Documentos: Biografia De Juan Jose Moreno, Ordenanzas De Los Hospitales, Testamento, Informacion En Derecho, Juicio De Residencia, Litigio Por La Isla De Tultepec

Quiroga, Vasco de (c1470-1565)

Published by Editorial Polis, Mexico City, 1940
Condition: Very Good Hardcover
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xx+472 pages with plates. Royal octavo (9 1/4" x 7 1/4") rebound in 3/4 leather with raised spine bands and gilt lettering. Original wrappers bound in. From the library of George M Foster. Limited to 560 copies. 2d edition. Originally published in 1766. Vasco de Quiroga was born into a noble family. He studied law and later theology. He became a lawyer in Salamanca in 1515. He took holy orders late in life, but advanced rapidly in the church. He was a judge of the Chancellor's Court of Valladolid at the time of his appointment in 1530 as one of the oidores of the second Audiencia in New Spain. After the disaster of the first Audiencia, Emperor Charles V was determined to find officials of proven humanity and integrity for the second one. This he was able to do by soliciting the recommendations of the archbishop of Santiago, Juan Tavera. The president of this second Audiencia was Bishop Sebastián Ramírez de Fuenleal, and the other members were Quiroga, Juan de Salmerón, Alonso de Maldonado and Francisco Ceinos. They began governing in Mexico City in 1531. Quiroga founded the hospital-pueblo of Santa Fe (Mexico City), with his own money. This was his first attempt at building a Utopia on the model of Sir Thomas More. He converted many Indigenous to Christianity. He sat on the tribunal that ordered the bloody conquistador and president of the first Audiencia, Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán, be returned to Spain in chains, where he spent the rest of his life in prison. Quiroga and the other oidores of the second Audiencia also conducted the trial of Juan Ortiz de Matienzo and Diego Delgadillo of the first Audiencia. When the newly conquered Chichimec Indians of Michoacán rebelled in 1533, Quiroga was sent to that province as visitador (inspector). With his prudent and just measures, he soon pacified the rebels. Here he founded another hospital of Santa Fe, also on More's principles. Greatly influenced by More's socialist Utopia, Quiroga believed that applying its principles to the Indian population would be the best way to counteract the earlier depredations of Beltrán de Guzmán. In 1535 the second Audiencia turned over its governing powers to the first viceroy of New Spain, Antonio de Mendoza. On the emperor's nomination he became the first bishop of Michoacán in 1537. He remained in Michoacán as pastor and protector of the Indians for most of the remainder of his life. As bishop, he transferred the seat of the bishopric from Tzintzutzan to Patzcuaro. In Patzcuaro he founded the cathedral and the Seminary of San Nicolas. He worked to gather the Indians in large towns near Lake Pátzcuaro in the center of Tarascan territory, recently ravaged by Beltrán de Guzmán. Using Thomas More's Utopia as a model, here the Indians were to be taught religion, crafts and the fundamentals of self-government. Each town was to become the center of an industry. Each person worked six hours a day and contributed on an equal basis to the common welfare. He gradually realized the necessity of restricting the scope of his plans, which he had hoped to apply throughout the colony, to the smaller area over which he had jurisdiction, partially because his personal funds were not unlimited. Bishop Quiroga's efforts were very successful, and he was said to be greatly beloved by the members of his flock. He was known to them as Tata Vasco (Father Vasco). Charles V had prohibited the enslavement of conquered subjects, but in 1534 he revoked that prohibition, at least insofar as to allow slavery of natives captured in a "just war". When Quiroga became aware of this, he wrote to Charles his celebrated Información en derecho (1535), in which he strongly condemned the encomenderos, saying that they did not accept the natives as men, but only as beasts. Quiroga passionately defended the Indians, arguing that they did not deserve the loss of liberty. In 1545 Quiroga left for Spain to attend the Council of Trent, but his ship was damaged and he was forced to return to New Spai. Bookseller Inventory # CA0044

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Bibliographic Details

Title: Documentos: Biografia De Juan Jose Moreno, ...

Publisher: Editorial Polis, Mexico City

Publication Date: 1940

Binding: Hardcover

Book Condition:Very Good

Edition: First Edition

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