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Lexicon pentaglotton, hebraicum, chaldaicum, syriacum, talmudico-rabbinicum, & arabicum.

Schindler, Valentin.

Published by Typis Joannis Jacobi Henn?i, Francofurti ad Moenum [Frankfurt am Main], 1612
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This is the => the first edition of the first comparative dictionary of Semitic languages, with definitions for Hebrew, Chaldean, Syriac, "Talmudo-rabbinic," and Arabic words; Lutheran orientalist Valentin Schindler (d. 1604) was a professor of Eastern languages at Wittenberg and Helmstadt, and => the first scholar to systematically compare the Hebrew and Aramaic languages in print. Widely used and influential upon later multilingual lexicons produced in tandem with the century's growing number of polyglot Bibles ? Castell's Heptaglotton, for example, owing much to it ? the Pentaglotton was of continuing significance. (In its commoner same-year Hanover edition, it was in 1767 the first book known to enter Brown University's library, a gift from the university's first president, James Manning.) The text here is divided into sections for each letter of the Hebrew alphabet, followed by a guide to Hebrew abbreviations; an index of classical authors; and a comprehensive Latin index to the defined words, which are described in the text in Hebrew and Latin. The whole is printed in Hebrew, roman, and italic type, double-column, with intricate head- and tailpieces, ornaments, and initials in floriated, historiated, and factotum frames. Provenance: Early ownership inscription of Gerv?in P?tre ( or P?ctre?), front pastedown. Folio (33.5 cm, 13.2"). [4] ff., 1992 col., [76] ff. VD17 1:051625M; Vancil, Cordell Collection, 216; Zaunm?ller 345 & Graesse, VI, 305 (Hanover issue). On Semitic-language dictionaries, see S. Segert, "The Use of Comparative Semitic Material in Hebrew Lexicography," in Semitic Studies in Honor of Wolf Leslau, vol. II, ed. A.S. Kaye. Contemporary speckled calf, spine gilt extra with raised bands, gilt morocco and manuscript paper labels, red speckled edges; joints cracking, free endpapers gone with early and late leaves creased and attachment of first ones affected, corners bumped and leather scuffed with some loss (sewing exposed at spine top). Ex-library with old seminary pressure-stamp to title-leaf, this mostly detached and with print along that edge touched on both sides. Variously, waterstaining and browning; very mild worming, eye-catching on perhaps six leaves only; small marginal tears; a few ink and other splotches. Bookseller Inventory # 30286

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Bibliographic Details

Title: Lexicon pentaglotton, hebraicum, chaldaicum,...

Publisher: Typis Joannis Jacobi Henn?i, Francofurti ad Moenum [Frankfurt am Main]

Publication Date: 1612

Edition: 1st Edition

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