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**Used**
**First Edition**

Quantity Available: 1

From: Lynge & Søn ILAB-LILA (Copenhagen, Denmark)

**Item Description: **(Leipzig, Johann Ambrosius Barth), 1924. 8vo. As issued. Offprint from "Annalen der Physik" IV. Folge, Bd. 74, 1924. With the author's presentation inscription to upper right corner of first leaf: "Hrn. Dr. Faxeén mit / best. Empfehl. d. verf.". Stapled spine with rust slightly affecting surrounding paper. A very fine and clean copy. Pp. (1), 578-627. First edition in the exceedingly rare offprint - with a most attractive presentation-inscription from Heisenberg to Swedish Hilding Faxén - an important contributor to the field - of Heisenberg's doctoral dissertation on the stability and turbulence of fluid flow, which "involved an approximate solution of the complicated equations governing the onset of hydrodynamic turbulence"(David C. Cassidy). It is widely regarded as being "the most important early paper devoted to this subject". (Yaglom, Hydrodynamics Instability and Transition to Turbulence).Hilding Faxén (1892 - 1970), Swedish physicist, received his doctorate in 1921 at Uppsala University with his thesis on "the influence of the container walls on the resistance against movement by a small ball in a viscous fluid". He formulated several basic equations mainly in hydrodynamics; the Faxén integral, the Faxén laws, the Faxén theorems and the Faxén-Waller theory.Heisenberg and Faxén most likely meet at the Institute of Theoretical Physics at the University of Copenhagen (Directed by Niels Bohr) where Heisenberg, From 17 September 1924 to 1 May 1925, studied under an International Education Board Rockefeller Foundation fellowship. Despite Sommerfeld positive evaluation of Heisenberg's thesis "In the handling of the present problem, Heisenberg shows once again his extraordinary abilities: complete command of the mathematical apparatus and daring physical insight" (Arnold Sommerfeld, evaluation of the thesis, 1923.) the oral presentation did not go as Heisenberg could have hoped for:":Acceptance of the dissertation brought admission of the candidate to the final orals, where in this case trouble began. The examining committee consisted of Sommerfeld and Wien, along with representatives in Heisenberg's two minor subjects, mathematics and astronomy. Much was at stake, for the only grades a candidate received were those based on the dissertation and final oral: one grade for each subject and one for overall performance. The grades ranged from I (equivalent to an A) to V (an F).As the 21-year-old Heisenberg appeared before the four professors on July 23, 1923, he easily handled Sommerfeld's questions and those in mathematics, but he began to stumble on astronomy and fell flat on his face on experimental physics. In his laboratory work Heisenberg had to use a Fabry-Perot interferometer, a device for observing the interference of light waves, on which Wien had lectured extensively. But Heisenberg had no idea how to derive the resolving power of the interferometer nor, to Wien's surprise, could he derive the resolving power of such common instruments as the telescope and the microscope. When an angry Wien asked how a storage battery works, the candidate was still lost. Wien saw no reason to pass the young man, no matter how brilliant he was in other fields." (Cassidy, Uncertainty)The result was that Heisenberg received the lowest of three passing grades in physics and the same overall grade (cum laude) for his doctorate, both of which were an average between Sommerfeld's highest grade and Wien's lowest grade.There is an interesting epilogue to the story. When Heisenberg derived the uncertainty relations several years later, he used the resolving power of the microscope to derive the uncertainty relations - and he still had difficulty with it. When Bohr pointed out the error, it led to emotional difficulties for Heisenberg. Likewise, this time a positive result came of the affair: Heisenberg's reaction induced Bohr to formulate his own views on the subject, which ultimately led to the so-called Copenhagen Interpretation of quantum mech. Bookseller Inventory # 53190

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Published by 1929-1930 (1929)

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From: Jeremy Norman's historyofscience (Novato, CA, U.S.A.)

