Japanese Carriage watercolor with stencil print

unknown, Japan

Condition: Very Good No Binding
From Arader Galleries San Francisco (San Francisco, CA, U.S.A.)

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About this Item

Chinese Carriage woodblock print China, 19th Century 18" x 23 ¼" framed; museum quality framing using all archival materials and uv plexiglass Excellent condition This Chinese woodblock print is from a series of extraordinary woodblock prints, from the 19th century, illustrate various types of Chinese carriages, including Chinese litter, or jiao, which had no wheels. The first depictions of Chinese wooden carriages on poles appeared in painted landscape scrolls in the Northern Wei Dynasty (386-534) and the Song Dynasty. The type of carriage one used was a way for the Chinese to denote class and/or status. A commoner used a simple carriage made of bamboo or wood, while the mandarin (the wealthiest class) class used a carriage enclosed in silk curtains. Also of great importance was the bridal chair. A traditional bride is carried to her wedding ceremony by a “shoulder carriage.” These were lacquered in an auspicious shade of red, richly ornamented and gilded, and were equipped with red silk curtains to screen the bride from onlookers. During the late 19th century, manual rickshaws became popular with the social elite in China. Rickshaws are a mode of human-powered transport in which a runner draws a two-wheeled cart which seats one or two people. In the 20th Century, the rickshaw was considered a symbol of oppression to the working class and poor and were eventually eliminated after the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949. This fascinating print is in excellent condition, with original hand-coloring, still incredibly vibrant. Japanese Album of Carriages, Litter and Richshaws Japan, circa 1870s Watercolor with stencil print, titled in Japanese 18" x 23 ¼" framed (this listing is for one framed illustration from a collection of Japanese carriage watercolors) These extraordinary watercolor with stencil prints, from the Meiji Period, illustrate various types of Japanese carriages, Kago, or litter, and Jinrikisha, or rickshaws, of noble families from various cities in Japan. All of these types of transport would have been used by the Japanese nobility during the 19th century. From the end of the 12th century 1868, Japan was ruled by the samurai class, with each region being governed by a shogun (the highest military rank). In 1868, Japan underwent a series of events known as the Meiji Restoration, which restored the noble class. The use of human-powered Kagu, or litter, for transport in Japan appeared as the population increased, and horses were restricted to military use. Kago were often used in Japan to transport the warrior class and nobility, most famously during the Tokugawa period when regional samurai were required to spend a part of the year in Edo (Tokyo) with their families, resulting in yearly migrations of the rich and powerful to and from the capital along the central backbone road of Japan. Jinrikisha, or rickshaws, first appeared in Japan in 1868, the beginning of the Meiji Restoration, and quickly became a popular mode of transportation. The images are full body watercolor over a stenciled base and are still incredibly vibrant. A different family crest is shown on each carriage. Bookseller Inventory # D00217c

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Title: Japanese Carriage watercolor with stencil ...

Binding: No Binding

Book Condition:Very Good

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