Prediction of the Environmental Fate of Chemicals
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Paperback. 285 pages. Dimensions: 9.2in. x 6.1in. x 0.7in.Concern over the effects of chemicals in the environment has been increasing for many years. Environmental contamination by DDT, Aldrin, Dieldrin, mercury, PCBs, organotins and many other sub stances are all part of the public consciousness and have led to widespread attention to this topic. Some of the concerns have arisen because human health has been affected when contaminants have been consumed via the food chain-for instance in the case of Minimata disease in Japan. In other cases, direct effects on other components of ecosystems have given cause for alarm. The toxic effects which any chemical can cause are a function of exposure and innate toxicity, i. e. of the ability to reach in sufficient quantity a site where a biological process can be disrupted and of the tendency to cause disruption when it gets there. The processes by which chemicals reach sites of toxic action are the subject of this book, and are a fundamental consideration in ecotoxi cology. When a chemical enters the environment e. g. via a spillage or in an effluent, it is potentially subject to a wide variety of processes which may eliminate it from the environment completely, modify it into a more or less harmful substance, or transfer it to another part of the environment. The processes involved are complex and highly variable, but it is essential to increase our understanding of them. This item ships from multiple locations. Your book may arrive from Roseburg,OR, La Vergne,TN. Bookseller Inventory # 9789401074926
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Product Description: This work studies the release of chemicals into the environment and the processes and pathways by which they reach sites of toxic action within the environment. The properties of chemicals are discussed in the second chapter, and their release into the environment, whether naturally or by industrial processes or accidents, and their subsequent environmental pathways are covered in Chapter three. Having entered the environment a chemical is potentially subject to a wide range of processes which may completely eliminate it from the environment, modify it into another more or less harmful substance, or transfer it to another part of the environment. These processes are considered within soil, aquatic and atmospheric environments. Environmental modelling is a method in predicting the toxic effect of chemicals in the environment and of enabling the assessment of environmental hazards and the appropriate control measure to be defined. Modelling strategies are covered in Chapter four. In presenting methods and principles which can be used in predicting and understanding the fate of chemicals in the environment, this volume should be of interest to all environmental and pollution scientists, laboratory chemists and analysts, and those working in governmental environmental monitoring agencies and industrial personnel concerned with waste disposal.
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