Title: C. L. R. James and Revolutionary Marxism: ...
Publisher: Humanities Press
Publication Date: 1994
Book Condition: Very Good In Dustjacket
Edition: 1st Edition.
Atlantic Highlands/New Jersey. 1994. Humanities Press. 1st American Edition. Very Good In Dustjacket. Edited by Scott McLemee & Paul Le Blanc. 252 pages. hardcover. Designed by Suzanne G. Bennett. 0391037862. keywords: Politics Black Caribbean. inventory # 19463. FROM THE PUBLISHER - C. L. R. James (1901-1989). a prominent black Trinidadian intellectual, has been increasingly recognized as a social critic, historian, and cultural commentator of central importance. During the late 1930s and 1940s, James played a key role in the revolutionary socialist current associated with Leon Trotsky. This volume provides an in-depth look at James’s ‘Trotskyist years,’ presenting writings by James on Trotsky’s life and work that are unavailable in other collections. The volume also includes essays by James on the work of Edmund Wilson and Richard Wright, on the impact of European colonialism on Africa, on the interrelationship between U.S. and international labor history, and on African-American history. Substantial essays by the editors, as well as by Paul Buhle, John Bracey, Martin Glaberman, and Charles van Gelderen, contextualize the actual contributions by James himself, which form the heart of the book. Cyril Lionel Robert James (4 January 1901–19 May 1989) was an Afro-Trinidadian journalist, socialist theorist and writer. Born in Trinidad and Tobago, then a British Crown colony, James attended Queen’s Royal College in Port of Spain before becoming a cricket journalist, and also an author of fiction. He would later work as a school teacher, teaching among others the young Eric Williams. Together with Ralph de Boissière, Albert Gomes and Alfred Mendes, James was a member of the anti-colonialist Beacon Group, a circle of writers associated with The Beacon magazine. In 1932, he moved to Nelson in Lancashire, England in the hope of furthering his literary career. There he worked for the Manchester Guardian and helped the cricketer Learie Constantine write his autobiography. In 1933, James moved to London. James had begun to campaign for the independence of the West Indies while in Trinidad, and his Life of Captain Cipriani and the pamphlet The Case for West-Indian Self Government were his first important published works, but now he became a leading champion of Pan-African agitation and the Chair of the International African Friends of Abyssinia, formed in 1935 in response to Fascist Italy’s invasion of what is now Ethiopia. He then became a leading figure in the International African Service Bureau, led by his childhood friend George Padmore, to whom he later introduced Kwame Nkrumah. In Britain, he also became a leading Marxist theorist. He had joined the Labour Party, but in the midst of the Great Depression he became a Trotskyist. By 1934, James was a member of an entrist Trotskyist group inside the Independent Labour Party. In this period, amid his frantic political activity, James wrote a play about Toussaint L’Ouverture, which was staged in the West End in 1936 and starred Paul Robeson and Robert Adams. That same year saw the publication in London of James’s only novel, Minty Alley, which he had brought with him in manuscript from Trinidad; it was the first novel to be published by a black Caribbean author in the UK. He also wrote what are perhaps his best-known works of non-fiction: World Revolution (1937), a history of the rise and fall of the Communist International, which was critically praised by Leon Trotsky, and The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L’Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution (1938), a widely acclaimed history of the Haitian revolution, which would later be seen as a seminal text in the study of the African diaspora. In 1936, James and his Trotskyist Marxist Group left the Independent Labour Party to form an open party. In 1938, this new group took part in several mergers to form the Revolutionary Socialist League. The RSL was a highly factionalised organisation and when James was invited to tour the United States by. Bookseller Inventory # 19463
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