New Principles of Gardening: or, the laying out and planting parterres, groves, wildernesses, ... New Principles of Gardening: or, the laying out and planting parterres, groves, wildernesses, ...

New Principles of Gardening: or, the laying out and planting parterres, groves, wildernesses, labyrinths, avenues, parks, &c. . with experimental directions for raising the several kinds of fruit-trees, forest-trees, ever-greens and flowering-shrubs with which gardens are adorn'd . Second Edition

LANGLEY, Batty (1696-1751)

Published by printed for A. Bettesworth and C. Hitch . [and others], London, 1739
Hardcover
From Donald A. Heald Rare Books (ABAA) (New York, NY, U.S.A.)

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(9 5/8 x 7 1/2 inches). 28 folding engraved plates by Thomas Bowles and David Lockley after B. and T. Langley. Contemporary calf, covers bordered with a gilt double fillet, rebacked with the spine with raised bands in six compartments, lettered in the second, the others with a repeat decoration in gilt, endpapers renewed An important and influential work on landscape gardening. Langley was an early champion of the freer style of landscaping which was to dominate landscape and garden design in the 18th century. According to Blanche Henrey, Langley's ideas were probably influenced by his contact with Charles Bridgeman, Alexander Pope and William Kent, and she goes on to note: "In the introduction [to the present work] Langley declares that there is nothing 'more shocking than a stiff regular garden; where after we have seen one quarter thereof, the very same is repeated in all the remaining parts'. He believed that a garden should consist of what he calls 'regular irregularities'. For instance, groves must not be planted like orchards 'with their trees in straight lines ranging every way, but in a rural manner, as if they had receiv'd their situation from nature itself'. Langley stipulated that views should be as extensive as possible and he is much in favour of ha-ha's . Langley, like Switzer, decried the art of topiary and cut parterres, and encouraged meandering paths, and the use of fine trees for shade. New principles of gardening contains descriptions of the principles of geometry as applied to garden design, and rules concerning the situation and disposition of gardens in a rural manner. There are directions concerning the culture of fruit trees, forest trees, and shrubs, and there are also details concerning the names, medicinal properties, and culture of the plants of the kitchen and physic gardens. The illustrations include geometrical diagrams, garden plans, and designs for ruins suitable for the termination of walks" (Henrey, British Botanical and Horticultural Literature before 1800 , II, p 499). The present second edition, composed of sheets of the first edition with a cancel title, is quite scarce. Bradley Bibliography III, p.108; Harvard. Catalogue of the Library of the Arnold Arboretum p.411; Hunt II, 472; Henrey III, 927; Nissen BBI 1136. Bookseller Inventory # 26428

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Bibliographic Details

Title: New Principles of Gardening: or, the laying ...

Publisher: printed for A. Bettesworth and C. Hitch . [and others], London

Publication Date: 1739

Binding: Quarto

Edition: 1st Edition

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