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Dryland Agriculture and Wasteland Management: Emerging Issues and Extension Strategies

C. Karthikeyan, Cinthia Fernandez, K. Chandrakandan & K. Thangaraja (Eds)

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ISBN 10: 8126910992 / ISBN 13: 9788126910991
Published by Atlantic Publishers & Distributors (P) Ltd, 2009
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Indian agriculture is predominantly rainfed under which both dry farming and dryland agriculture are included. Out of the total 143 million ha of cultivated area in the country, 11 million ha, i.e. nearly 7 per cent is rainfed. The dryland areas of the country contribute about 42 per cent of the total foodgrain production. In order to meet the targeted foodgrain production of 24 million tonnes, production from drylands has to be increased to 6 per cent. Dryland agriculture in India is always a challenge, since crop production in dryland areas depends on monsoon showers. The major concerns of dryland farmers are: unpredictability of onset, duration and distribution of rainfall; unfavourable crop growth environment; limited choice of crop varieties; low fertility of soils; and short growing seasons. There is an urgent need to formulate strategies to improve agriculture production in the dry farming tracts. Some improved techniques and practices recommended by experts include using resistant, tolerant, high-yielding and short-duration crop varieties; observing weather conditions closely and planning farming activities accordingly; and exercising substitution in favour of those crops which are efficient utilizers of moisture and more responsive to inputs. Dryland Agriculture and Wasteland Management: Emerging Issues and Extension Strategies is an anthology of well-researched articles by scientists, scholars and researchers on pertinent topics related to dryland agriculture such as wasteland management, soil evaluation, farming systems, extension strategies, indigenous technical knowledge, watershed management and sustainability of farming in different areas. The book will prove to be an ideal reference source for students, teachers, researchers, administrators and all those concerned with the development of dryland agriculture in India. Contents : Preface; 1. Identification of Problems in an Agro-Ecosystem Through Snowball Technique?L.M. Ahire, Sandhya Shenoy and V.K. Jayaraghavendra Rao; 2. A Study of Adoption of Dryland Agricultural Innovations of Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth by the Farmers from Maharashtra State?S.B. Shinde and A.G. Sawant; 3. Effect of Soil Amendments on Improvement of Soil Physical Condition and Crop Growth of Pigeon Pea?G.J. Patel, D.B. Patel and T.P. Kotecha; 4. Decision Making Pattern of Dryland Farmers in Tamil Nadu?K. Thangaraja, C. Karthikeyan and J. Venkatapirabu; 5. Appropriate Farming and Extension Strategies for Wasteland and Dryland Areas : An Empirical Matrix?K. Chandrakandan, C. Cinthia Fernandaz and R. Ganesan; 6. Scope of Refining and Promoting ITKs on Soil and Water Conservation in Rainfed Areas?P.K. Mishra, M. Osman and G.R. Maruthi Sanker; 7. Socio-Economic Constraints of Dry Farming in Tamil Nadu?K. Thangaraja, C. Karthikeyan and J. Venkatapirabu; 8. Emerging Trends in Gully Management?An Integrated Approach with People?s Participation?Asim Biswas and S.L. Budihal; 9. Impact Evaluation of DPAP Watersheds in Tamil Nadu?P. Balaji and C. Velavan; 1. Farm Watershed Management Strategies for Arid Agro-Ecosystem?G.D. Singh; 11. Participatory Irrigation Management and its Success in Tamil Nadu?M. Shantha Sheela, R. Rajasekaran and K. Palanisami; 12. Social Gains and Effect of Encroachment in Tank Irrigation System?D. Karpagam and C. Karthikeyan; 13. Need for Integrated Watershed Development Programme?E. Mahalakshmi Geetha, N. Kalaichelvi and A. Manickavalli; 14. Paired Comparison Ranking for Participatory Field Problem Identification?V.K. Jayaraghavendra Rao and N. Sandhya Shenoy; 15. Lessons Learnt from Watershed Management and its Development Programmes?N. Kalaichelvi and E. Mahalakshmi Geetha; 16. Capacity Building Measures in Management of a Successful Watershed in Coimbatore District?K. Palanisami, A. Raviraj and S. Gurunathan; 17. Role of Project Implementing Age Printed Pages: 278. Bookseller Inventory # 71583

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Bibliographic Details

Title: Dryland Agriculture and Wasteland Management...

Publisher: Atlantic Publishers & Distributors (P) Ltd

Publication Date: 2009

Binding: Hardcover

Book Condition: New

About this title

Synopsis:

Indian agriculture is predominantly rainfed under which both dry farming and dryland agriculture are included. Out of the total 143 million ha of cultivated area in the country, 101 million ha, i.e. nearly 70 per cent is rainfed. The dryland areas of the country contribute about 42 per cent of the total foodgrain production. In order to meet the targeted foodgrain production of 240 million tonnes, production from drylands has to be increased to 60 per cent.

Dryland agriculture in India is always a challenge, since crop production in dryland areas depends on monsoon showers. The major concerns of dryland farmers are: unpredictability of onset, duration and distribution of rainfall; unfavourable crop growth environment; limited choice of crop varieties; low fertility of soils; and short growing seasons.

There is an urgent need to formulate strategies to improve agriculture production in the dry farming tracts. Some improved techniques and practices recommended by experts include using resistant, tolerant, high-yielding and short-duration crop varieties; observing weather conditions closely and planning farming activities accordingly; and exercising substitution in favour of those crops which are efficient utilizers of moisture and more responsive to inputs.

Dryland Agriculture and Wasteland Management: Emerging Issues and Extension Strategies is an anthology of well-researched articles by scientists, scholars and researchers on pertinent topics related to dryland agriculture such as wasteland management, soil evaluation, farming systems, extension strategies, indigenous technical knowledge, watershed management and sustainability of farming in different areas.

The book will prove to be an ideal reference source for students, teachers, researchers, administrators and all those concerned with the development of dryland agriculture in India.

About the Author:

C. Karthikeyan, Ph.D. (Gold Medallist), presently working as Associate Professor (Agricultural Extension) in the Department of Agricultural and Rural Management, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, has been a scientist in Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi. He obtained his post-doctoral fellowship from Rockefeller Foundation, USA. He has written many books and published several papers in reputed international and national journals.

K. Thangaraja, Ph.D. from Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, has working experience as Senior Research Fellow in national and international projects at the Centre for Agricultural and Rural Development Studies, TNAU, Coimbatore. He has published a large number of research papers and articles in international and national journals. He has also presented many research papers at national seminars and conferences. He has specialized in Dryland Agriculture.

C. Cinthia Fernandez, Ph.D. from Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, has working experience as Research Assistant in IARIRegional Station, Wellington, and as Senior Research Fellow in national and international projects at the Centre for Agricultural and Rural Development Studies, TNAU, Coimbatore. She has published several research papers and articles in reputed journals.

K. Chandrakandan is a retired Director of Extension Education from Tamil Nadu Agriculture University, Coimbatore. He has put in 30 years of service during which he taught students of postgraduation level. He has guided five Ph.D. scholars. He is the Vice-Chairman of International Extension Forum. He has been recognized as Extension Worker and Best Researcher by Tamil Nadu Agriculture University.

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