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Employment Policy and Labour Welfare in India

K. Mariappan

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ISBN 10: 8177082744 / ISBN 13: 9788177082746
Published by New Century Publications, 2011
New Condition: New Hardcover
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As in other developing countries, unemployment is a serious problem of the Indian economy. The poverty of the masses in India is closely related to the problem of unemployment. Hence, expansion of employment opportunities has been an important objective of development planning in India. There has been a significant growth in employment during successive Five Year Plans. However, a relatively higher growth of population and labour force has led to an increase in the volume of unemployment from one plan period to another. Consistent with the approach for an employment-centred development strategy, public employment programmes are an integral part of planning and policy, the important ones being the following: Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), 2005; Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) and Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rojgar Yojana (SJSRY). According to the final report of the National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganized Sector (NCEUS) [Chairman: Arjun Sengupta] released in April 2009, workers in the unorganized (or informal) sector constitute more than 93 percent of the total workforce of India. Unorganized sector workers are those who do not have any job security, income security or social security and are therefore extremely vulnerable to exogenous shocks. Agricultural workers constitute by far the largest segment in the unorganized sector. They are extremely vulnerable to exploitation on account of low level of literacy, lack of awareness, persistent social backwardness and absence of unionisation and other forms of viable organisation. Further, the high rates of migration, because of the seasonality of operations and lack of stability of employment, subject them to all sorts of hazards and exploitation. Similarly, society being male-dominated, female labour receives very poor recognition or value in India. Although the Constitution of India provides equal rights and opportunities to both the genders?and there are specific provisions for protection and welfare of working women in many of the labour laws?yet most of these statutes do not cover the units in small and informal sectors which are the predominant workplaces of women. The problems of child labourers are more complex and intertwined with the twin issues of poverty and lack of access to quality school education. It is also not rare to find situations when a child worker is a migrant and bonded to the employer. The susceptibility of such child workers to exploitation is the greatest. This book provides a comprehensive account of employment and labour related policies and issues in India. It covers the following areas: demographic trends, unemployment estimates, employment policies and programmes, labour laws, social security, unorganized sector workers, agricultural workers and forced/bonded labourers, women workers, child labour, industrial sickness, industrial relations and Indian labour in relation to ILO, WTO and globalization. CONTENTS CONTENTS 1. Labour Force, Occupational Structure and Unemployment in India ? Demographic Trends and Policy; Labour Force, Work Force and Unemployment; Occupational Structure; Nature of Unemployment in India; Causes of Unemployment; Estimates of Unemployment; Estimates of Unemployment by Second National Commission on Labour; 64th Round of NSSO Survey on Employment and Unemployment; Manpower Planning. 2. Employment-generating Policies and Programmes ? Labour Policy and Productivity; Employment Generation Strategy; Direct Employment Programmes; Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), 2005; Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana (SGRY); Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY); Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rojgar Yojana (SJSRY); Prime Minister Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP); Sectoral Printed Pages: 326. Bookseller Inventory # 52948

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Bibliographic Details

Title: Employment Policy and Labour Welfare in ...

Publisher: New Century Publications

Publication Date: 2011

Binding: Hardcover

Book Condition:New

About this title

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As with other developing countries, unemployment is a serious problem for India's economy. The expansion of employment opportunities has been an important objective of development planning. Although there has been a significant growth in employment, a relatively higher growth of the population has led to an increase in the volume of the unemployed during successive Five Year Plans. Workers in the unorganized (or informal) sector constitute more than 93% of the total workforce of India. Unorganized sector workers are those who do not have any job security, income security, or social security and are therefore extremely vulnerable. Agricultural workers constitute by far the largest segment in the unorganized sector. High rates of migration, because of the seasonality of operations and lack of stability of employment, subject agricultural workers to all sorts of hazards and exploitation. Other issues also exist. With society being male-dominated, female laborers receive very poor recognition or value in India. The problems of child laborers are more complex. This book provides a comprehensive account of employment and labor related policies and issues in India. It covers the following areas: demographic trends * unemployment estimates * employment policies and programs * labor laws * social security * unorganized sector workers * agricultural workers and forced/bonded laborers * women workers * child labor * industrial sickness * industrial relations and Indian labor in relation to the International Labor Organization, the World Trade Organization, and globalization.

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