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USIA: (The United States Information Agency); Communicating with the World in the 1990s: A Commemorative Symposium Held in Washington, D. C., February 23, 1994

Tuch, Hans N. (Editor)

Published by U.S. Information Agency Alumni Association, Washington, DC, 1994
Soft cover
From Ground Zero Books, Ltd. (Silver Spring, MD, U.S.A.)

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[6], 49, [1] p. 22 cm. Illustrations. Chronology. Bibliography The bibliography was prepared by Martin Manning. Published in coordination with The Public Diplomacy Foundation. From Wikipedia: "The United States Information Agency (USIA), which existed from 1953 to 1999, was a United States agency devoted to "public diplomacy". In 1999, USIA's broadcasting functions were moved to the newly created Broadcasting Board of Governors, and its exchange and non-broadcasting information functions were given to the newly created Under Secretary of State for Public Affairs and Public Diplomacy at the U.S. Department of State. The agency was previously known overseas as the United States Information Service. President Dwight D. Eisenhower established the United States Information Agency in 1953. The USIA's mission was "to understand, inform and influence foreign publics in promotion of the national interest, and to broaden the dialogue between Americans and U.S. institutions, and their counterparts abroad." In 1948, the Smith Mundt Act banned domestic distribution of propaganda intended for foreign audiences, but before 1972, the US government was allowed to distribute expressly domestic propaganda through Congress, independent media and schools. The United States Information Agency (USIA) was established "to streamline the U.S. government's overseas information programs, and make them more effective". The United States Information Agency was the largest full-service public relations organization in the world, spending over $2 billion per year to highlight America s view, while diminishing the Soviet s side through about 150 different countries. Its stated goals were: To explain and advocate U.S. policies in terms that are credible and meaningful in foreign cultures; To provide information about the official policies of the United States, and about the people, values and institutions which influence those policies; To bring the benefits of international engagement to American citizens and institutions by helping them build strong long-term relationships with their counterparts overseas; To advise the President and U.S. government policy-makers on the ways in which foreign attitudes will have a direct bearing on the effectiveness of U.S. policies. Propaganda played a large role in how the United States was viewed by the world during the Cold War. American propagandists felt as though the Hollywood movie industry was destroying the image of the United States in other countries. In response to the negative portrayal of America from communist propaganda the "USIA exist[ed] as much to provide a view of the world to the United States as it [did] to give the world a view of America." The purpose of the USIA within the United States was to ensure Americans that, "[t]he United States was working for a better world." Abroad, the USIA aimed to preserve a positive image of America regardless of negative depictions from communist propaganda. One notable example was Project Pedro, a secretly USIA-funded project to create newsreels in Mexico during the 1950s that portrayed Communism unfavorably and the United States positively. In order to accomplish the advisory portion of its mission, the agency conducted research on foreign public opinion about the U.S. and its policies, in order to inform the president and other key policymakers. The agency did this through public opinion surveys throughout the world. It then issued a variety of reports to government officials, including a twice-daily report on foreign media commentary around the world. From the beginning, Dwight Eisenhower said, audiences would be more receptive to the American message if they were kept from identifying it as propaganda. Avowedly propagandistic materials from the United States might convince few, but the same viewpoints presented by the seemingly independent voices would be more persuasive. According to the Kennedy memorandum, the USIA utilized various forms of media, including "pe. Bookseller Inventory # 67735

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Bibliographic Details

Title: USIA: (The United States Information Agency)...

Publisher: U.S. Information Agency Alumni Association, Washington, DC

Publication Date: 1994

Binding: Wraps

Edition: Presumded first edition/first printing.

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