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Essai sur quelques points d'hygiene navale relatifs aux moyens de preserver les gens der mer du scorbut et de la fievre des vaisseaux


Published by Didot Jeune, Paris, 1810
From B & L Rootenberg Rare Books, ABAA (Sherman Oaks, CA, U.S.A.)

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Marbled blue boards, spine label; an excellent copy. First edition of this valuable and rare dissertation for the degree of doctor of medicine at Faculté de Medecine de Paris. At a time before preventative measures had been taken and laws and regulations to protect the health of sailors proposed, navy physicians had doubled their efforts to improve hygiene on board ships. Scurvy and fever were rampant on voyages to Australia, Europe and the East. Reynaud, a young naval surgeon, here presents his researches, focusing on what he considered the two worst maladies, scurvy and fevers aboard ships.Reynaud, a naval surgeon from Roque-Brussane, had studied Ramazzini, Tissot, Pringle, and of course Lind, Rouppe, Trotter and others, finding them all lacking in continuity. Each made attempts to rectify mistakes of their predecessors, and though they were able to fill gaps, Reynaud finds opinions on naval hygiene too widespread and without focus. He explains that laws and regulations must be based on the modifications that humans experience from changing climate, as well as from their physical and morale habits in order to prevent epidemics not only on ships but in camps, hospitals, and public buildings. He discusses specific maladies that became known from the voyages of Cook, Bouganville, Perouse, Marchand, and others, based upon what had previously been published. Because of the varied scope of opinions, he proposes collecting all of the research and creating a "code of the sea" to protect the hygiene of sailors, both on voyages and in general while in service with the navy. Though his focus is on scurvy and fever, he includes his ideas concerning diet, nutrition, exercise, maintaining clean drinking water, and climate, especially humidity. He advocates the use of "fermented beverages," fire to purify and expel stale air, and advocates the application of seawater to keep the skin moist. Many of the points made in this dissertation possibly formed the basis of future French maritime laws. Bookseller Inventory # 15075

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Bibliographic Details

Title: Essai sur quelques points d'hygiene navale ...

Publisher: Didot Jeune, Paris

Publication Date: 1810


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