Quarto. 74, pp (text), 17 loose leaves (plates), as issued. Original decorative printed wrappers. Book and plates housed in their original printed paper portfolio. Based on a study by the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, this work presents a historical and statistical approach to Jewish emigration*. Includes 17 colored maps, charts and tables on Jewish population in Poland and the world at large, statements of Polish government official and Jewish leaders regarding Jewish emigration, the history of Jews in the Kingdom of Poland and specifically in the Second Polish Republic, Jewish migration from Poland, etc. This book summarises the said Foreign Ministry study, of which the author, under his real name of Jan Wagner, was a leading participant. Errata sheet and list of plates laid in. Portfolio sunned and creased along edges, with previous owner's signature on front cover. Minor age-toning along paper margin. Minor and sporadic sunning and creasing along edges of plates. Text in Polish. Portfolio in overall fair, wrappers, interior and plates in good+ to very good condition. * The collapse of Germany, Russia and Austria at the end of World War I was followed by victories for Polish armies in a number of conflicts; the most important, victory in the war between Poland and the Soviet Union, resulted in Poland's reconstruction as a sovereign state, enlarged by the addition of large parts of Belorussia, Ukraine, Germany and Austria. Galacia was restored to Poland. The new state was approximately one-third non-Polish, the important minorities being Ukrainians, Jews, Belorussians and Germans. As in the case of other newly created states, Poland signed a treaty with the Principal Allied and Associated Powers obligating itself to protect the national rights of its minorities, specifically promising Jews their own schools and to respect the Jewish Sabbath. The Polish constitution, too, formally abolished all discrimination based on religion, race or nationality, and recognized the Jews as a nationality. But Jewish hopes were not fulfilled. Far from barring discrimination against non-Poles, the policy of the inter-war Polish state was to promote the ethnic Polish element at the expense of the Jews, the most vulnerable of the national minorities. What distinguishes the inter-war years from the pre-war era was the anti-Semitic policy of the Polish state, which Jewish leaders accused of leading to the economic extermination of Polish Jewry. Jews were not employed in the civil service, there were very few Jewish teachers in the public schools, practically no Jewish railroad workers, no Jews employed in state-controlled banks, and no Jewish workers employed in state-run monopolies (such as tobacco and liquor). Looking to get rid of its Jewish elements, the Polish delegation at the league of Nations had consistently supported the Zionist cause throughout the 1920s and 1930s and had periodically applied pressure on Great Britain to allow more Jews into Palestine and to open up Transjordan for Jewish settlement. Besides Palestine, the Polish government was interested in finding other parts of the world capable of taking in large numbers of Polish and other eastern European Jews, as it was obvious that Palestine was much too small to absorb more than a small percentage of eastern European Jewry. While pressing for a maximum Jewish immigration into Palestine, the Polish government also tried to obtain overseas colonies to serve as sources of raw materials and as destinations for Jewish emigrants from Poland. In 1937, the year this report was published, Poland entered into negotiations with France in an attempt to secure French approval for a plan to send thousands of Polish Jews to Madagascar. Throughout the summer of 1937, the Polish government tried to pressure Rumania into joining its efforts to persuade Britain to enlarge the proposed Jewish state and to increase Jewish immigration into Palestine. Bookseller Inventory # 37610
Title: Problem emigracji zydowskiej (The Problem of...
Publisher: Nakladem zwiazku pisarzy i publicystow emigracyjnych (Union of Migrant Writers and Journalists)
Publication Date: 1937
Book Condition: g+
Edition: First edition.
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