The second edition, the first to include the General Scholium in which Newton gives a general resume of the work. One of about 750 copies printed, of which 250 were sent to Holland and France. Engraved vignette on title, one folding engraved plate, and numerous woodcut diagrams and illustrations in the text. Large 4to, bound in full English contemporary polished calf, the spine fully gilt and very handsome, morocco lettering label gilt, compartments handsomely gilt between raised bands of the spine. 14 leaves, 484, . A very handsome copy, the back expertly and exquisitely restored to style, title with usual offset from binding turn-ins in fore-margin, fore-margin of title very slightly frayed, small neat repair to upper inner corner of title. ONE OF THE GREATEST BOOKS EVER PENNED, AND A FOUNDATION OF ALL MODERN SCIENCE. THE CORNERSTONE TREATISE ON DYNAMICS AND GRAVITATION, "THE MOST INFLUENTIAL SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATION OF THE 17TH CENTURY" (Horblit) A pleasing and handsome copy of the PRINCIPIA. "Richard Bentley, Master of Trinity College, was instrumental in bringing out this second edition, which was edited by Roger Cotes, F.R.S. In his important preface, Cotes attacks the Cartesian philosophy then still in vogue in the universities, and refutes an assertion that Newton's theory of attraction is a causa occulta. It contains a second preface by Newton and considerable additions, the chapters on the lunar theory and the theory of comets being much enlarged" (- Babson 12). Newton, in the PRINCIPIA, stated the three laws of motion that establish the relationship of mass, force, and direction; he also discussed the movement of bodies through gases and liquids, and defined mass and force and the corpuscular theory of light. But most importantly, he established the principal of universal gravitation and the motion of the planets. "Copernicus, Newton, and Einstein are the three corner-stones of our conception of the universe. Few could grasp Newton's reasoning at the time, and his fame was spread on the Continent by Voltaire's ELEMENS DE LA PHILOSOPHIE DE NEUTON, 1738" (PMM). Roger Cotes, 1682-1716, "was not only able enough to see where Principia could be improved, but also able to criticise Newton and correct his errors without ever antagonising him - no mean feat . [Cotes’s Preface contains] a strong attack against Cartesian physics in general and the vortex theory of planetary motion in particular . The most significant feature remains the number of changes introduced into this edition [including] the propositions on the resistance of fluids, the lunar theory, the procession of the equinoxes, the theory of comets . On [Cotes’s] death Newton bestowed on him the tribute he had denied him in his life: if he had lived we might have known something". Bookseller Inventory # 19328
Title: PHILOSOPHIĆ NATURALIS PRINCIPIA MATHEMATICA ...
Publisher: Cambridge (University Press) 1713
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