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Noticia da grande batalha, que no dia vinte e seis de Julho houve no Eleitorado de Hanover entre os Exercitos Francez, e Hanoveriano, sendo generaes commandantes o Mariscal de Etree, e o Serenissimo Duque de Cumberlandia &c.

Published by Lisbon, n.pr., 1757., 1757
From Richard C. Ramer Old and Rare Books (New York, NY, U.S.A.)

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4°, disbound. Typographical ornament on title page: X flanked by two sideways V's. Light browning. Overall in good to very good condition. 7 pp. *** FIRST and ONLY EDITION. While Frederick the Great and the Prussians were occupied in Bohemia, the Electorate of Hanover was left under the care of the Hanoverian Army of Observation, composed of Hanoverians and Hessians. When the French army of 60,000 led by the Marshal d'Estrées invaded, the Army of Observation retreated, but eventually fought the Battle of Hestenbeck (near Hamelin), which was a near-draw but counts as a French victory. According to a paragraph near the end of this Noticia, the Hanoverians claimed that they would have won, had not the Hessians, who were former allies of France, laid down their arms as soon as the fighting began.The Hanoverians were led by the Duke of Cumberland, hero of the Battle of Culloden (1746) and son of George II, King of Great Britain and Elector of Hanover. After retreating to the North Sea coast, the Duke negotiated the Convention of Kloster-Zeven, by which he agreed to disband his forces. After the British government repudiated the Convention, the Duke resigned in disgust.The Seven Years? War, 1756-1763, was waged in Europe, North America (where it began in 1754, and is known as the French and Indian War), Central and South America, West Africa, India (the Third Carnatic War), and the Philippines. Prussia, Great Britain, and (from 1761) Portugal were allied against France, Austria, Spain (from 1761), Russia (until 1762), Sweden (1757-1762), Saxony, and the Mughal Empire (from 1757). Aside from venting the ongoing antagonism amongst the Bourbons, Habsburgs, and Hohenzollerns, the countries were battling for overseas colonies and commercial superiority. As a result of the war, Great Britain annexed Canada, much North American territory west of the Alleghenies, and Florida, and became dominant in the Indian subcontinent. France transferred Louisiana to Spain. Prussia gained influence at the expense of the Holy Roman Empire, which is often considered to be the starting point for the rise of the modern German state. Removal of the French threat to the thirteen North American Colonies, and British attempts to obtain revenues from these colonies to compensate for wartime expenditures were major factors in the movement for Independence culminating in the American Revolution.*** Not in Innocêncio or Fonseca, Pseudónimos. Coimbra, Miscelâneas 1105. Porbase locates two copies, both at the Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal. Copac repeats copies at British Library and Cambridge University. Bookseller Inventory # 22745

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Bibliographic Details

Title: Noticia da grande batalha, que no dia vinte ...

Publisher: Lisbon, n.pr., 1757.

Publication Date: 1757

Edition: 1st Edition

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