This Book is in Good Condition. Clean Copy With Light Amount of Wear. 100% Guaranteed. Summary: PrefaceAcknowledgments1. IntroductionMonroe C. Beardsley and Elizabeth Lane Beardsle: What Is Philosophy?Historical SourcePlato: Defence of Socrates2. ReasoningWesley C. Salmon: The Scope of LogicStephen F. Barker: Improving Your ThinkingMorris R. Cohen and Ernest Nagel: Fixing BeliefCarl G. Hempel: * Scientific InquiryErnest Nagel: Science and Common Sense3. KnowledgeBertrand Russell: Appearance and RealityD. Z. Phillips: What Can I Know?Norman Malcolm: Knowledge and BeliefBertrand Russell: The Problem of InductionFrederick L. Will: Will the Future Be Like the Past?A. J. Ayer: * What is Knowledge?Edmund L. Gettier: * Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?Historical SourcesPlato: MenoRene Descartes: Meditations on First PhilosophyDavid Hume: An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding4. MindGilbert Ryle: The Ghost in the MachineRichard Taylor: The Mind as a Function of the BodyThomas Nagel: What Is It Like to Be a Bat?Alan Turing: * Computers and IntelligenceJohn Searle: Do Computers Think?Historical SourceRene Descartes: Meditations on First Philosophy*5. Free WillThomas Nagel: * Free WillRichard Taylor: * Freedom and DeterminismA.J. Ayer: * Freedom and NecessitySteven M. Cahn: * Free Will or Determinism?Harry Frankfurt: * Alternate Possibilities and Moral ResponsibilityHistorical SourceDavid Hume: An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding6. GodErnest Nagel: Does God Exist?Richard Swinburne: Why God Allows EvilAntony Flew and Basil Mitchell: Theology and FalsificationMonroe C. Beardsley and Elizabeth Lane Beardsley: Do Miracles Occur?Simon Blackburn: Pascal's WagerRobert McKim: The Hiddenness of GodNicholas Everitt: * God and ScienceSteven M. Cahn: * God and MoralityHistorical SourcesSt. Anselm: * ProslogionSaint Thomas Aquinas: Summa TheologiaeDavid Hume: An Enquiry Concerning Human UnderstandingWilliam James: * The Will to Believe7. Moral TheoryJames Rachels: The Challenge of Cultural RelativismTom Regan: How Not to Answer Moral QuestionsCharles L. Stevenson: The Nature of Ethical DisagreementSteven M. Cahn: A Supreme Moral Principle?Christine Vitrano: * Happiness and MoralityBernard Mayo: * Virtue EthicsVirginia Held: * The Ethics of CareHistorical SourcesAristotle: Nicomachean EthicsImmanuel Kant: Foundations of the Metaphysics of MoralsJohn Stuart Mill: Utilitarianism8. Moral ProblemsJudith Jarvis Thomson: * A Defense of AbortionDon Marquis: * Why Abortion Is ImmoralJames Rachels: Active and Passive EuthanasiaThomas D. Sullivan: Active and Passive Euthanasia: A ReplyPeter Singer: * Famine, Affluence, and MoralityJohn Arthur: * World Hunger and Moral Obligation9. SocietyJohn Dewey: DemocracyMartin Luther King, Jr.: Letter from a Birmingham JailMichael Walzer: Political Action: The Problem of Dirty HandsErnest van den Haag: * In Defense of the Death PenaltyHugo Adam Bedau: Capital PunishmentSteven M. Cahn: Two Concepts of Affirmative ActionJames Rachels: Are Quotas Sometimes Justified?Sidney Hook: What Is a Liberal Education?Historical SourcesPlato: CritoJohn Stuart Mill: On LibertyElizabeth Cady Stanton: * The Solitude of Self10. ConclusionRichard Taylor: The Meaning of LifeBertrand Russell: The Value of PhilosophyHistorical SourcePlato: PhaedoSuggestions for Further ReadingIndex. Bookseller Inventory #
Synopsis: Exploring Philosophy: An Introductory Anthology, Third Edition, is a remarkably accessible and engaging introduction to philosophy. Steven M. Cahn brings together extraordinarily clear, recent essays by noted philosophers and supplements them with influential historical sources. Most importantly, the articles have been carefully edited to make them understandable to every reader. The topics are drawn from across the major fields of philosophy and include knowledge and skepticism, mind and body, freedom and determinism, the existence of God, the problem of evil, ethical reasoning, abortion, euthanasia, world hunger, democracy, capital punishment, affirmative action, and the meaning of life. The readings are enhanced by concise introductions, explanatory notes, and suggestions for further reading.
Featuring twenty-two new selections, the third edition has been expanded to include a separate section on free will containing articles by A.J. Ayer, Steven M. Cahn, Harry Frankfurt, Thomas Nagel, and Richard Taylor. It offers two sections on morality--Moral Theory and Moral Problems--with new selections by John Arthur, Virginia Held, Don Marquis, Bernard Mayo, Peter Singer, Judith Jarvis Thomson, and Christine Vitrano. This edition also adds historical sources by St. Anselm, William James, and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, as well as contemporary essays by A.J. Ayer, Steven M. Cahn, Nicholas Everitt, Edmund L. Gettier, Carl G. Hempel, Alan Turing, and Ernest van den Haag.
About the Author: Steven M. Cahn is Professor of Philosophy at the City University of New York Graduate Center.
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