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About this Item: Order of the Supreme Council, 33, N.J., Boston, 1866. pamphlet. Condition: good. First. 32 pages. Slim 8vo, original printed wrappers, spine a bit worn, wrappers chipped, wrappers lightly soiled, upper right corner margins throughout are lightly creased, back wrapper partially detached. Boston: Order of the Supreme Council, 33 degree, N.J., 1866. First Edition. Seller Inventory # 256713

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About this Item: 1806. No binding. Condition: Fine. Autograph Letter Signed, April 2, 1806. 4 pp. "Randolphs charges agt. Jefferson are that he recommended one thing in his private message, which he counteracted by his 'back door pimps' and obtained 2 Millions of Dollars to give Talleyrand, to open the door with Spain for Negotiation //- Also, for having nominated Gen.l Wilkinson Governor of upper Louisiana - blending the military with the civil.""R[andolph]- remarked in a reply to B[idwell], that he considered the 'half formed opinion, from the half bred Attorney, as not worthy an answer, unless it was to tell him, that he was like the rest of the political wood cocks, with which he associated, that had run their Bills in the mud, and therefore wished not to see, nor to be seen.' " Historical BackgroundOn December 3, 1805, Thomas Jefferson sent his fifth annual message to Congress. In that document, he proposed strengthening the militia and the Navy in response to the actions of European powers, including Spanish activities along the Florida-U.S. border. Three days later, Jefferson sent a confidential message to Congress recounting troubles with Spain arising from the Louisiana Purchase, and suggesting that France could arbitrate a boundary settlement over Spanish-held Florida. The House referred the president's secret message to a select committee chaired by John Randolph, whom the administration had unsuccessfully tried to oust as Ways and Means Committee chairman just a few days earlier. Meanwhile, Jefferson confided to Congressman Barnabas Bidwell and Secretary of the Treasury Albert Gallatin that he wanted Congress to pass a series of resolutions regarding Spanish offenses against the United States, after which Congress would secretly appropriate two million dollars to purchase Florida.Randolph convened the select committee on December 7, 1805, and Bidwell introduced a resolution authorizing the appropriation. Randolph believed that this reeked of intrigue and was thus a betrayal of Republican party principles; he quickly adjourned the committee. In subsequent meetings with Jefferson, Secretary of State James Madison, and Gallatin, Randolph stated that he would never support the secret appropriation. On January 11, 1806, the House voted down Randolph's report and three days later approved Bidwell's resolution. Randolph's split with the Jeffersonian Republicans was now permanent.On January 27, 1806, the U.S. Senate confirmed by a vote of 17 to 14 the appointment of the controversial General James Wilkinson as governor of the Louisiana Territory. Wilkinson would soon be implicated in the Burr conspiracy, in which former Vice President Aaron Burr apparently plotted the creation of an independent republic from lands of the Louisiana Territory, with himself to serve as president. Burr also may have planned to launch a military expedition against Spanish-held Mexico and incorporate that land within his empire.Transcript[in another hand] M.C [member of Congress] from New York, 1801-03April 2. 1806Gentlemen Randolphs charges agt. Jefferson are that he recommended one thing in his private message, which he counteracted by his "back door pimps" and obtained 2 Millions of Dollars to give Talleyrand, to open the door with Spain for Negotiation //- Also, for having nominated Gen.l Wilkinson Governor of upper Louisiana - blending the military with the civil. Also for having withheld the most important dispatches from Monroe until after the Secret Bill had passed, which if the house of Repre.s had, had before, the 2 Million Bill would not have been enacted into a Law. Against Madison, for making interest in favor of a douceur for Talleyrand and making the attempt to obtain the Money from the Treasury without an appropriation. Against Secy Smith for calling on merchants for their Notes which were discounted at Banks (on the good faith of Govert.) and the Monies appropriated without a Law. In a debate about taking off the injunction of secrec. (See website for full description). Autograph Letter Signed. Seller Inventory # 22274

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