Engraving (c. 1689), c. 1715, Second state. This map was made by Thomas Holme, the personal surveyor of the Penns who designed Philadelphia. It shows the grants made by William Penn to his first settlers and the entire extent of settlement in Pennsylvania at the time. This map convinced Europeans to forsake the security of the homelands and venture to the New World. It is important because it notes the names of owners of land in Bucks, Chester and Philadelphia. Sheet size: 16 1/4 x 22 3/4". Inventory#: p404pmat. 0. Bookseller Inventory #
Title: A Mapp of ye Improved part of Pensilvania in...
Book Condition: Very Good
Book Description 1715. London: George Willdey, c.1715. 405 x 550mm. An important map, being the first survey of William Penn's colony of Philadelphia, and containing the first plan of Philadelphia, the earliest map of any English city in America. Thomas Holme (1624-95) learned surveying in Cromwell's army, but became a Quaker after the end of the Civil War, which brought him into William Penn's circle. When Penn's original surveyor for the colony died en route to America, Holme was invited by Penn to take his place as Surveyor-General in 1682. He compiled a map of the new colony and carefully recorded the names of those who had bought property, and drew a plan of how the streets of Philadelphia were to be laid out. This street map is one of the first examples of urban planning. In May 1687 Penn requested a copy of Holme's map be send to London for publication, to encourage further migration. The map was issued in two formats: as a six-sheet wall map engraved by Francis Lamb, of which only four example still exist (Burden 628); and this single-sheet version, engraved by John Harris and originally published by Philip Lea c.1688. Like the six-sheet version it featured the plan of Philadelphia prominently. BURDEN: 669, state ii of iv. Bookseller Inventory # 16279
Book Description London: Philip Lea, ca. 1715, 1715. Single sheet (18 1/2 x 21 1/2 inches). A fine engraved and detailed map of Pennsylvania, with a inset map "The City of Philadelphia Two Miles in Length and one in Breadth" within an allegorical cartouche top centre, the dedication to William Penn within an elaborate armorial cartouche upper right, with two keys at the left and right-hand edges, showing the properties of settlers throughout the area, the Delaware and its branches at the border with New Jersey. THE FIRST MAP OF PENNSYLVANIA: "without question the finest printed cartographic document relating to North America to be published to date" (Burden). First single sheet edition, second issue with Lea's imprint erased and a simple rectangular box lower left stating Willdey as the seller of the map, reduced from an original seven-sheet map for printed for the political use of William Penn and his associates, or the "more notable wealthy citizens of the colony" (Burden). Holmes' map depicts the settled, outlying regions of Philadelphia, and also contains an inset, modestly-sized plan of the aforementioned city. The dominant map depicts William Penn's own manor of Pennsbury upriver to Newcastle, and, further inland, the present-day sites of West Chester and Doylestown. In addition, the map lists the names and depicts the properties of the hundreds of settlers who inhabited the region. Penn, a Quaker and founder of the Pennsylvania colony, commissioned Holme to create this map as a means of advertising the settlement abroad. Penn's incredible knack for salesmanship helped the region become the most swiftly occupied North American colony to date. Holme, Pennsylvania's first Surveyor General, played a primary role in the planning of the City of Philadelphia, and had also won great acclaim for his outstanding 1683 map of the then infant city entitled, Portraiture of the City of Philadelphia. Thus, by 1688 Penn could have found no more qualified candidate than Holme to create the first map of Pennsylvania's settlements. After Holme completed drafting the map, Penn enlisted Francis Lamb to engrave it. Penn's old friend John Thornton and Robert Greene took charge of the map's publication. The version of the map shown here, representing the first state, is a single sheet reduction of Holme's original seven-sheet work, and was released by Philip Lea and engraved by John Harris. Lea, one of the premier English publishers of the seventeenth century, acquired the map's original plates from Greene's daughter. Once Lea controlled the rights to the map, he ordered a number of changes be made to the plate before releasing his own edition of it. Such changes largely resulted from Lea's desire to broaden the map's appeal to a group of buyers that went beyond mere politicians and wealthy Pennsylvanian settlers. Thus, he reduced the original seven-sheet version to one sheet. Nevertheless, Lea's edition of the map preserved many of the original features of the earlier map. For example, the plan of Philadelphia is merely shifted to the top and center of the map, and the dedication is kept intact. Moreover, since the shrunken size of many of the new land lots contained in the updated version of the map could no longer hold the names of its owners, Lea listed the names of these owners in a keyed table on the upper right corner of the map. Toponyms are also preserved, but slightly adjusted so as to appear more level on the surface of the map. Gloria Gilda Deak, Picturing America, 1497-1899 (Princeton, 1988), no. 72; Philip D. Burden, The Mapping of North America II: A List of Printed Maps 1671-1700 (Rickmansworth, 2007), 669. Bookseller Inventory # 000490