient Rome through medals and monuments, covering religion, military history and the Baths. Guillaume du Choul, a Lyonnais, flourished in the 16th century as a famous historian and collector of antiquities, curiosities and rare objets díart. Perhaps most famous of his acquisitions were his Roman medals and coins which were so admired they were said to have restored life to ancient Rome. In his work, Du Choul sought to verify events in Roman history, such as Caesarís military triumphs, by indicating their record on medals. His method was to build an account of Roman antiquities through a careful study of images on medals and coins, and by the use of epitaphs and inscriptions. His interpretative range was considerable. Reprinted from the 1567 edition, with the same figures, Du Choulís Discours is in fact a pretext to introduce and explain the symbols of medals and monuments he had variously collected or observed. Du Choulís main concern was historical; to reconstruct from the evidence available modes of worship and reasons for them. Du Choul is not uncritical of the Romanís habits; for one, he cannot understand why they took so long to accept the coming of Christ. In the second part, Castrametation, the focus is the functioning of the Roman Army with sub-topics for the designs and customs of the Roman Bath. Du Choul was revered because he responded to fashion and curiosity of the time, and was one of the first to do interpretative work in this depth and range. He was admired for his extraordinary expertise in deciphering the meaning of images, but also for his fine memory and for his "magnificent house," and among those things, his hoard of seashells. Bookseller Inventory #

Bibliographic Details

Title: Discours de la Religion des Anciens Romains,...
Publisher: GuillaumeRouille
Publication Date: 1581
Binding: Hardcover
Book Condition: Very Good

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