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L'Aphasie de Broca. Travail du laboratoire de M. le Professeur Pierre Marie.

MOUTIER, François.

Published by G. Steinheil, 1908., Paris:, 1908
From Jeff Weber Rare Books, ABAA (Carlsbad, CA, U.S.A.)

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8vo. [xiv], 774 pp. 175 figures, extensive bibliography. Early quarter gilt-stamped pebbled black leather over marbled paper-backed boards; extremities rubbed, boards scuffed. Bookplate of Drs. Louis and Emma Aronson. Bookplate of Dr. Cobb Pilcher (1904-1949), who built Vanderbilt University's neurosurgery department. Very good. FIRST EDITION. Moutier's medical thesis, constituting "one of the most extensive reviews of an aphasic syndrome that has ever been published," and simultaneously ending his career as a neurologist. (Caplan, p. 109). Moutier was a French neurological student under Pierre Marie (1853-1940), who theorized that, contrary to contemporary school of thought, there was only one kind of aphasiaâ€"Wernicke's aphasiaâ€"and that "Broca's aphasia" was merely the latter, complicated by anarthria. In his thesis, Moutier offers "the most detailed presentation of evidence in favor of Marie's views," eclipsing that of his teacher, and reporting on 387 cases from literature and 40 cases of his own. His autopsy technique was excruciatingly detailed, often involving up to 2,000 slices taken from a single hemisphere; this method "produced much greater detail regarding the extent of a lesion than any previous examination." Moutier's bibliography alone was 67 pages long, "and lists virtually every publication on aphasia up to 1908" (Caplan, p. 109). All of Moutier's work supported Marie's theory, but Marie, unfortunately, was competitive and ambitious and felt threatened by his students' accomplishments. Consequently, he "blocked Moutier's further advance in academic circles," effectively ending his career as a neurologist and aphasiologist. Moutier abandoned the field and instead "took up gastroenterology, substituting the study of 'the folds of the intestine' for that of those of the brain, and became the leading academic gastroenterologist in France, pioneering the use of the gastroscope" (Caplan, p. 110). References: Caplan, David. Neurolinguistics and Linguistic Aphasiology: An Introduction. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1987. Bookseller Inventory # M12064

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Bibliographic Details

Title: L'Aphasie de Broca. Travail du laboratoire ...

Publisher: G. Steinheil, 1908., Paris:

Publication Date: 1908

Binding: Hardcover

Edition: 1st Edition

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