Jardin des Plantes: La Ménagerie et la Vallée Suisse: PAUQUET, Jean Louis Charles, ... Jardin des Plantes: La Ménagerie et la Vallée Suisse: PAUQUET, Jean Louis Charles, ... Jardin des Plantes: La Ménagerie et la Vallée Suisse: PAUQUET, Jean Louis Charles, ... Jardin des Plantes: La Ménagerie et la Vallée Suisse: PAUQUET, Jean Louis Charles, ...

Jardin des Plantes: La Ménagerie et la Vallée Suisse

PAUQUET, Jean Louis Charles, illustrator

Published by Paris: Amédée Bédelet, [1857], 1857
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Twenty Hand Colored Lithograph Plates Depicting the Species in the Second Oldest Zoological Gardens in the WorldPAUQUET, Jean Louis Charles, illustrator. Jardin des Plantes: La Ménagerie et la Vallée Suisse. Dessins d'après Nature par Pauquet, Lithographiés par Bocquin. Texte Illustré de 140 Vignettes sur Bois. Paris: Amédée Bédelet, [1857]. First edition. Oblong quarto (9 3/16 x 12 1/4 inches; 234 x 310 mm.). 44 pp. Twenty fine hand-colored lithograph plates (all but one with tissue guard) all marked Bocquin, del et lith. & Imp. Lemercier, Paris. Numerous woodcut illustrations in the text.Original black diaper-grain cloth, covers decoratively stamped in gilt, red, cream, blue, green and blind. Spine decoratively lettered in gilt, pale yellow coated endpapers, all edges gilt. Some light marginal foxing, otherwise a very fine copy.The animals depicted include Hyena, Tiger, Lion, Bears, Elephant, Rhinoceros, Camels, Giraffe, Buffalo, Zebra, Monkees, Rams, Elan, Antelope, Gazelle, Llama, Flamingo, Emu, Peacock, Owl, Hawk, Parrots, etc., etc.Very scarce. OCLC locates just two other copies worldwide at the Free Library of Philadelphia and the Bibliothèque Nationale.La Ménagerie du Jardin des Plantes is a zoo in Paris, France, belonging to the botanical garden Jardin des Plantes. It is the second oldest zoological garden in the world (after Tiergarten Schönbrunn). Today it does not have very large animals like elephants, but a lot of rare smaller and medium sized mammals and a variety of birds and reptiles.In the beginning the term Jardin des Plantes referred only to a botanical garden of 58 acres, created and built by the royal physicians Jean Herouard and Guy de La Rousse. It therefore became known as the royal herb garden. Created in 1626 and opened for the public in 1635, it is the oldest part of the national research and educational institute for science, the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, which was founded in 1793.In the course of the French Revolution the menagerie was founded in 1793. According to a decision of the National Assembly in 1793, exotic animals in private hands were to be donated to the Menagerie in Versailles or killed, stuffed and donated to the natural scientists of the Jardin des Plantes. However, the scientists let the animals (the exact number of which is unknown) live. In due course the Royal Menagerie in Versailles (ménagerie royale) was dissolved and these animals were also transferred to the Jardin des Plantes. Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre (1737-1814) is considered to be the founder of the menagerie. He was committed to the principles of keeping exotic animals in their natural environment, having regard to their needs, placing them under scientific supervision, and allowing public access in the interest of public education. The Jardin was free for all visitors and tourists right from its inception. While the menagerie at first was just provisional it grew in the first three decades of the 19th century to be the largest exotic animal collection in Europe. The Zoo was under the scientific leadership of the former head of the zoological department at the museum, Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire (1772-1844). From 1805 onwards the menagerie was under the leadership of Frédéric Cuvier, who was replaced in 1836 by Geoffroy's son Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire.The institutional incorporation of the menagerie within the National Research Institute of the National Natural History Museum facilitated the academic study of the animals by doctors and zoologists. Studies related to systematics, morphology and anatomy were all carried out, notably by Georges Cuvier. Étienne Geoffroy, Frédéric Cuvier (the brother of Georges Cuvier) performed research in the area of behavioral observation. Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire and Frédéric Cuvier published their results in the quarterly work Histoire des Mammifières. It was first published in 1826 and became one of the foundational books concerning the biology o. Bookseller Inventory # 03445

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Bibliographic Details

Title: Jardin des Plantes: La Ménagerie et la ...

Publisher: Paris: Amédée Bédelet, [1857]

Publication Date: 1857

Edition: 1st Edition

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