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Land Transport in Mughal India: Agra-Lahore Mughal Highway and its Architectural Remains

Subhash Parihar

ISBN 10: 8173053359 / ISBN 13: 9788173053351
Published by Aryan Books International, 2008
New Condition: New Hardcover
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The seventeenth century Europeans, who traversed the Agra-Lahore Mughal Highway, showered high praise on it. The British traveller Thomas Coryat (1612-17) considered it an incomparable show of that kind ever surveyed by his eyes. Thomas Roe (1614-18), Ambassador of James I, the King of England to the Mughal Court, praised it as `One of the Great Works and Wonders of the World`. This high acclaim of the route prompted Subhash Parihar to study the route, travelling it stage by stage, in their footsteps. He thoroughly studied the rich architectural remains of the Highway in the forms of Caravansarais, bridges, kos-minars, baolis and tanks. A survey report of these remains forms the kernel of the book. No other factor is more determining in deciding the routes in a region than its geography. Hence the physical geography of the Indian sub-continent, particularly the Northern India, as well as its historical outline forms the subject of the first chapter. The second chapter describes the means of transport and communication used in India during the medieval times. The third chapter traces three major medieval routes in the Mughal Empire -- Agra to Surat, Agra to Patna and Dacca, and Agra to Kabul - mainly on the basis of medieval travel accounts. The development of routes to the west of the River Yamuna and the evolution of the Agra-Lahore Highway form the subject matter of the fourth chapter. The fifth chapter presents the historical background and an analysis of the architectural character of types of the building for travellers, namely, caravansarais, bridges, baolis, tanks and kos-minars. The last, the most important, chapter comprises a report of the field survey of the architectural remains of the Agra-Lahore Mughal Highway. The book concludes with two appendices, a glossary, and a bibliography. The study, besides being the actual field survey, also makes use of the primary sources like ancient texts, medieval chronicles, travel accounts, Archaeological Survey of India Reports, District and State Gazetteers, as well as numerous secondary sources. The study is illustrated with 6 maps, 68 drawings, 16 colour plates and 143 monochrome plates, all prepared by the author himself CONTENTS: Preface; Dramatis Personae; I. GEOGRAPHICAL SETTING AND HISTORICAL OUTLINE : 1. Geographical Setting 2. Historical Outline II. MEANS OF ROAD TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS IN MUGHAL INDIA : 1. Measures of Distance 2. Road Building Activity 3. Means of Transport 4. Caravans/Kafilas 5. The Leader of the Caravan 6. Royal Journeys 7. Travelling Time of the Year and Day 8. Distance Covered by Travellers in a Day 9. Highway Robberies and Defending Travellers III. MAJOR TRAVEL ROUTES IN THE MUGHAL EMPIRE : 1. Agra to Surat 2. Agra to Patna and Dacca 3. Agra to Kabul IV. ROUTES TO THE WEST OF YAMUNA AND EVOLUTION OF THE AGRA-LAHORE HIGHWAY : 1. Pre-Harappan and Harappan Period 2. First Millennium BCE to First Millennium CE 3. From Mahmud`s Invasions to Pre-Mughal Times 4. Mughal Period and Later V. BUILDINGS FOR TRAVELLERS : TYPOLOGY AND FUNCTIONS : 1. Amenities for Travellers an Ancient Tradition 2. Caravansarais 3. Bridges 4. Baolis 5. Tanks 6. Kos-Minars VI. KNOWN STAGES ALONG AGRA-LAHORE MUGHAL HIGHWAY AND ITS ARCHITECTURAL REMAINS Printed Pages: 378. Bookseller Inventory # 3362

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Bibliographic Details

Title: Land Transport in Mughal India: Agra-Lahore ...

Publisher: Aryan Books International

Publication Date: 2008

Binding: Hardcover

Book Condition:New

Edition: First edition.

About this title

About the Author:

Subhash Parihar has done pioneering work on the Indo-Islamic architecture of North-Western India. he has authored many books including 'Mughal Monuments in the Punjab' and 'Haryana History and Architectural Remains of Sirhind'. he is working as Head, Department of History as Government Brijindra College, Faridkot, Punjab.

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