**Item Description: **1929-1930, 1929. Heisenberg, Werner (1901-76) and Wolfgang Pauli (1900-1958). (1) Zur Quantendynamik der Wellenfelder. Offprint from Zeitschrift für Physik 56 (1929). 61pp. 231 x 160 mm. Original printed wrappers, spine repaired. (2) Zur Quantentheorie der Wellenfelder. II. Offprint from Zeitschrift für Physik 59 (1930). 168-190pp. 231 x 160 mm. Original printed wrappers, spine repaired with clear tape. Together 2 items. Small mark from paper clip on wrappers of no. (1), small tear in front wrapper of no. (2), but very good. First Editions, Offprint Issues. Heisenberg and Pauli’s two-part paper contains the first full-fledged relativistic quantum field theory, representing the "formal invention of quantum electrodynamics" (Miller, Early Quantum Electrodynamics: A Source Book, p. xiii). "This extremely technical and mathematical branch of quantum physics, the foundations of which were laid by Heisenberg, Dirac, Pauli, Jordan, and their colleagues during the late 1920s and early 1930s, continues to this day with much the same program and approach . . . [Heisenberg was] a leading member of the small band of abstract theorists who established the program and laid the foundations of relativistic quantum field theory as it has been pursued ever since" (Cassidy, Uncertainty: The Life and Science of Werner Heisenberg, p. 276). In this paper—the only one that Heisenberg and Pauli co-authored—the two physicists attempted to establish "a consistent extension of the quantum formalism that would yield a satisfactory unification of quantum mechanics and relativity theory . . . In 1929, drawing upon the work of Dirac, Jordan, Oskar Klein, and others, Heisenberg and Pauli succeeded in formulating a general gauge-invariant relativistic quantum field theory by treating particles and fields as separate entities interacting through the intermediaries of field quanta. The formalism led to the creation of a relativistic quantum electrodynamics, equivalent to that developed by Dirac, which, despite its puzzling negative energy states, seemed satisfactory at low energies and small orders of interaction. But at high energies, where particles approach closer than their radii, the interaction energy diverges to infinity. Even at rest, a lone electron interacting with its own field seemed to possess an infinite self-energy . . . Attention was directed to the resolution of such difficulties for more than two decades" (Dictionary of Scientific Biography). Mehra & Rechenberg, The Historical Development of Quantum Theory, 6, pp. 312-26. Bookseller Inventory # 43254

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From: Lynge & Søn ILAB-LILA (Copenhagen, Denmark)

**Item Description: **Berlin, Julius Springer, 1925-26. Bound in 4 nearly uniform contemp. hcloth. Edges a little rubbed. Stamp on title-pages. In "Zeitschrift für Physik. Hrsg. von Karl Scheel", Vols 33,34,35 and 36. VII,950;VII,953;VIII,954;VII,951 pp. The offered papers: pp. 879-893 (vol.33), pp. 858-888 (vol.34), pp.557-615 (vol.35) and pp.336-363 (vol. 36). Internally fine and clean. First printings of these four absolutely fundamental papers, which together MARK THE TURNING POINT IN THE FABRICATION OF A NEW PHYSICS, Quantum Mechanics, also called "Matrix Mechanics"."In May 1925, Heisenberg took on a new and difficult problem, the calculation of the line intensities of the hydrogen spectrum. Just as he had done with Kramers and Bohr, Heisenberg began with a Fourier analysis of the electron orbits. When the hydrogen orbit proved too difficult, he turned to the anharmonic oscillator. With a new multiplication rule relating the amplitudes and frequencies of the Fourier components to observed quantities, Heisenberg succeeded in quantizing the equations of motion for this system in close analogy with the classical equations of motion.in June Heisenberg returned to Göttingen, where he drafted his fundamental paper [the first paper offered], which he completed in July. In this paper Heisenberg proclaimed that the quantum mechanics of atoms should contain only relations between experimentally observable quantities. The resulting formalism served as the starting point for the new quantum mechanics, based, as Heisenberg's multiplication rule implied, on the manipulation of ordered sets of data forming a mathematical matrix.Born and his assistant, Pascual Jordan, quickly developed the mathematical content of Heisenberg's work into a consistent theory with the help of abstract matrix algebra [the second paper offered].Their work, in collaboration with Heisenberg, culminated in their "three-man paper" ["Dreimännerarbeit" - the third paper offered] that served as the foundation of matrix mechanics. Confident of the correctness of the new theory, Heisenberg, Pauli, Born, Dirac, and others began applying the difficult mathematical formalism to the solution of lingering problems." (DSB).In the last paper offered, the Pauli-paper, he shows that the hydrogen spectrum can be derived from the new theory. His starting-point constitutes, due to Lez, a method for integrating the classical equations of motion of a particle in a Coulomb field. Pauli's paper was received on January 17, 1926, but the main result must have been obtained before November 3, 1925, for on that date, Heisenberg writes Pauli: ".Ich brauche Ihnen wohl nicht zu schreiben, wie sehr ich mich über die neue Theorie des Wasserstoffs freue." Pauli's paper convinced most physicists that Quantum Mechanics is correct. (Van der Waerden). Bookseller Inventory # 39170

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Published by Julius Springer, Berlin (1925)

**Used**
**Hardcover**
**First Edition**

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From: Manhattan Rare Book Company, ABAA, ILAB (New York, NY, U.S.A.)

