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"Ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny" was Haeckel's answer--the wrong one--to the most vexing question of nineteenth-century biology: what is the relationship between individual development (ontogeny) and the evolution of species and lineages (phylogeny)? In this, the first major book on the subject in fifty years, Stephen Gould documents the history of the idea of recapitulation from its first appearance among the pre-Socratics to its fall in the early twentieth century.
Mr. Gould explores recapitulation as an idea that intrigued politicians and theologians as well as scientists. He shows that Haeckel's hypothesis--that human fetuses with gill slits are, literally, tiny fish, exact replicas of their water-breathing ancestors--had an influence that extended beyond biology into education, criminology, psychoanalysis (Freud and Jung were devout recapitulationists), and racism. The theory of recapitulation, Gould argues, finally collapsed not from the weight of contrary data, but because the rise of Mendelian genetics rendered it untenable.
Turning to modern concepts, Gould demonstrates that, even though the whole subject of parallels between ontogeny and phylogeny fell into disrepute, it is still one of the great themes of evolutionary biology. Heterochrony--changes in developmental timing, producing parallels between ontogeny and phylogeny--is shown to be crucial to an understanding of gene regulation, the key to any rapprochement between molecular and evolutionary biology. Gould argues that the primary evolutionary value of heterochrony may lie in immediate ecological advantages for slow or rapid maturation, rather than in long-term changes of form, as all previous theories proclaimed.
Neoteny--the opposite of recapitulation--is shown to be the most important determinant of human evolution. We have evolved by retaining the juvenile characters of our ancestors and have achieved both behavioral flexibility and our characteristic morphology thereby (large brains by prolonged retention of rapid fetal growth rates, for example).
Gould concludes that there may be nothing new under the sun, but permutation of the old within complex systems can do wonders. As biologists, we deal directly with the kind of material complexity that confers an unbounded potential upon simple, continuous changes in underlying processes. This is the chief joy of our science."
From the Back Cover: In this, the first major book on the subject in fifty years, Stephen Jay Gould documents the history of the idea of recapitulation from its appearance among the pre-Socratics to its demise in the early twentieth century.
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Book Description Harvard University Press. Condition: Good. . Acceptable dust jacket. Writing inside. Owner's name stamped on page edge. Seller Inventory # U11G-00784
Book Description Harvard University Press, 1977. Hardcover. Condition: Good. Connecting readers with great books since 1972. Used books may not include companion materials, some shelf wear, may contain highlighting/notes, may not include cdrom or access codes. Customer service is our top priority!. Seller Inventory # S_180246446
Book Description Harvard University Press 1977-07-01, 1977. Hardcover. Condition: Poor. Mild shelf wear, scuffs to spine ends and corners. Previous owners name inside front. Heavily highlighted, mainly in pencil. Paperclip mark to most pages of prospectus. Gentle foxing to page edges. Contents all legible. Book. Seller Inventory # 125664-2
Book Description Harvard University Press, 1977. Condition: Good. A+ Customer service! Satisfaction Guaranteed! Book is in Used-Good condition. Pages and cover are clean and intact. Used items may not include supplementary materials such as CDs or access codes. May show signs of minor shelf wear and contain limited notes and highlighting. Seller Inventory # 0674639405-2-4
Book Description Harvard University Press. Hardcover. Condition: Fair. 0674639405 3rd printing, 1978. Dust jacket is rippled from clear water contact that doesn't affect book. Title page has 1 inch tear at edge. Former owner name on fly page. Binding solid, pages crisp and clean. Some light scuffs and dents. Corners lightly bumped and rubbed. Seller Inventory # SKU1003725
Book Description Harvard University Press, 1977. Hardcover. Condition: Very Good. Dust Jacket Condition: Very Good. Publisher's hardback in very good condition: firm, square and tight with no snags or splits, just a trifle rubbed. Complete with original dustjacket: in decent shape, just slightly rubbed and moderately edge-worn. Contents sound and clean; no pen-marks. Not from a library so no such stamps or labels. Thus a tidy book in presentable condition. Seller Inventory # 095338
Book Description Condition: Good. Fast Shipping ! Used books may not include access codes, CDs or other supplements. Seller Inventory # SKU0406040
Book Description Harvard University Press, 1977. Hardcover. Condition: Used: Good. Seller Inventory # SONG0674639405
Book Description Harvard University Press, U.S.A., 1977. Hard Cover. Condition: Very Good. Dust Jacket Condition: Very Good. Dust jacket has mild wear including a bit of very faint spotting at top on inside. Book itself has just very mild shelfwear. Pages of text are clean, bright and free of markings. Binding is tight and secure. ***Ships today or next business day. Our books are carefully described and packaged in boxes (not envelopes). A gift card and personalized message can be included upon request.*** Size: 9.5x6.25. Seller Inventory # 218362
Book Description The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge Massachusetts, 1977. Cloth. Condition: Very Good. First Edition. Brown cloth, silver titles, HARDBACK. very slightly rubbed, small ink signature on front end paper otherwise this is a very clean and tight copy with no other defects or blemishes of anykind. With 501 pages, several B/W illus. No DJ. Seller Inventory # 015150