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Guilds, Merchants, and Ulama in Nineteenth-Century Iran

Willem Floor

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ISBN 10: 1933823313 / ISBN 13: 9781933823317
Published by Mage Publishers
New Condition: New Soft cover
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Paperback. 292 pages. Dimensions: 10.8in. x 8.2in. x 0.9in.Guilds, Merchants and Ulama analyzes the major functions and characteristics of these groups, and discusses how they each coped with the pressures of the world market to which Iran was increasingly exposed and which resulted in the disappearance of jobs reducing Iran s economic and political independence. After 1870, Iran s economic situation was aggravated by an influx of peasants into the main cities significantly increasing the size of permanent unskilled labor in these cities. Guilds only provided some measure of social and economic benefits and protection to its members but could not prevent major downsizing, which is detailed in a contemporary report included here in translation. Meanwhile, both the merchants and the ulama demanded government action to better protect the country s economy and its independence. To make a bigger fist, the ulama, merchants and reformists mobilized the guilds to support their political ends. As such, the guilds provided the force that powered the political events, which resulted in the Iranian Constitutional Revolution in 1906. The ulama s interference in economic life only made matters worse. They had no grasp of economics, beyond stating that people should not be greedy. And the guilds, despite their visible role during the 1905 06 events, found themselves used, and discarded when they were no longer needed. This created the parameters for major structural change to finally take place after 1925. In Guilds, Merchants, and Ulama Willem Floor provides a detailed analysis of primary source references essential for a better understanding of the socio-economic conditions that led to Irans push toward modernization in the first quarter of the twentieth century. This item ships from multiple locations. Your book may arrive from Roseburg,OR, La Vergne,TN. Bookseller Inventory # 9781933823317

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Bibliographic Details

Title: Guilds, Merchants, and Ulama in ...

Publisher: Mage Publishers

Binding: Paperback

Book Condition:New

Book Type: Paperback

About this title

Synopsis:

Guilds, Merchants and Ulama analyzes the major functions and characteristics of these groups, and discusses how they each coped with the pressures of the world market to which Iran was increasingly exposed and which resulted in the disappearance of jobs reducing Iran s economic and political independence. After 1870, Iran s economic situation was aggravated by an influx of peasants into the main cities significantly increasing the size of permanent unskilled labor in these cities. Guilds only provided some measure of social and economic benefits and protection to its members but could not prevent major downsizing, which is detailed in a contemporary report included here in translation. Meanwhile, both the merchants and the ulama demanded government action to better protect the country s economy and its independence. To make a bigger fist, the ulama, merchants and reformists mobilized the guilds to support their political ends. As such, the guilds provided the force that powered the political events, which resulted in the Iranian Constitutional Revolution in 1906.

The ulama s interference in economic life only made matters worse. They had no grasp of economics, beyond stating that people should not be greedy. And the guilds, despite their visible role during the 1905 06 events, found themselves used, and discarded when they were no longer needed. This created the parameters for major structural change to finally take place after 1925.

In Guilds, Merchants, and Ulama Willem Floor provides a detailed analysis of primary source references essential for a better understanding of the socio-economic conditions that led to Iran's push toward modernization in the first quarter of the twentieth century.

About the Author:

WILLEM FLOOR has published numerous works of history as well as translations. His more recent books include: Public Health in Qajar Iran; Agriculture in Qajar Iran; The History of Theater in Iran; The Persian Gulf: A Political and Economic History of Five Port Cities and its second volume, The Persian Gulf: The Rise of the Gulf Arabs; and A Social History of Sexual Relations in Iran. His recent translations include: Samuel Gottlieb Gmelin's Travels Through Northern Persia 1770 1774; Mirza Naqi Nasiri's Titles and Emoluments in Safavid Iran; and with Hasan Javadi, Abbas Qoli Aqa Bakikhanov's The Heavenly Rose Garden: A History of Shirvan & Daghestan. His companion volume to Guilds, Merchants, and Ulama, in Nineteenth-Century Iran titled Labor and Industry in Iran, 1850-1941 was published in March 2009.

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