[German Village Street Scene]: [PEEP-SHOW BOOK aka Miniature Theater]; ENGELBRECHT, Martin [German Village Street Scene]: [PEEP-SHOW BOOK aka Miniature Theater]; ENGELBRECHT, Martin [German Village Street Scene]: [PEEP-SHOW BOOK aka Miniature Theater]; ENGELBRECHT, Martin [German Village Street Scene]: [PEEP-SHOW BOOK aka Miniature Theater]; ENGELBRECHT, Martin

[German Village Street Scene]

[PEEP-SHOW BOOK aka Miniature Theater]; ENGELBRECHT, Martin

Published by [n.p., Ausburg]: [n.p., Christian and Martin Engelbrecht], 1730
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Scarce, Early Forerunner to Peepshow BooksYet "Engelbrecht's Work is Beyond Compare"[PEEP-SHOW BOOK aka Miniature Theater]. ENGELBRECHT, Martin (designer and engraver). [German Village Street Scene. Oktoburfest Celebrants Carouse and Make Merry]. [N.p., Ausburg]: [n.p., Christian and Martin Engelbrecht], [n.d., c. 1730]. Number thirty-six in an ongoing series of unknown total, complete, as issued. Six hand-colored, hand cut-out copperplate engravings (6 1/2 x 8 in; 167 x 204 mm) mounted on cardboard, each signed Cum Priv. S.C. Maj. (left corner), Mart. Engelbrecht excud. A.V," (right corner) and "36" (center). On the rear to each is a contemporary holograph "36-298" and number, 1 through 6, by the same hand. When consecutively mounted and arranged front to back within a display box the cut-out plates create a 3-D perspective scene. Minor edgewear, a bit of soiling as expected. Numbers two and four with early reinforcement to rear, otherwise an excellent set. Considering that it was used for entertainment purposes, it is startling to have survived the past 279 years. There are no auction records in ABPC for any of Engelbrect's peepshows/miniature theaters within the last thirty-five years and library holdings are near absent for any of them; none at all for this tableau. Artist Martin Engelbrecht (1684-1756) and his brother Christian were printsellers and engravers in Augsburg, Germany during the eighteenth century. Martin Engelbrecht engraved some plates after Rugendas and other masters. His other works included illustrations for Ovid's Metamorphoses, The War of Spanish Succession, Les Architectes Princiers by P. Decker, 92 views of Venice, and a series of prints of workers and their dress, Assemblage Nouveau Des Manouvries Habilles, published at Augsburg, circa 1730. Also in about 1730, he created cards for miniature theaters, which when inserted into a display box showed religious scenes and pictures of daily life in perspective view. Engelbrecht's miniature theaters or dioramas were the forerunners of the peepshow books popularized by Dean & Son of London during the mid-nineteenth century, and have been cited by photographers and cinematographers for their early optical effects and appreciated as an aid to creating dramatic perspective on film."A celebrated engraver of his time, Engelbrecht dominated the print trade in Augsburg. Best known for his portraits of monarchs as well as his intricate landscapes, Engelbrecht's work is beyond compare. Some of his best work was with optical prints. He used these in his perspective boxes and miniature theatres. Typically 8 cards would be inserted into a peepbox, consecutively, which provided imagery similar to that of a theatre scene, or play. The view had great perspective. (The History of the Discovery of Cinematography, Precinema)."In the 18th century dioramas became very popular as a means of entertainment. Around 1730, the Augsburg copperplate engraver and publisher Martin Engelbrecht created miniature theater[s]. [They] consist of 5-8 scenery-like sheets, which create a perspective image if arranged one behind the other. Along with religious themes, these scenes show courtly life, the seasons.These small-size dioramas are regarded as the precursors of the paper theaters that became popular in the 19th century." (Deutsches Historisches Museum)."The first true movable books published in any large quantity were those produced by Dean & Son, a publishing firm founded in London before 1800. By the 1860's the company claimed to be the 'originator of childrens' movable books in which characters can be made to move and act in accordance with the incidents described in each story.' From the mid-19th century Dean turned its attention to the production of movable books and between the 1860's and 1900 they produced about fifty titles. To construct movable books, Dean established a special department of skilled craftsmen who prepared the hand-made mechanicals. The designers used the peep-sho. Bookseller Inventory #

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Title: [German Village Street Scene]
Publisher: [n.p., Ausburg]: [n.p., Christian and Martin Engelbrecht], 1730

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Published by n.p., Egyptian Expeditionary Force, Field Ambulances, 1917-1918]., [Cairo & Jerusalem: (1917)
Used Quantity Available: 1
Zephyr Used & Rare Books
(Vancouver, WA, U.S.A.)

Book Description n.p., Egyptian Expeditionary Force, Field Ambulances, 1917-1918]., [Cairo & Jerusalem:, 1917. 8vo. 5.5 x 7.25 in. [24 pp (unpaginated).], on thick green paper stock, w/ slotted windows 2 x 3 in. framing 48 inserted sepia-tinted photos sized 2.5 x 3.5 in., a couple w/ pencil annotations on versos, botanical sample tipped-in on front pastedown. Padded forest-green photo album, blind-stamped lettering on front cover (minor wear, fraying, minor wear & bumping to corners, a couple leaves w/ lifting to the overlays), still VG exemplar, w/ most images retaining strong bright contrast. This uncommon photo album documents the movements of a British Egyptian Expeditionary Force Field Ambulance medical unit during their movements across the Suez Canal, up through the Battle of Jerusalem, and the entrance into the city by General Allenby. These images show the unloading and drivers of the Siddeley-Deasy Ambulances, which featured strict instructions on the side specifying 1 driver, 1 attendant, and only 6-8 patients per ambulance; troops under canvas in Cairo, scenes of horse-drawn wagons outside the Bourse in Cairo, and more. In addition, there are images of the auxiliary medical units which hauled supplies on camels, street scenes and countryside in Gaza, a downed German biplane, and more. In addition, there are photos of Allenby and the Motorcycle Units riding Triump Model-H motorcycles in the old city of Jerusalem, the Dome of the Rock, the Ambulances with red crosses transporting wounded back to the hospitals in Egypt as there were no permanent British field hospitals east of Kantara on the Suez Canal until 1918. The Egyptian Expeditionary Force was created in 1916 out of the remnants of the disastrous Mediterranean Expeditionary Force evacuated from Gallipoli, and the forces in Egypt tasked with protecting the Suez Canal and the frontiers. General Murray commanded the forces into 1917 before his two major defeats at the 1st and 2nd Battles of Gaza. After being replaced in June, 1917 by General Allenby, the force was reorganized into three Corps, augmented forces, and then smashed through the Ottoman/German Gaza-Berrsheba line defences in the 3rd Battle of Gaza, before advancing on Jerusalem. Jerusalem was successfully taken Dec. 30, 1917. See: James Kitchen, Egyptian Expeditionary Force, IE First World War (2017); Assigned Formations British Egyptian Expeditionary Force July 1917-October 1918, Record of the Advance of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (1919); Michael Homer, World War I Ambulances, Medical Front (1993). Seller Inventory # 53587

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