Folio [xiv], 258, ; [iv], 44 pp., D3 mispaginated. Complete with frontispiece and rare second engraved title page. Contemporary calf, exteriors rubbed and worn, all edges coloured red; text is slightly toned. A very handsome copy with the armorial crest of John Carteret, 2nd Earl of Granville on cover. Third edition of Baconís collection of exceedingly significant scientific experiments and observations on natural history, published posthumously by his personal chaplain, William Rawley. This third edition is basically an exact page for page copy as the second edition of 1629. It was in this work that Bacon strove to separate his views of natural history from those of his contemporaries by building on a notion of the "new science" rather than collecting pleasant pictures and descriptions. The second work is Baconís highly acclaimed, yet unfinished, utopian novel, New Atlantis, whichdetails the customs, people, society, and history of the fictitious island of Bensalem and the Salomon House, their cooperative college of science. The "new science" described in this work, along with Baconís other writings, was so influential that it eventually contributed to the formation of the Royal Society (DSB, p. 376).Bacon (1561-1626) was an English statesman, natural philosopher, and advocate of the inductive method in science. Ahead of his time, Bacon conceived a new means of acquiring true knowledge by observation, experiment and inductive reasoning. His new experimental method was to encompass an account of the current knowledge of the world with the new instruments where everyone would be capable of engaging in scientific investigation for the betterment of humankind. Although his personality was unattractive, his views of scientific methods were influential.Provenance: This copy of the Sylva Sylvarum has a particularly interesting and prominent provenance. John Carteret (1690-1762), 2nd Earl of Granville, for whom this particular volume was bound, was a British statesman of great consequence. He began his career in politics as a foreign diplomat, becoming Ambassador to Sweden in 1719. He developed deep connections with the leaders of Europe, such as King Frederic IV of Denmark and King Frederick William I of Prussia. After his diplomatic assignment came to a close, he returned to England as Secretary of State and became engaged in the conflict surrounding Sir Robert Walpole, Great Britainís highly controversial first prime minister. His opposition to Walpoleís decision to not go to war with Spain brought him favor with the British monarchy, and his second appointment as Secretary of State led him to broker a deal between the monarchs of Austria and Prussia during the War of the Austrian Succession. Carteret was also involved in a lengthy land struggle in the Americas, having inherited a parcel of land in what is now the northern part of North Carolina. Refusing to sell his part of the land to the recently founded Royal Colony in 1729, Carteretís family retained control of a 60-mile strip until the American Civil War, when the property became part of the state of North Carolina. Bookseller Inventory #
Title: Sylva sylvarum. (bound with) New Atlantis
Publisher: W. Lee
Publication Date: 1631
Edition: THIRD EDITION.
Book Description Printed by J. H. for William Lee at the Turkes Head,, London:, 1628. Engraved title and frontis portrait. (illustrator). Second edition. Full period brown calf. Pages lightly toned, title page browned, some small ink flower doodles to front free endpaper and one line inked notation to rear free endpaper, expertly respined with original spine laid down, binding rubbed but with hinges and joints solid, overall a very good, wide margined copy. Hunt Catalogue of Botanical Books (third edition), 218. " The Sylva is a collection of facts and observations which was intended to become a part of Bacon's vast philosophical project, the Instauratio Magna, a project that was never completed. The New Atlantis is a philosophical romance, a description of an ideal state in which the principles of Bacon's new philosophy were carried out by political machinery and under state guidance.". Bookseller Inventory # Embry 111206