Loci Communes Theologici, summa cura ac diligentia postremum recogniti, & aucti. Item Appendix disputationis de coniugio. Ad Haec Definitiones Theologicae, quarum in ecclesia usus est, eodem autore eodem autore. Accesserunt praeterea Leonardi Steckelii . Annotationes in Locos communes, longè doctissimae, nunquam prius editae .

Melanchthon, Philip. (1497-1560); Steckel, Leonardus (fl. 1561)

Published by Per Ioannem Oporinum,, 1561
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Large Octavo: Pt. I. 777, [1] pp., [37] lvs., Pt. II. 286 pp, [13] lvs. I. a-z8, A-Z8, Aa-Ff8, Gg10. II. a-t8, u4 ?You cannot find anywhere a book which treats the whole of theology so adequately as the ?Loci Communes? do. Next to Holy Scripture, there is no better book.? ?Martin Luther In 1543-4, Melanchthon greatly expanded his ever-evolving masterpiece, the ?Theological Commonplaces? This edition reprints that text. This is the first edition to include the ?Annotationes? on the text by Leonhard Steckel.While teaching at Wittenberg, Melanchthon "came under the influence of Martin Luther and began to study theology. The proclamation of God?s grace freely given became the enduring mainstay of his life. As this experience penetrated his intellectual world, it led him to develop the reformation?s message systematically? His most important work, the ?Loci theologici?, through which he created not only the first dogmatic of the Lutheran reformation but also a new genre in theological literature, arose out of the application of scriptural authority to his work on the Biblical text itself."Part of the curriculum for theologians still included lecturing on the Sentences of Peter Lombard. Melanchthon wanted to circumvent this normative structure for dogmatics and to offer instead a scripturally based exposition of doctrine. For this purpose he employed an ancient method, recommended by Desiderius Erasmus, of noting the basic concepts- topoi, or loci communes- of a text in order to appropriate more fully its content. Whereas Erasmus continued to impose upon the text his own list of loci communes, Melanchthon required that the loci and their organization arise out of the text itself. Although unable to consistently apply this fruitful hermeneutic approach, he nevertheless took from Romans the central themes of sin, law, and grace as his organizational principles. To the original, purely soteriological ?Loci theologici?, he added in the new edition of 1535 the loci of the doctrine of God and Christology from the Gospel of John as a defense against the antitrinitarians.?(Encyclopedia of the Reformation) "Melanchthon considered it his mission to bring together the religious thoughts of the Reformation, to coordinate them and give them a clear and intelligible form. He did not feel himself called upon to seek out their original premises or to speculate on their logical results. His theology bears the substantial impress of his humanistic thought, for he saw in ancient philosophy a precursor of Christianity and sought to reconcile it with Christian Revelation. Even in dogma he took up whatever adapted itself most easily to the general trend of humanistic religious thought, and his dogmatic departures from Luther were a softening of doctrine. His theological system is contained in the ?Loci Communes?, as revised by him; in substance it was brought to completion by the edition of 1535. As late as 1521 he had upheld the harsh tenets of fatalism with regard to all events and of determinism with regard to the human will. He subsequently gave "Synergism" his support, as against the deterministic tendency of the Reformation. That God is not the cause of sin, and that man is responsible for his acts, must be firmly maintained. Man's salvation can only be wrought out with the cooperation of his own will, although there can be no question of merit on his part. Likewise he emphasized the necessity of good works from the practical, ethical standpoint. He went so far as to say, in the Loci of 1535, that good works are necessary for eternal life, inasmuch as they must necessarily follow reconciliation with God. This was again attenuated later on: what is necessary, he said, is a new spiritual life or sense of duty. i.e., a righteous conscience."In the forties, Melanchthon completely re-wrote the ?Loci communes? The new edition, which was almost four times the size of the first one, was first published in 1543/4."As the many editions and printings of the ?. Bookseller Inventory #

Bibliographic Details

Title: Loci Communes Theologici, summa cura ac ...
Publisher: Per Ioannem Oporinum,
Publication Date: 1561

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