**Item Description: **Julius Springer, Berlin, 1925. Hardcover. Book Condition: Very Good. 1st Edition. FIRST EDITIONS of three papers that defined a discipline: THE THEORETICAL FOUNDATION FOR QUANTUM MECHANICS. "In May 1925, Heisenberg deliberately abandoned the classical picture of particles and orbits, and took a long, hard look at the mathematics that describes the associations between pairs of quantum states, without asking himself how the quantum entity gets from state A to state B. In the summer of 1925, working with Pasqual Jordan, Born translated Heisenberg's mathematical insight into the formal language of matrices, and Born, Heisenberg and Jordan together published a full account of the work, in what became known as the 'three-man paper'. The equations of Newtonian (classical) mechanics were replaced by similar equations involving matrices, and many of the fundamental concepts of classical mechanics- such as the conservation of energy- emerged naturally from the new equations. Matrix mechanics seemed to contain Newtonian Mechanics within itself, in much the same way that the equations of the general theory of relativity include the Newtonian description of gravity as a special case" (Gribben, Q is for Quantum). Heisenberg, Werner. Uber quantentheorestische Umdeutung kinematischer und mechanischer Beziehungen. Particle Physics: One Hundred Years of Discoveries: "Foundation of quantum mechanics, Heisenberg approach. Nobel Prize to W. Heisenberg awarded in 1932 'for the creation of quantum mechanics'". Heisenberg; Born, Max and Jordan, Pasqual. Zur Quantenmechanik.Particle Physics: One Hundred Years of Discoveries: "Invention of matrix formalism for the Heisenberg quantum mechanics. Systems with one degree of freedom." Heisenberg, Born, Jordan. Zur Quantenmechanik II. Particle Physics: One Hundred Years of Discoveries: "Development of matrix formalism for the Heisenberg quantum mechanics. Systems with arbitrary many degrees of freedom." IN: Zeitschrift fur Physik, Vols. 33 (pp. 879-893), 34 (858-888), 35 (557-615). Berlin: Julius Springer, 1925-1926. Octavo, volume 33 with half black cloth over marbled boards; volume 34 and 35 in half red cloth over red boards. Volume 33 is taller (wider margins) than the other two volumes. A few institutional stamps to preliminaries. All three volumes with stamps from the prestigious Gmelin Institute (after 1996, part of the Max Planck Institute). Overall, very good condition. Bookseller Inventory # 465

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Published by Julius Springer, Berlin

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**First Edition**

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From: Atticus Rare Books (West Branch, IA, U.S.A.)

**Item Description: **Julius Springer, Berlin. 1st Edition. FIRST EDITIONS OF THREE LANDMARK PAPERS THAT TOGETHER FORMED THE THEORETICAL FOUNDATION OF QUANTUM MECHANICS. "In spite of its high-sounding name and its successful solutions of numerous problems in atomic physics, quantum theory, and especially the quantum theory of polyelectronic systems, prior to 1925, was, from the methodological point of view, a lamentable hodgepodge of hypotheses, principles, theorems, and computational recipes rather than a logical consistent theory. Every single quantum-theoretic problem had to be solved first in terms of classical physics; its classical solution had then to pass through the mysterious sieve of the quantum conditions or, as it happened in the majority of cases, the classical solution had to be translated into the language of quanta in conformance with the correspondence principle? In short, quantum theory still lacked two essential characteristics of a full-fledged scientific theory, conceptual autonomy and logical consistency" (Jammer, The Conceptual Development of Quantum Mechanics, 196). The work of Heisenberg, Born, and Jordan in these papers began to rectify these issues and together marked the "starting point for the new quantum mechanics," also called matrix mechanics (DSB). "In May 1925, Heisenberg took on a new and difficult problem, the calculation of the line intensities of the hydrogen spectrum. Just as he had done with Kramers and Bohr, Heisenberg began with a Fourier analysis of the electron orbits. When the hydrogen orbit proved too difficult, he turned to the an harmonic oscillator. With a new multiplication rule relating the amplitudes and frequencies of the Fourier components to observed quantities, Heisenberg succeeded in quantizing the equations of motion for this system in close analogy with the classical equations of motion. In June Heisenberg returned to Göttingen, where he drafted his fundamental paper [the first paper offered], which he completed in July. In this paper Heisenberg proclaimed that the quantum mechanics of atoms should contain only relations between experimentally observable quantities. The resulting formalism served as the starting point for the new quantum mechanics, based, as Heisenberg's multiplication rule implied, on the manipulation of ordered sets of data forming a mathematical matrix. Born and his assistant, Pascual Jordan, quickly developed the mathematical content of Heisenberg's work into a consistent theory with the help of abstract matrix algebra [the second paper offered].Their work, in collaboration with Heisenberg, culminated in their "three-man paper" ["Dreimännerarbeit" - the third paper offered] that served as the foundation of matrix mechanics. Confident of the correctness of the new theory, Heisenberg, Pauli, Born, Dirac, and others began applying the difficult mathematical formalism to the solution of lingering problems" (DSB).ALSO INCLUDED in ZfP Volume 33 is a major milestone in gravitational wave theory: the Czech physicist Guido Beck's discovery of a family of exact solutions to the equations of general relativity representing gravitational waves with cylindrical symmetry (called 'Beck vacua' or 'cylindrical gravitational waves'). His paper, "Zur Theorie Binärer Gravitationsfelder" appears on pp. 713-738. CONDITION & DETAILS: In: Zeitschrift für Physik 33 (1925), 34 (1925), 35 (1926). 8vo. (9 x 6.25 inches; 225 x 156mm). Three full volumes. All but invisible ex-libris stamp on title pages; no other library markings whatsoever. Handsomely rebound in grey linen, gilt-tooled and lettered at the spine. Tightly and solidly bound. Very clean inside and out. Near fine condition. Bookseller Inventory # 9

