Octavo. 95-186, -218 (Index), pp. Original printed wrappers. Front cover inscribed and signed by Samuel Oppenheim. Remarkable monograph on an early Jewish settlement in Western Guiana in the second half of the 17th century. Surinam, the former Dutch Guiana, is said to have the oldest Jewish community in the Western Hemisphere, established about 1500 by Jews fleeing the Inquisition in Spain and Portugal. The community grew and generally prospered for the next three centuries, until the mid-19th century, when the country went into economic decline. On September 12, 1659, the Dutch West India Company (Amsterdam chamber) granted David Nassy, a refugee from Dutch Brazil, and his partners the status of Patroons of a "colony on the island of Cayenne." The intention was to permit an exclusively Jewish settlement which had to be distanced from the lands tilled by the non-Jewish settlers around the city of Cayenne. The Jews were given "Liberties and Exemptions," including freedom of conscience and the right to build a synagogue and open a school. This Jewish settlement was established in Remire. The first group, composed mainly of Jewish refugees from Brazil and a number of Jews from Amsterdam, arrived in September 1660. They were joined by Spanish Jews from Leghorn, directly or through the island of Tobago, which was the scene of armed clashes between Dutch and Latvian forces and also of cruel attacks by the Arawak Indians. The Jews who had intended to settle in Tobago went on to Cayenne. Remnant of paper on spine and along joints. Previous owner's sticker on upper front cover. Wrappers sunned along edges, with minor and sporadic chipping. Upper back joint partly creased. Previous owner's blind stamp on lower margin of the first two leafs. Wrappers in overall fair, interior in good+ condition. Bookseller Inventory #
Title: An Early Jewish Colony in Western Guiana, ...
Publisher: The American Jewish Historical Society
Publication Date: 1908
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