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Marilia de Dirceu. Lyras de . precedidas de uma noticia biographica e do juizo critico dos auctores estrangeiros e nacionaes e das lyras escriptas em resposta as suas e acompanhadas de documentos historicos por [Joaquim] Norberto de Souza S[ilva]. Brasilia Bibliotheca dos Melhores Auctores Nacionaes Antigos e Modernos. T. A. Gonzaga I (and II).

GONZAGA, Tomás António.

Published by Rio de Janeiro, Livraria de B.L. Garnier, and Paris: Garnier Irmãoes, 1862., 1862
From Richard C. Ramer Old and Rare Books (New York, NY, U.S.A.)

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2 volumes. Tall 12º, quarter brown pebbled cloth, spine gilt in five compartments with raised bands (some scuffing), front cover with gilt-tooled design incorporating a cupid (?), harp, cross, vine leaves, laurel branches, paper, quill pen, and a star; lower cover with a gilt-tooled with flowers and strapwork; both covers with rules in blind; all text block edges gilt. Some foxing, heavier in a few quires. Overall in good to very good condition. On half title of second volume, early signature of Mrs. L.L. Cristo [?]. (2 ll.), lithographic frontispiece of Gonzaga, 347 pp.; (2 ll.), 348 pp., 16 pp. advertisement for Garnier. *** First thoroughly annotated edition of Gonzaga's Marilia de Dirceu. Pages 3-189 of volume I include Sousa Silva's note on the present edition, reflections on other editions, assessments of Gonzaga's work by Brazilian and foreign critics, a note on Gonzaga's life and works, and extensive notes to the text. About 30 editions of Marilia had appeared by 1854. The New International Encyclopedia (first published in 1902) considered this 1862 edition the best of those published to date. The lithographic frontispiece of Gonzaga languishing in the prison of Ilha das Cobras is signed "Imp. Caillet, calle Jacob, 45, Paris." According to Silva Sousa's introduction, this lithograph is based on a painting by João Maximiano Mafra (a native of Rio de Janiero) that was exhibited in 1844. It is the image of Gonzaga that is most often reproduced; no portraits of Gonazaga survive.Joaquim Norberto de Sousa Silva (1820-1891) was the first Brazilian to do scholarly research on the 1789 Inconfidencia Mineira, considered a precursor of the Brazilian independence movement, in which Gonzaga played a part. Historia da conjuração mineira, 1873, is still listed by Werneck Sodré as one of the principal sources on the Inconfidencia. A prolific and versatile author who was born and died in Rio de Janeiro, Sousa Silva is best known for his contributions to literary history and criticism. According to Silvio Romero (quoted in Ribeiro Filho), "Hoje é impossível escrever a história, principalmente a história literária do Brasil, sem recorrer as publicações dêste laborioso escritor."Marilia de Dirceu first appeared in 1792 (part I only); a second part appeared in 1799, and a third, of doubtful authenticity, in 1800. Putnam calls Gonzaga "the most popular love poet who has written in Portuguese. Gonzaga's Marília de Dirceu is second only to The Lusiads of Camões in the number of editions it has had (Marvelous Journey, p. 87). Marília marks the transition of Portuguese and Brazilian literature from classicism to Romanticism, and in the words of Veríssimo, it "is of exceptional importance in Brazilian literature," forming "the supreme book of love, the noblest, the purest, the most deeply felt, the most beautiful which has been written in that tongue since Bernardim Ribeiro and the sonnets of Camões."Born at Oporto, the sone of a second-generation Brazilian father and a Portuguese mother (his maternal grandfather was English), Gonzaga (1744-1810?) came to Brazil at the age of seven with his father, who was ouvidor geral in Pernambuco and later superintendent of gold mines in Bahia. Only at the age of 17 did Gonzaga return to Portugal, to study at the University of Coimbra. The ten years of his youth spent in Brazil were decisive in his formation, and, to a certain degree, they made him a naturalized Brazilian. After receiving his bachelor's degree in 1768, Gonzaga exercised judicial functions in Beja, and in 1782 he was sent to Brazil as judge advocate of orphans and the absent in the district of Vila Rica, Minas Geraes. There, at the age of 38, he fell in love with sixteen-year-old Maria Dorotéia Joaquina de Seixas, to whom he became engaged. She was the Marília of his lyrics; Dirceu was Gonzaga's Arcadian name. At this same period Gonzaga became a close friend of Claudio Manuel da Costa and Alvarenga Peixoto. These three, along with three othe. Bookseller Inventory # 38781

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Bibliographic Details

Title: Marilia de Dirceu. Lyras de . precedidas de ...

Publisher: Rio de Janeiro, Livraria de B.L. Garnier, and Paris: Garnier Irmãoes, 1862.

Publication Date: 1862

Binding: Hardcover

Signed: Signed by Author(s)

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