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Vrbis Romae topographia B. Marliani ad Franciscvm Regem Gallorvm eivsdem vrbis liberatorem invictvm. Adiecta priori eiusdem auctoris topographiae editioni in hoc opere sunt. Vrbis, atque insignium in ea aedificiorum descriptiones, compluràque alia memoratu digna. Errores nonnulli sublati. Tituli, inscriptionèsque non aliter, quàm ipsis inerant marmoribus, emendatissime expressi, qui ab aliis hactenus neglecto ordine, & perperam in lucem editi inveniuntur.Cum Priuilegio Pauli . III . Pont. Max. cuius exemplum in fine libri impressum est

Marliani, Bartolomeo (d. 1560)

Published by Valerio and Luigi Dorico,, Rome:, 1544
From Liber Antiquus Early Books & Manuscripts (Chevy Chase, MD, U.S.A.)

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Folio: [12], 122, [2] pp. A6, A-B4, C-L6 The First Appearance of the Palatino Topographical map of RomeAn Annotated Copy in Contemporary Limp Vellum Illustrated with 23 fine woodcut illustrations (of which five are full-paged), including a double-page map of Rome signed by the calligrapher Giovanni Battista Palatino (Frutaz 12). The map is of great importance in the history of Roman cartography, as it is the source for Bufalini?s plan of 1551, which in turn served the model for Nolli?s plan of 1748. The most famous and influential of the illustrations is a full-paged woodcut of the spectacular sculptural grouping of Laocoön and his sons, a Roman marble copy of a Hellenistic original, discovered in the Baths of Titus in January, 1506 and removed to the Vatican at the direction of Julius II. Other important works depicted include the Capitoline Wolf, a fifth-century masterpiece of Etruscan bronze casting; a fine cross-section of the Pantheon; Constantine?s Church of Santa Costanza.THE PALATINO MAP: The folding topographical map of Rome, signed by the calligrapher Giovanni Battista Palatino, is the first true topographical map of the city, showing the locations of the extant archaeological ruins, to appear in a printed book. It marks a great advance over the earlier, stylized ?maps? that appeared in Marco Fabio Calvo?s ?Simulacrum? (Rome: 1527), in which crude, largely symbolic representations of the monuments and geographical features floated, with little relationship to each other on a flat plain. By contrast, the Palatino map shows careful observation and delineation both of the monuments and the topographical features of the city. A significant advance, one that anticipates Bufalini?s plan of 1551, is the depiction of some of the major monuments in architectural plan. This allows us to see the precise orientation of the buildings with respect to the topography. The scale is expressed in stades; the Aurelian Walls are measured in both stades and passi.?Marliani?s map is the first scientifically designed topographical (ichnographic and orographic) map of Rome. Certainly Bufalini worked on it, or at least the creator of this map was able to profit from Bufalini?s surveys, as a comparison of the two plans shows.?(Frutaz, 12)?The source of the first Bufalini plan is the topographical map of Rome published by Bartolomeo Marliani inserted in the third edition (1544) of his ?Urbis Romae Topographia? (Rome: 1544), which has the same orientation and accuracy as Bufalini?s.?(Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani). ?The modest dimensions of [Marliani?s map] belie its historical importance as the first printed orthogonal plan of the city with all its elements shown to scale. Oriented with north at left (thereafter the predominant orientation for maps of Rome until the eighteenth-century), it is a streamlined presentation? Only those elements of Imperial Rome that were still visible in his own time, such as the Baths of Caracalla and the Colosseum, are represented visually, while those that had disappeared but whose locations he was able to glean from ancient authors are signalled in text. In this way, Marliani?s choices reflect the physical reality of the sixteenth-century city, so that his representation is not a reconstruction of ancient Rome per se, but rather a map of its contemporary twin from which he peeled away all later accretions to leave only the survivals from antiquity.?(Maier, Roma Renascens)The illustrations are as follows: the ancient city as established by Romulus, comprising the Palatine and the Capitoline hills (leaf A2); the ancient city comprising the Seven hills of Rome, Tiber Island, and the Janiculum (leaf A4); a two-page, folding map of the city and its environs at the time of Constantine, showing the major monuments (leaves B2-B3); the Capitoline Wolf (leaf C5); the Arch of Septimius Severus in the Roman Forum (leaf D6); a Corinthian column from the Temple of the Empress Faustina, wife of Antoninus Pius (leaf E1); Bookseller Inventory # 2474D

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Title: Vrbis Romae topographia B. Marliani ad ...

Publisher: Valerio and Luigi Dorico,, Rome:

Publication Date: 1544

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