Contents: Introduction. 1. Nepal : Its ethnic variety and emergence as a state. 2. Formation of Darjeeling district. 3. The issue of hill people's identity. 4. The issue of hill people's identity: communist response. 5. Gorkha National liberation front: separatism in a new format. 6. GNLF movement: profile of violence. 7. GNLF movement: conflict of political interest. 8. Darjeeling Gorkha hill Council: end of separatism in the hills? Appendices: 1. Treaty of Segauli, 1815. 2. Treaty of Titalya, 1817. 3. Lt. col. Lloyd's letter, dated 18, 1829. 4. One of the earliest specimens of Lepcha writing from Darjeeling with English translation of the Lepcha text. 5. Treaty of peace and freindship between Nepal and India, 1950. 6. Treaty of Tunlong, 1861. 7. Convention between Great Britain and China relating to Sikkim and Tibet, 1890. 8. Treaty of Sinchula, 1865. 9. Treaty of friendship between India and Bhutan, 1949. 10. The West Bengal official language act, 1961. 11. Memorandum of the Hillmen's Association, 1917. 12. Memorandum of the Hillmen's Association, 1930. 13. Memorandum of the Hillmen's Association, 1934. 14. Memorandum of the AIGL, 1952. 15. Letter of G.L. Subba of CPI to the Secretary AIGL, April 1946. 16. CPI's Memorial to the Constituent Assembly, 1947. 17. Constitution amendment bill, 1985. 18. Letter of Subash Ghising to Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, dated July 22, 1987. 19. Subash Ghising's memorandum to the king of Nepal, dated December 23, 1983. 20. Letter dated November 7, 1986 of Kanu Sanyal to the Chief Minister of West Bengal. 21. Tripartite agreement between GNLF, Government of West Bengal and Government of India, August 22, 1988. 22. Darjeeling issues: search for a solution, Jyoti Basu's note on the constitution of Hill Council for Darjeeling, dated 18th September, 1987. 23. Ghising's letter to Buta Singh, union Home Minister, dated october 22, 1987. Bibliography. Index. Nation, nationality and ethnicity are expressions with different connotations. A nation has many prerequisites but none is indispensible. Ethnicity has multiple attributes like religion, sect, caste, region, language, colour, culture, descent, race etc. These, in different combinations, often even singly, may determine an ethnic group. "Exploitation, oppression and discrimination, either experienced or perceived, often lead to conflict between the state, ethnic groups and nationalities. This book on Gorkhaland Movement gives an account of the growth of a sense of ethnic exclusiveness among a community known as Indian Nepali or Gorkha who had migrated to India from Nepal over a period of more than one hundred and fifty years, being encouraged by the British for protecting their colonial and commercial interests. They were designated as a 'martial race', a colonial construct, for facilitating their recruitment in the armed force and for keeping a hostile population, owing allegiance to Tibet, under control. Their migration safeguarded the British capital invested in the tea plantations in the region from Darjeeling to Dibrugarh. Separate administrative arrangements in Darjeeling also nursed a sense of exclusiveness among the Gorkhas. During the nationalist movement hardly any effort was made to mobilise the people living in the periphery of the empire against the British. In the Post-Independence period they were mobilised only for petty partisan interests. The account of the Gorkhaland movement narrated here reveals that sectarian considerations have been the guiding principle of our political parties rather than any constructive effort to integrate them to the nation building process. This book is the result of author's close and dispassionate observation of the events and intimate knowledge of the dramatis personae. A number of hitherto unpublished letters and documents have been reproduced to substantiate the contentions of the author." (jacket). Bookseller Inventory #
Title: Gorkhaland Movement : A Study in Ethnic ...
Publication Date: 2000
Book Condition: As New
Book Description A.P.H. Publishing Corp, New Delhi, 2000. Hardcover. Condition: New. Dust Jacket Condition: Very Good. 1st Ed. xxx, 335p, maps. Seller Inventory # 000436