12mo. Unpaginated. , pp. Original blind-stamped pigskin binding. Raised bands. Publisher's engraved device on each title at the end of each book. Woodcut initials. "Hyperaspistes" is the powerful illustration of a heated debate which happened in the early years of the Reformation between Martin Luther, the Reformation Hercules, and Desiderius Erasmus, the great Renaissance humanist. The quarrel between the two illustrious men over the issue of free will and predestination is one of the most famous exchanges in western intellectual history. At the core of the clash was the fundamental difference between a Martin Luther believing in monergism (salvation is all a work of God), and a Desiderius Erasmus believing in synergism (man and God cooperating). In short, Luther was bound by the Word of God, while Erasmus, a rationalist, placed reason above Scripture. The debate became heated when in December 1525, Martin Luther published "De Servo Arbitrio" (The Enslaved Will), which was the author's reply to Desiderius Erasmus's "De libero arbitrio diatribe sive collatio" (On Free Will) which had appeared in September 1524. The work was Erasmus's first public attack on Luther after Erasmus had been wary about the methods of Luther for many years. At issue was whether human beings, after the Fall of Man, are free to choose good or evil. In early 1526, Erasmus' response to Luther's "De Servo Arbitrio" (The Enslaved Will) was published under the title "Hyperaspistes," a rather long and complex work which, unfortunately, did not gain enough popular recognition. The book deals with a number of general considerations in approaching the question of free will, and examines in detail the biblical passages put forth in defence of free will in "On Free Will" and Luther's refutation of that defence in "The Enslaved Will." Bound with "Hyperaspistes" is the first edition of Erasmus' "Adversus Petri Sutoris, quondam theologi Sorbonici, nunc monachi Cartusiani, debacchationem apologia". Published in 1525, this book is a refutation of the charges made by the conservative Carthusian monk and Paris doctor of theology Pierre Cousturier (Petrus Sutor, 1475-1537) in his "De tralatione Bibliae et novarum reprobatione interpretationum" (1525), a work in which the author condemned new translations of the Bible, and whose main target was Desiderius Erasmus' "Novum Instrumentum" (1516), and his paraphrases and annotations on the New Testament. Without naming names, but making his target obvious, the French Theologian called Erasmus and other innovators 'theologastri' (belly theologues). In his "Adversus Petri Sutoris," Erasmus defended the application of the humanistic philological criticism in theological matters, especially when interpreting Scripture. At one point, he donned the cloak of his doctoral authority" I have "more than once rejected the title [of theologian] tendered to me by celebrated universities, and i finally accepted it with some misgivings from a university that is not without renown." Moderate rubbing on binding, with minor worming to back cover. Original clasps missing, leaving two remnants along fore-edge of front cover. 19th-century Bookplate of Georgius Klotz M.D of Frankfurt-am-Main on inside of front board. Previous owner's name in ink at upper margin of first title. Title page of "Hyperaspistes" repaired. Clear and sporadic waterstaining along margin of pages (not affecting text). Very minor and sporadic contemporary marginalia and underlining throughout (not affecting text). Book block starting. Text in Latin. Binding in overall good-, interior in fair to good+ condition. Bookseller Inventory #
Title: Hyperaspistes diatribae adversus arbitrium ...
Publisher: Apud Io. Frob[en]
Publication Date: 1526
Book Condition: f to g+
Edition: First edition.
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