A Draught of the Gut of Canso Between Nova Scotia and Cape Breton Island, Surveyed by the King's Ships in 1761. / A Plan of Port Dauphin, on the Eastern Side of Cape Breton Island, Surveyed in 1743. / A plan of Murgain or Cow Bay, on the Eastern Side of Cape Breton Island, Surveyed in August 1760. [published in: The North-American Pilot for Newfoundland, Labradore, the Gulf and River St.Laurence: being a collection of sixty accurate charts and plans, drawn from original surveys: taken by James Cook and Michael Lane, Surveyors, and Joseph Gilbert, and other officers in the King's service]

COOK, James (1728-1779)]. - Robert SAYER & John BENNETT (publishers)

Published by Robert Sayer & John Bennett, London, 1775
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Copper engraving on a single page (approx. plate area: 14 x 21 inches). Good condition, old vertical fold. A spectacular chart from the survey which laid the foundation upon which Captain Cook's reputation as a surveyor and navigator rested. At the conclusion of the French and Indian War, the British needed accurate charts of the territories that had been awarded to them in the Treaty of Paris. The areas that were of particular interest to the Admiralty included Labrador and Newfoundland. "On 19 April 1763 James Cook, Master R.N. was ordered by the Admiralty to proceed to Newfoundland 'in order to your taking a survey of the Parts of the Coasts and Harbours of that Island'" (Tooley & Skelton, in Tooley's The Mapping of America p.177). His appointment would have been based, in no small part, on the glowing endorsment of his commanding officer, who had written to the Admiralty in December 1762 "that from my experience of Mr. Cook's genius and capacity, I think him well fitted for the work he has undertaken, and for greater undertakings of the same kind". "The charting of Newfoundland and southern Labrador by Cook. and by his successor Michael Lane . was unequalled, for thoroughness and method, by any previous hydrographic work by Englishmen [and also allowed Cook to master the art of practical surveying and navigation, in a way that brought him to the attention of the Admiralty and Royal Society at a crucial moment. More immediately.] it produced the first charts of this extensive and difficult coastline that could (in the words of a later hydrographer) 'with any degree of safety be trusted by the seaman'" (Tooley & Skelton op. cit.). Cook started by surveying the northwest stretch of coastline in 1763 and 1764, then in 1765 and 1766 the south coast between Cape Ray and the Burin Peninsula, and in 1767 the west coast. His work was interrupted by what was to prove to be the first of his three great voyages to the Pacific, and the work on Newfoundland and southern Labrador was finished by Michael Lane between 1768 and 1773. Thomas Jefferys used the charts by Cook and others to form the "Collection of Charts of 1769-70, a prototype . for the celebrated North-American Pilot which was to be published in five English editions from 1775 to 1806" (Tooley & Skelton op,cit.). The present example is from Sayer and Bennett's 1775 edition (Tooley & Skelton's # 13). Cf. Sabin, Dictionary of Books Relating to America 35966; Skelton & Tooley, "The Marine Surveys of James Cook in North America" 13.X in Tooley, The Mapping of America. Bookseller Inventory # 24772

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Title: A Draught of the Gut of Canso Between Nova ...

Publisher: Robert Sayer & John Bennett, London

Publication Date: 1775

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