4°, later quarter cloth over marbled boards (some wear, especially at corners), large white octagonal paper label on front cover with green borders and title in ink manuscript (apparently in the hand of António R. Passos). Woodcut Brazilian Imperial arms on title-page. In very good to fine condition. Signature of Antonio R. Passos on title-page and signed Ant.º R. Passos in lower blank margin of page 30. 48 pp. *** FIRST EDITION of what is probably the first book on tea published in Brazil. It was commissioned by the Imperial government and distributed to the provinces of the Brazilian Empire accompanied together with seeds. The author, in his capacity as Botanist at the Jardim Botânico da Lagoa de Rodrigo de Freitas, there discovered a significant number of tea plants abandoned and growing wild. He provides a brief botanical description, followed by considerable detail regarding the cultivation, harvest, and preparation of the leaves from market, distinguishing a number of different varieties.Frei Leandro do Sacramento (Recife 1778-Rio de Janeiro 1829), a member of the Calced Carmelite order, earned a degree in philosophy at Coimbra University. A member of learned societies in Russia, Munich, London, and Ghent, among others, he was a distinguished naturalist, especially in botany; St. Hilaire praised his collecting of plants for medicinal uses. Provenance: We have not been able to discover anything about António R. Passos (fl. late nineteenth- and / or early twentieth-century), but over the years have seen many books bearing his signature. They are invariably interesting volumes, in above average condition, dealing mainly with agricultural products or minerals and their application in commerce. He must have been an astute and discerning book buyer and bibliophile.*** Sacramento Blake V, 293-4. Not in Valle Cabral. Not in Innocêncio; see V, 170 & 461; XIII, 283. Not in JCB, Portuguese and Brazilian Books. Porbase lists a single copy at PBARPD. Not in Orbis (where we could locate only one earlier work on tea, and no Portuguese publication on the subject earlier than 1993). Melvyl lists a Rio de Janeiro 1879 edition at UCB. Copac repeats Oxford University. NUC: NN, DCU-IA, MH-A. Bookseller Inventory #
Title: Memoria economica sobre a plantação, cultura...
Publisher: Rio de Janeiro, Na Typographia Nacional, 1825.
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