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**Used**
**Hardcover**

Quantity Available: 1

From: Lynge & Søn ILAB-LILA (Copenhagen, Denmark)

**Item Description: **Berlin, Julius Springer, 1927. 8vo. Contemporary full cloth with gilt lettering to spine. A small paper-label pasted to lower part of spine. Very light edgewear. Corners a bit bumped. In: 'Zeitschrift für Physik', Volume 43, p.172-198. The entire volume offered, VII,936 pp. First appearance of the first announcement of Heisenberg's famous "Uncertainty Principle", stating that it is impossible to determine accurately and both members of specific pairs of atomic variables simultaneously, and that the minimum product of the two variables are proportional to Planck's constant 'h' - one of the most important and celebrated findings in modern physics."Heisenberg's paper 'On the physical content of the quantum theoretical kinematics and mechanics' was received by the publishers on 23 March, after Bohr had returned - and had correctly criticized some substantial points in the manuscript. All the same Heisenberg's work is on a par with his discovery paper of quantum mechanics and represents a most solid contribution to its interpretation. It is THE FIRST PAPER IN WHICH THE QUESTION OF WHAT IS OBSERVABLE AND WHAT IS NOT IS QUANTITATIVELY DISCUSSED IN THE CONTEXT OF QUANTUM MECHANICS. His work marks the beginning of a subject on which volumes have since been written: the measurement problem in quantum physics." (Pais in "Niels Bohr's Times", p. 304). Bookseller Inventory # 43294

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Published by Berlin : J. Springer (1925)

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**Hardcover**

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From: Sequitur Books (Boonsboro, MD, U.S.A.)

**Item Description: **Berlin : J. Springer, 1925. Hardcover. Book Condition: Used: Very Good. 2 Volumes. Band 34 and 37. Bound in modern 3/4 crushed red Moroccan leather. Red cloth boards. TEG. Gilt spine. 5 raised bands. Fine binding and cover. Clean, unmarked pages. Ships daily. Band 34 contains "Uber die physikalischen Konsequenzen der relativistischen Axiomatik" p. 32?48 by Hans Reichenbach and "Zur Quantenmechanik" p. 858-888 by Max Born and Pasqual Jordan. Band 37 contains the first Russian paper on matrix mechanics, "Zur Quantenmechanik des rotators", 685-688 by Igor Tamm, Anwendung der Quantenmechanik auf das Problem der anomalen Zeemaneffekte by Pasqual Jordan; Werner Heisenberg, 263-277 and Zur Quantenmechanik der Stossvorgange by Max Born, 863-867. Max Born's paper would he first to clearly enunciate the probabilistic interpretation of the quantum wavefunction, which had been introduced by Erwin Schrodinger. It would be criticize by Schrodinger but lead to Einstein's quote in a letter "He [God] does not play dice". Bookseller Inventory # 1507150012

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**Used**

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From: Atticus Rare Books (West Branch, IA, U.S.A.)

