Title: The Mirror of Architecture: or the ...
Publisher: Printed for J. and B. Sprint, at the Bell in Little Brittain
Publication Date: 1721
Book Condition: Very Good
4to (195 x 160mm). 58 leaves. Pagination: ii (of iv), 1-111pp. (lacking engraved title frontispiece and preliminary page with description of Schuym’s scale). Signatures: *2, B-P4. Preface "To the Lovers of Architecture" signed R.M. Text of the "Mirror" and pp. 1-16, after page 16, 1-40 numbered engraved plates on the orders of classical columns (Tuscan, Doric, Ionic, Roman, Corinthian) by fellow Vincentine Battista Pittoni plus bound-in 8 leaves (containing nine engravings) on capitals, arches, perspective, staircases, and mantles, plus one folding plate of a scale for measuring tangents (60 x 340mm). Pages 17-39 contain, The description and use of an ordinary joynt-rule fitted with Lines for the ready finding the Lengths and Angles of Rafters and Hips, and Collar-Beams . by John Brown. 2 (of 3?) folding plates of diagrams for folding engraved rule. For pp. 41-56: selections from Henry Wotton’s Elements of Architecture, the nine plates for this work bound in after those in the "Mirror." After page 56, separately titled with same publisher is the Architectionice: Or, A Compendium of the Art of Building . by William Leyburn. One plate of diagram after p. 96. Pagination and register are continuous. Later calf; (some light edgewear, title lightly browned, binding repaired in 1943 by pencil note on rear pastedown). On verso of plate 41, a Corinthian capital, is a curious dated inscription, "Benjamin Roberts tumbled into a well at Winchcombe and was drowned, July 31st 1745. The same time Mr. Applegate’s house was built." 18th-century signature on preface "Rob.t Hill." Bookplate of Ogden Codman, Jr. on front pastedown, inscribed with purchase information from Goodspeeds 1954. Sticker: "Loaned to the Metropolitan Museum of Art by Ogden Codman." Ogden Codman (1863-1951), was a noted New York based architect. Circa 1950 ownership inscription of James van der Pool of the Avery Architecture Library also on front pastedown. Stated Sixth Edition of Scamozzi’s "Mirror of Architecture" edited by Dutch author and translator Joachem Schuym for an original edition of 1669. The 40 numbered plates in the "Mirror" by eighteenth-century architects Brown, Wotton, and Leyburn are worn copies from the original plates of the 1669 edition. Wotton’s plates are bound after the "Mirror" plates here and are from a variety of unknown sources; equally the whole is rich in rare architectural impressions. Scamozzi’s "Ground-Rules" sought to avoid "chaos, as the poets fancy" in matters of architecture. Scamozzi was a prolific "chief-builder" in Venice. While known for executing the unfinished works of Palladio, Scamozzi also published widely on architectural theory and practice. His main philosophy was to establish the idea of a "universal architecture" of which a wide array of pupils could be influenced. The "Mirror" was Scamozzi’s textbook treatise, setting the guidelines for young architects of Europe and was reprinted to at least a seventh edition in 1734. Fashion for Scamozzi’s design theory was greatly boosted in Britain by architect James Gibb (1682-1754), who also made his own rules book based on Scamozzi in 1732. This important English printing of the "Mirror" was invaluable to mid-eighteenth century builders on both sides of the Atlantic and surely influenced the popularity of Palladian-style architecture in early America. Bookseller Inventory # SAV121
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