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Hippocrates in a World of Pagans and Christians: Owsei Temkin

Hippocrates in a World of Pagans and Christians

Owsei Temkin

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ISBN 10: 0801840902 / ISBN 13: 9780801840906
Published by The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, 1991
Condition: Fine Hardcover
From Books by White (Winfield, KS, U.S.A.)

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About this Item

The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD. 1991. Hardcover. First Edition. Book is tight, square, and unmarked but for former owner name on FFFP. Book Condition: Fine. DJ: Fine. Black cloth boards with tan cloth overlay on spine with black lettering on the spine. 315 pp. In the Greco-Roman world pagans and Christians competed for the human soul. The author shows the Hippocratic practice helped establish the relationship between scientific medicine and monotheistic religion. The Church accepted Hippocratic medicine with the proviso that the Christian physician shun all pagan or heretical interpretations of naturalism- he would not believe nature to be divine, the sour a mere function of the brain, or himself the true savior of the sick. Thus medicine the practice of medicine survived into modern times as neutral and can be taught and practiced in many countries regardless of the dominant religion. A clean pristine copy. Bookseller Inventory # 003133

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Bibliographic Details

Title: Hippocrates in a World of Pagans and ...

Publisher: The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD

Publication Date: 1991

Binding: Hardcover

Book Condition:Fine

Dust Jacket Condition: Fine

Edition: 1st Edition

About this title

Synopsis:

"The fascinating story of how Hippocrates and the Oath (which is unlikely to have been written by the great Coan doctor himself) became Christianized is the theme of this wise and humane book... Historians, theologians, and doctors alike will benefit from this clear, learned, and courteous exposition of an enthralling theme."--Vivian Nutton, Times Literary Supplement.

"A feast of citations from a staggering variety of sources... The reader can only salute [Temkin] as one of the greatest humanist physicians of our time."--New England Journal of Medicine.

In Hippocrates in a World of Pagans and Christians, Temkin shows how the perennial appeal of Hippocratic practice helped establish the relationship between scientific medicine and monotheistic religion. After the first century, Hippocratic medicine competed with powerful beliefs in religious healers from Asclepius to Jesus. Yet the ascendance of Christianity, Temkin explains, did not diminish the stature of Hippocratic science. Hippocrates, after all, saw nature as a divine and orderly power that caused growth and supplied "health." Hippocratic doctors could easily exchange the cult of Asclepius for the worship of Christ. But they could not sacrifice their belief in nature as the basis of health, disease, and therapy without renouncing their science. In compromise, the Church accepted Hippocratic medicine with the proviso that the Christian physician shun all pagan or heretical interpretations of naturalism--he must not, for example, believenature to be divine, the soul a mere function of the brain, or himself the true savior of the sick.

About the Author:

Owsei Temkin, who holds his medical degree from the University of Leipzig, is William H. Welch Professor Emeritus of the History of Medicine and former director of the Johns Hopkins Institute of the History of Medicine. Widely recognized as one of the leading authorities in his field, Dr. Temkin is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and recipient of the Prize for Distinguished Scholarship in the Humanities from the American Council of Learned Societies. Among his previous books is The Falling Sickness: A History of Epilepsy from the Greeks to the Beginning of Modern Neurology and The Double Face of Janus and Other Essays in the History of Medicine, the latter available from Johns Hopkins.

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