(7 11/16 x 4 3/4 inches). 1 folding engraved map with integral letterpress explanatory text to right margin. Expertly bound to style in 18th-century half calf over 18th-century marble-paper boards, spine in compartments simply gilt, red morocco lettering piece. First edition by the 'Man who tells the Truth' of 'one of the most important works on relations with the Indians that had been published up to that time' (Graff). A highly important record of events during the French and Indian War. The book was apparently published at Benjamin Franklin's expense 'as part of his campaign to discredit the Proprietary government of Pennsylvania' ( Streeter). The central theme was that the arrogant self-interest of the colonial government had caused the break down in relations between the Pennsylvania Indians and the British, and had resulted in the natives taking the French side of the fight in the Ohio country. The book was edited by Charles Thomson, a man whose integrity was recognised by the Indians: the Delawares gave him the name 'Man who tells the Truth' when he was adopted into their nation in 1756, and he was chosen by the Indians to record what was decided at the Treaty of Easton. He is now perhaps best known as the perpetual secretary of the Continental Congress. In a lengthy appendix at the end, extracts from the journal of Christian Post are published. Post, a Moravian missionary who had lived amongst the Mohicans for seventeen years, travelled to the Ohio country in 1758 to negotiate with the Indians and won them back to the British side. The work is accompanied by a fine map of Pennsylvania by Thomas Jefferys, including a number of important western geographical features and names. The map, with its integral letterpress key, records lands purchased and Indian claims, as they stood in 1759. Church 1029; Field 1548; Graff 4139; Howes T210, "b."; Jones 498; Sabin 95562; Streeter sale 966; Thomson 1145; Vail 535; Wroth pp.127-131. Bookseller Inventory #
Title: An Enquiry into the Causes of the Alienation...
Publisher: Printed for J. Wilkie
Publication Date: 1759
Binding: Small octavo
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