Dissertatio secunda de sede et caussa coloris aethiopum et caeterorum hominum: Albinus, Bernhard ... Dissertatio secunda de sede et caussa coloris aethiopum et caeterorum hominum: Albinus, Bernhard ...

Dissertatio secunda de sede et caussa coloris aethiopum et caeterorum hominum

Albinus, Bernhard Siegfried

Published by Theodore Haak, Leiden, 1737
From Jeremy Norman's historyofscience (Novato, CA, U.S.A.)

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The First Medical Book Illustrations Printed by Three-Color Process Albinus, Bernhard Siegfried (1697-1770). Dissertatio secunda de sede et caussa coloris aethiopum et caeterorum hominum. 4to. 16, [2]pp. Folding plate with tipped-on color mezzotint by Jan Ladmiral (1698-1773). Leiden: apud Theodorum Haak; Amsterdam: apud Jacobum Graal, & Henricum de Leth, 1737. 256 x 203 mm. Vellum ca. 1737, gilt-lettered spine, library stamp of the Birmingham Medical Institute in gilt on front cover; preserved in a cloth slipcase. Moderate foxing and toning, faint library stamps on title and margin of plate mount, but very good. First Edition of Albinus's treatise on the "seat and cause" of human skin color. This extremely rare pamphlet was the second of six remarkable three-color anatomical mezzotints produced by Jan Ladmiral for Albinus between 1736 and 1741 to illustrate pmaphlets by Albinus on different specialized subjects in anatomy. These plates represent the first application of the three-color printing process to medical illustration. The three-color process, which uses three separate plates inked in red, yellow and blue, was invented by German artist Jacob Christoph le Blon, but it was Ladmiral who was responsible for developing the process for the purpose of anatomical illustration (only one anatomical three-color plate produced by le Blon is known: a separate plate of the male genitalia issued in 1721.) Ladmiral's plate for the Dissertatio secunda contains three figures illustrating Albinus' preparations of two dissected portions of skin and a thumbnail, all taken from an African woman. The first figure shows Albinus' division of the skin into two layers, the superficial epidermis and the deeper reticulum. Albinus found that the reticulum was the source of human skin color, but also noted that the epidermis, although of lesser brightness, was colored in proportion to the intensity of coloration in the reticulum. He viewed the human nail as "a continuation of the epidermis, with the reticulum beneath it in the area of transition" (Punt, Bernhard Siegfried Albinus (1697-1770): On "Human Nature," p. 89). Albinus also speculated on the historical causes of the colors of the various human races, citing both ancient and scriptural authorities. Choulant, History and Bibliography of Anatomic Illustration (tr. Frank), p. 268. Meijer, Miriam C. "Albinus, Bernard Siegfried (1697-1770)." PetrusCamper.com, 12 Aug. 2009. Web. 25 May 2012. Bookseller Inventory # 42505

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Bibliographic Details

Title: Dissertatio secunda de sede et caussa ...

Publisher: Theodore Haak, Leiden

Publication Date: 1737

Binding: Hardcover

Edition: 1st Edition

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