Discurso, contendo a historia da Academia Real das Sciencias, desde 25 de junho de 1814 até 24 de Junho de 1815.

SILVA, JosÚ Bonifacio de Andrada e.

Published by [Lisbon?, [Academia Real das Sciencias?], 1815?., 1815
From Richard C. Ramer Old and Rare Books (New York, NY, U.S.A.)

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4°, disbound. Caption title. Single small round wormhole throughout, touching a few letters of text. Second small hole in final two leaves, not affecting any text. Slight soiling on first leaf, otherwise crisp and clean. In good condition. Contemporary manuscript notes on recto of final blank leaf. xxix pp., (1 blank l.). *** First separate edition. Andrada e Silva had published a few earlier works in the Memorias of the Academy and in journals beginning in 1813. Here, as Secretary of the Academy, he lists and critiques the papers submitted to the Academy in the previous year, which included works on medicine (vaccine, elephantiasis, fevers), mineralogy (with one on the mines of Brazil), astronomy, grammar and literature, and political history.José Bonifacio de Andrada e Silva (1763-1838), often referred to as the "Patriarch of Brazilian Independence," is described by Martin as the "tireless promoter of Brazil's literary independence and patriarch of its relatively peaceful political independence in 1822. He was an Enlightenment figure who distinguished himself in scholarship and scientific research, whilst occupying a number of important administrative posts in Portugal and Brazil . . . He was perhaps the most widely read and productive man of letters of the era in Latin America." A native of São Paulo, Andrada e Silva studied law at Coimbra; soon thereafter his aptitude for the natural sciences was noticed by the Duke of Lafões, who arranged his membership in the Academia Real das Sciencias. From 1790 to 1800 he travelled through Europe at government expense to learn methods currently in use in natural history and metallurgy, and on his return served as Intendente Geral das Minas. During the Peninsular War he rose quickly to the rank of lieutenant-colonel and superintendent of police in Porto. When he returned to Brazil, in 1819, he began working for Brazilian independence and was soon named royal minister and deputy to the Assembleia. Soon after, however, he was sent into European exile for seven years. When D. Pedro abdicated as emperor of Brazil, he entrusted the tutelage of his children to José Bonifacio. Andrada published a plethora of works in the early 1820s, including a few that were published under D. Pedro's name. He was a member of numerous learned societies in Europe and the Americas (see Innocêncio for a list), including the American Philosophical Society.*** Innocêncio IV, 277. Not in Sacramento Blake, who lists similar works from other years; see also IV, 344-50. Not in Lisbon, Faculdade de Medicina, Catálogo da Colecção Portuguesa. Not in Pires de Lima, Catálogo da Bibliotheca da Escola Medico-Cirurgica do Porto. Not in Borba de Moraes. Not in JCB Portuguese and Brazilian Books. On the author see Martin, "Literature, Music and Art of Latin America from Independence to c. 1870," Cambridge History of Latin America III, 804. Porbase locates a copy at the Biblioteca Municipal de Elvas. Not located in Copac. NUC: Not located in NUC.@, which lists the @Memorias da Academia at MB only. Bookseller Inventory # 20164

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Title: Discurso, contendo a historia da Academia ...

Publisher: [Lisbon?, [Academia Real das Sciencias?], 1815?.

Publication Date: 1815

Edition: 1st Edition

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