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Uber die quantentheorie der strahlung.

BOHR, Niels, (1878-1968), Hendrik Anthony KRAMERS, (1894-1952) & John Clarke SLATER, (1900-1976).

Published by Zeitschrift fur physik, 24 (1924)., In:, 1924
From Jeff Weber Rare Books, ABAA (Carlsbad, CA, U.S.A.)

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Two volumes in one. 232 x 163 mm. 8vo. pp. 69-87. Navy cloth, gilt stamped spine; inner hinge split. Ex library Carnegie Institution of Washington Mount Wilson Observatory with call number gilt stamped on spine and library blind-stamp on front free end paper. Clean copy, handsomely bound. FINE. RARE. FIRST EDITION. "In January 1924, Niels Bohr, Hendrik Anton Kramers, and John Clarke Slater submitted . an article that contained drastic theoretical proposals concerning the interaction of light and matter. It was written after Compton's discovery, yet it rejected the photon." Pais, Subtle is the Lord, p. 416. "This program was not to be the right way out of the difficulties of the old quantum theory, yet the paper had a lasting impact in that it stimulated important experimental developments." Ibid., p. 418. "After Kramers had succeeded in extending the scope of the correspondence argument to the theory of optical dispersion - thus rounding off a treatment of the interaction of atomic systems with radiation that accounted for all emission, absorption, and scattering processes - Bohr ventured to propose a systematic formulation of the whole theory, in which what he called the virtual character of the classical model was emphasized. In this he was aided by Kramers and a young American visitor, J. C. Slater, and the new theory was published in 1924 under the authorship of all three. the most striking feature of this remarkable paper, 'The Quantum Theory of Radiation,' was the renunciation of the classical form of causality in favor of a purely statistical description. Even the distribution of energy and momentum between the radiation field and the 'virtual oscillators' constituting the atomic systems was assumed to be statistical, the conservation laws being fulfilled only on the average. This was going to far: the paper was hardly in print before A. H. Compton and A. W. Simon had established by direct experiment the strict conservation of energy and momentum in an individual process of interaction between atom and radiation. Nevertheless, this short-lived attempt exerted a profound influence on the course of events; what remained after its failure was the conviction that the classical mode of description of the atomic processes had to be entirely relinquished." (DSB, II, p. 247.) "[The] paper had profound influence. It emphasized the notion of virtual oscillators associated with quantum transition. This concept formed the basis for Kramers' theory of dispersion." DSB, VIII, p. 492. DSB, II, p. 247, 248, 338; III, p. 369; VII, p. 492; XVII, p. 396; Moore, Niels Bohr, p. 135; Moore, Schrodinger, pp. 161-163, 206; Pais, Subtle is the Lord, pp. 416-421, 441, 442. with: BORN, Max, (1882-1970) & Werner HEISENBERG, (1901-1976). "Uber den einfluss der deformierbarkeit der ionen auf optische und chemische konstanten. I." In: Zeitschrift fur physik, 23 (1924), pp. 388-410. Bookseller Inventory # S0011

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Bibliographic Details

Title: Uber die quantentheorie der strahlung.

Publisher: Zeitschrift fur physik, 24 (1924)., In:

Publication Date: 1924

Binding: Hardcover

Edition: 1st Edition

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