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Special Warfare Area Handbook for Cuba

The American University, Special Operations Research Office, Foreign Areas Studies Division

Published by GPO, Washington, DC, 1962
Condition: Fair Soft cover
From Ground Zero Books, Ltd. (Silver Spring, MD, U.S.A.)

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x, 657, [1] pages. Wraps. Fold-out maps. Figures. Tables. Bibliography. Name in ink on title page. Covers soiled and stray blue pencil marks. Copy #874 of 500 copies (Clearly it was reprinted after the first 500 and the copy numbers reflected the actual number produced. Believed to be 1000. Prepared under contract with the Department of the Army. This book covers the sociological, political, economic, and military background information essential for planning for psychological operations and unconventional warfare. Very scarce. Project Camelot was a counterinsurgency study begun by the United States Army in 1964. The project was executed by the Special Operations Research Office (SORO) at American University, which assembled an eclectic team of psychologists, sociologists, anthropologists, economists, and other intellectuals to analyze the society and culture of numerous target countries, especially in Latin America. The goal of the project was to enhance the Army's ability to predict and influence social developments in foreign countries. This motive was described by an internal memo on December 5, 1964: "If the U.S. Army is to perform effectively its part in the U.S. mission of counterinsurgency it must recognize that insurgency represents a breakdown of social order and that the social processes involved must be understood." Controversy arose around Project Camelot when professors in South America discovered its military funding and criticized its motives as imperialistic. The Department of Defense ostensibly canceled Project Camelot on July 8, 1965, but continued the same research more discreetly. The Special Operations Research Office (SORO) was created at American University in 1956 by the Army's Psychological Warfare office. (In fact, it was at first called the Psychological and Guerrilla Warfare Research Office, PSYGRO, but this name was changed three days after American University and the Department of Defense signed a contract to create the agency.) Initially focused on creating handbooks for United States personnel overseas, SORO soon expanded into studies of the social context for counterinsurgency. Its researchers could pore through boxes of classified military and intelligence reports unavailable to most university researchers. By the 1960s, the Army was paying SORO $2 million each year to study topics as the effectiveness of United States propaganda and including research into the social and psychological makeup of peoples around the world. SORO was directed by Theodore Vallance. Irwin Altman directed the division of psychological warfare research. SORO was publicly known to conduct research in other countries on the effectiveness of United States ideological warfare. Echoing United States Information Agency director Edward R. Murrow, Vallance testified in 1963: "Mr. Murrow, I am sure, will agree with the general tenor of what I have to say, and you might consider my remarks as an extension of his general assertion in early testimony before this committee, that there is indeed a need for more and more better research to help in the guidance of our various and complex problems which make up the U.S. ideological offensive." Vallance articulated his concept of counterinsurgency research more thoroughly with a 1964 article in American Psychologist, co-written with SORO colleague Dr. Charles Windle. "Psychological operations," they write, "include, of course, the relatively traditional use of mass media. In the cold war these operations are directed toward friendly and neutral as well as enemy countries. In addition, there is growing recognition of the possibility and desirability of using other means such as military movements, policy statements, economic transactions, and developmental assistance for psychological impact." The article also promoted "civic action" operations: "military programs, usually by indigenous forces and often aided by United States materiel and advice, to promote economic and social developm. Bookseller Inventory # 12376

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Bibliographic Details

Title: Special Warfare Area Handbook for Cuba

Publisher: GPO, Washington, DC

Publication Date: 1962

Binding: Wraps

Book Condition: Fair

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