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Manifesto do Serenissimo Principe Stanislao I, Rey de Polonia, Gram Duque de Lithuania mandado publicar por sua ordem para persuadir a Nobreza do Reyno a tomar as armas para defensa da liberdade, e direitos da Republica. A que se ajunta a exposiçam de hum parallelo das duas eleyçoeas [sic] succedidas em Polonia. Tudo traduzido da lingua latina por J.F.M.M.

STANISLAW LESZYZYNSKI, King of Poland (1704-1709 and 1733-1736). [José Freire de Monterroyo Mascarenhas, translator].

Published by Lisboa Occidental, Na Officina de Pedro Ferreira, 1834 [sic, for 1734]., 1834
From Richard C. Ramer Old and Rare Books (New York, NY, U.S.A.)

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4°, disbound. Woodcut ornament on title page. Woodcut headpiece on p. 2. Two small marginal wormholes, not touching text (one a trace of between .5 cm. in the upper blank margin of the title page, and 1 cm. on the final leaf, the other a single round hole in the outer margin). Some soiling on title page and on foldlines on final page. Overall good condition. 12 pp. *** First edition in Portuguese of this manifesto from Stanislaw Leszyzynski, who had been elected king of Poland in September 1733, with the support of his son-in-law Louis XV of France. Shortly afterwards, as he recounts here at length, a dissident group of nobles in a suburb of Warsaw elected as king Augustus, Elector of Saxony, who had the support of Russia and Austria. The description of what Stanislaw considers a mockery of an election is followed with a point-by-point critique of the second election, from the fact that no one at the original election cast a vote for Augustus, to the fact that the election was held at the wrong time, in the wrong place, by a minority of nobles surrounded by Russian troops, and that Augustus was crowned by a bishop rather than the Primate of Poland. This document was issued at Danzig (Gdansk), which indicates a date before 30 June 1734, when the city fell to the Russians and Stanislaw fled.Since 1572, the king of Poland had been elected by the Polish nobility, often with considerable interference from other European rulers. After the death of King Augustus II of Poland in February 1733, the War of the Polish Succession broke out (1733-1738), with the Bourbons (France and Spain) jockeying for position with the Habsburgs and Russia.The war ended with Augustus III on the throne of Poland, and the Habsburgs and Bourbons playing musical thrones elsewhere. Stanislaw was given the Duchy of Lorraine, the former ruler of Lorraine was awarded the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. The Duchy of Parma went to Austria and the former duke of Parma became ruler of Naples and Sicily.Freire de Monterroyo Mascarenhas (1670-1760?), a native of Lisbon, began his studies in Portugal and extended them for 10 years, beginning in 1693, by traveling throughout Europe to study its politics and languages. Back in Portugal, he served from 1704 to 1710 as a cavalry captain in the War of the Spanish Succession. When the war ended he began to publish the Gazeta de Lisboa, of which he remained editor for more than 40 years. He also published numerous pamphlets such as this one, on current events.*** Innocêncio IV, 349. Gonçalves Rodrigues, A tradução em Portugal 621. Ameal 1006. Coimbra, Miscelâneas 658. Porbase locates four copies, all in the Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal. Not located in Copac. Bookseller Inventory # 21530

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Bibliographic Details

Title: Manifesto do Serenissimo Principe Stanislao ...

Publisher: Lisboa Occidental, Na Officina de Pedro Ferreira, 1834 [sic, for 1734].

Publication Date: 1834

Edition: 1st Edition

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