Massachusetts Militia Pay Petition Listing 27 Minutemen Who Responded to the Lexington Alarm
Manuscript Document, Dorchester, Massachusetts, December 30th, 1775, addressed to Massachusetts Treasurer Henry Gardner. 1p. 8 x 13 in. Likely Drury's retained copy from the time, with the signatures all in one hand, though some may be signed with marks & Jonathan Hemenway has signed himself. A scarce petition for pay listing 44 members of Captain Luke Drury's Company, 27 of whom were Grafton, Massachusetts-area Minutemen who had marched 36 miles to respond to the Lexington-Concord Alarm on April 19-21, 1775. The list includes Fortune Burnee, a Minuteman of African American and Native American heritage, and his half-brother, Joseph Anthony, who enlisted on April 29th and died in service. Another of the Minutemen listed is the famous clockmaker Aaron Willard. Petition "to pay Capt Luke Drury the Whole of our Wages (as born on his Muster roll for our Services as Officers & Soldiers in his Company) from the time of our inlistment to the first Day of August for which this shall be your effectual voucher." Today, the terms minuteman and militiaman are often used interchangeably, but there was a distinction in the eighteenth century. Militia were men in arms formed to protect their towns from foreign invasion. They could designate up to one quarter of their force as minutemen, a specially trained force required to be highly mobile and able to assemble instantly to a call to arms. It is difficult to categorize specific men into either of the two groups based on the surviving historical record. We apply the term here to all of those militia who responded April 19-21, 1775, to the Lexington-Concord Alarm. The 27 soldiers and officers listed here who were part of Luke Drury's Grafton, Aaron Kimball's Grafton, & John Putnam's Sutton April 19-21 Minutemen companies are: 1st Lt. Asaph Sherman, Sgt. Nathan Morse, Sgt. Shelomith Stow, Sgt. Ebenezer Phillips, Sgt. Jonah Goulding, Cpl. William Walker, Cpl. Joseph Leland, Drummer Elijah Rice, Fifer Zadock Putnam, Matthias Rice, Isaac Brigham, Eliphalet Smith, George Smith, Peter Butler, Thomas Pratt, William Evans, Elisha Aldrich, Aaron Willard, Eseck Dexter, Moses Sherman, Fortinatus (Fortune) Burnee (signed with mark), Edward Buttrick, Ebenezer Leland, Solomon Brooks, Ebenezer Melendy, Thomas Leland [Sr.], & Samuel Stearns.Luke Drury (1734-1811) of Grafton, Massachusetts joined the militia in 1757 during the French and Indian Wars. As captain of a company of Minutemen and Militamen, he responded to the Lexington Alarm, and later joined Colonel Jonathan Ward's regiment to fight at Bunker Hill. Drury and his men served in different areas during the war, from West Point to Grafton, where his company guarded military stores. He also supported the Continentals financially, at one point giving £50 fifty pounds to enlist soldiers in Grafton.In 1786-1787, Drury became deeply involved in Shays' Rebellion, a tax revolt led by farmers in western Massachusetts. The uprising was quashed, and Drury imprisoned as "a person dangerous to the state." He was eventually released on good behavior. Drury remained active in state and local politics, serving terms as constable, deputy sheriff, tax collector, assessor, selectman, and state legislator.ConditionUsual folds, small loss at bottom left corner affecting some marginal ciphering, else fine condition.Joseph Anthony and Fortune Burnee, Jr., half brothers, were both part African-American and Hassanamisco Nipmuc (Native American). Compared to records of white New Englanders, we know relatively little about them, but even so, more information exists on these freedmen than is the norm. Several of the Anthonys and Burnees were recorded in the Grafton vital, land, and probates records [the U.S. census neglected to record Native Americans from 1790-1890], and the Burnees have been discussed in recent historical and sociological literature: exploring the relationships both amongst marginalized peoples as well as with their white. (See website for full description). Bookseller Inventory # 20781.03
Title: Massachusetts Militia Pay Petition Listing ...
Publisher: Dorchester, Massachusetts
Publication Date: 1775
Binding: No binding
Book Condition: Fine
Book Type: Manuscript Document
Payment Methods Accepted by Seller
Check Money Order PayPal Bank/Wire Transfer
Seth Kaller Inc.
White Plains, NY, U.S.A.
AbeBooks Seller Since December 1, 2005
All items subject to prior sale. We accept check or money order in US dollars, but order will be held until
the check clears (except dealers known to us). Credit cards accepted through ABE. NYS residents must
include 8.375% sales tax and NYC residents 8.875% sales tax.
All items guaranteed to be as described and may be returned (with prior notice) for a full refund,
provided they are in the same condition as when sent. We reserve the right to refuse service to anyone.
Domestic shipping by Federa...[More Information]
Orders usually ship within 2 business days. If your order is heavy or oversized, we may contact you to let you know extra shipping is required.
Domestic shipping by Federal Express; transit insurance is included. Rates for foreign shipments will be quoted.
Store Description: About the Seller Since 1988, I have been the largest buyer of important content American historic documents. Thousands of documents I have handled are in museum collections, including the Emancipation Proclamation and 13th Amendments acquired for the Lincoln Museum of Fort Wayne, Indiana, now on display in the National Constitution Center in Philadelphia. I am a member of the Board of Trustees of the Manuscript Society, and a member of the ABAA. References are available upon request. Starting Your Own Collection We have the expertise necessary to acquire individual items, or build a personalized collection for you. We can inspire you by creating a unique link to the historical figures, events or ideas that inspire you. Seth Kaller Inc. can handle or coordinate each aspect of the process such as: Pre-acquisition research, Physical inspection and purchasing, Auction representation, Authentication, Inventory and accounting reports, Conservation, Framing and display, and Collection management. Museum Quality\Private Ownership Most people know that markets exist for Impressionist paintings, fine English antiques, or rare coins. However, the field of historic documents has long been quietly dominated by a select few: J.P. Morgan, Henry Huntington, Malcolm Forbes. This is changing as more collectors discover the satisfaction of a personal, unique connection with history. Achieve Immortality! Become associated with your favorite museum, library, university or historical society. Important properties can be loaned for exhibition, placed on deposit or donated outright, to insure their survival for generations to come. We can handle all the arrangements for you, including working with tax attorneys and accountants, and coordinating insurance, transit, and proper acknowledgment.