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Lettre de M. Ampere à M. le comte Berthollet, sur la détermination des proportions dans lesquelles les corps se combinent d'apres le nombre et la disposition respective des molécules dont leurs particules intégrantes sont composées.

AMPÈRE, ANDRÉ-MARIE. - A MAIN PAPER IN CHEMISTRY CONFIRMING AVOGADRO'S HYPOTHESIS.

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Paris, J. Klostermann, 1814. Contemp. hcalf. Spine gilt. Slightly rubbed. A few scratches to binding. Small stamps on verso of titlepage.In: "Annales de Chimie, ou Recueil de Mémoires concernant la Chemie" Tome 90. - 336 pp. a. 4 engraved plates, the large double-page plate divided in two parts. (The entire volume offered). Ampere's paper: pp. 43-87 a. plates. Some scattred brownspots. First printing of Ampere's main paper in chemical theory, combining his kantian philosophy with his empirical investigations on how molecules and particles combine and independently arrives at Avogadro's Hypothesis that all gases at a given temperature contain the same number of particles per unit volume."In 1818 ay-Lussac discovered that all gases combine in simple ratios, and thus was able to announce his law of combining volumes.In 1814 Ampère published his "Lettre de M. Ampére a. M. le Comte Berthollet." (the paper offered).It was an attempt to provide the noumenal, and therefore deeper, explanation of the phenomenal relations. From the theory of universal attraction used to account for the cohesion of bodies and the fact that light easely passes through transparent bodies, Ampère concluded that the attractive and repulsive forces associated with each molecule hold the ultimate molecules of bodies at distances from one another that are, as Ampère put it, "infinitely great in comparison to the dimensions of these molecules". This is knowledge of the noumena. It explains certain basic qualities of the observable world in terms of theoretical entities whose properties can be hypothesized from phenomena.Ampéres molecules now were assumed to group themselves in various ways to form particles that had specific geometrical forms. Thus there would be particles composed of four molecules that formed tetrahedrons (oxygen, nitrogen abd hydrogen), of eight molecules that formed an octahedron (chlorine), etc. These geometrical forms were of the greatest importence in Amperès theory, for they allowed him to deal with the problem of elective affinity and also to deduce Avogadro's law.Ampères philosophy and its influence on his science are obvious here."(DSB I, p.141). - Parkinson "Breakthrough" 1814 C.The volume contains other importent papers in the history of chemistry, Lavoisier et A. Seguin "Sur la Transpiration, Seconde Memoire", Doebereiner "Experiences sur l'amidon, Guyton-Morveau "Suite de la Pyrometrie" (2 papers), Vauquelin "Experiences sur l'iode" + "Suite de.", Séguin "Memoire sur le cinabre" (2 parts) etc. Bookseller Inventory # 43083

Bibliographic Details

Title: Lettre de M. Ampere à M. le comte Berthollet...

Binding: Hardcover

Edition: 1st Edition

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