**Item Description: **FIRST EDITION, FIRST PRINTING of Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle, one of the most significant discoveries in all of modern physics and "one of the most famous and important aspects of quantum mechanics," (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).From the moment of publication, the Uncertainty Principle marked the end to deterministic theories of physics and since, has played a critical role in any and allscientific theories or technologies that follow from quantum mechanics. In its simplest form, Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle, or quantum mechanical principle, states that it is not possible to simultaneously determine the position and momentum of a particle. Moreover, "the more precisely the position is determined, the less precisely the momentum is known in this instant, and vice versa" ("Uber den anschaulichen," 1927). This principle applies even to particles that are not interacting with other systems, in other words, that are NOT being "observed." Heisenberg's discoveries punctured the firmly held belief that the universe and everything in it operates like clockwork. To predict the workings of the "clock," one needs to measure its qualities and parts at a specific point in time. Classical physics assumed that the precision of measuring is theoretically unlimited. But Heisenberg stated that since you could never with great certainty measure more than one property of a particle, you could only work with probability and mathematical formulations. This was "the first paper in which the question of what is observable and what is not is quantitatively discussed in the context of quantum mechanics" (Pais, Niels Bohr's Times, 304). The implications of Heisenberg's efforts were extraordinary and in 1932 he received the Nobel Prize.ALSO INCLUDES: Wolfgang Pauli's "Zur Quantenmechanik des magnetischen Elektrons", pp. 601-632. CONDITION & DETAILS: 4to. (9.25 x 6.25 inches; 231 x 156mm). [vii], 936pp. Bound in a bluish, dark grey buckram; very light edge wear to the boards; tightly and very solidly bound. Bears no library markings whatsoever; NOT ex-libris. Minor age toning throughout. There is a barely visible area in the margin of the Heisenberg where at some point, a lightly penciled notation was apparently erased; as said, it is quite difficult to see. Very good condition. Bookseller Inventory # 597

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Published by Julius Springer, Berlin (1926)

**Used**
**Soft cover**
**First Edition**

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From: Manhattan Rare Book Company, ABAA, ILAB (New York, NY, U.S.A.)

**Item Description: **Julius Springer, Berlin, 1926. Soft cover. Book Condition: Very Good. 1st Edition. FIRST EDITION IN ORIGINAL WRAPPERS of the famous "three-man paper," the first, complete, self-consistent description of quantum mechanics. "In 1925, after an extended visit to Bohr's Institute of Theoretical Physics at the University of Copenhagen, Heisenberg tackled the problem of spectrum intensities of the electron taken as an anharmonic oscillator (a one-dimensional vibrating system). His position that the theory should be based only on observable quantities was central to his paper of July 1925, "Über quantentheoretische Umdeutung kinematischer und mechanischer Beziehungen" ("Quantum-Theoretical Reinterpretation of Kinematic and Mechanical Relations"). Heisenberg's formalism rested upon noncommutative multiplication; Born, together with his new assistant Pascual Jordan, realized that this could be expressed using matrix algebra, which they used in a paper submitted for publication in September as "Zur Quantenmechanik" ("On Quantum Mechanics"). By November, Born, Heisenberg, and Jordan had completed "Zur Quantenmechanik II" ("On Quantum Mechanics II"), colloquially known as the "three-man paper," which is regarded as the foundational document of a new quantum mechanics" (Britannica's Guide to the Nobel Prizes). Particle Physics: One Hundred Years of Discoveries: "Development of matrix formalism for the Heisenberg quantum mechanics. Systems with arbitrary many degrees of freedom." Provenance: With ownership signature on front wrapper of E.F. Barker, noted American physicist who worked primarily at the University of Michigan. IN: Zeitschrift für Physik, Band 35, February 1926, pp. 557-615. Berlin: Julius Springer, 1926. Octavo, original wrappers; custom box. A few creases to wrappers, chips to spine. RARE in original wrappers. Bookseller Inventory # 1276

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Published by Gauithier-Villars et Cie., Paris (1928)

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**Softcover**

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From: The Book Gallery (Jerusalem, Israel)

**Item Description: **Gauithier-Villars et Cie., Paris, 1928. RARE publication of papers and discussions that took place at the Fifth Solvay International Conference on Electrons and Photon in October 1927, where the world's most notable physicists met to discuss the newly formulated quantum theory. The leading figures were Albert Einstein and Niels Bohr. Seventeen of the twenty-nine attendees were or became Nobel Prize winners, including Marie Curie, who alone among them, had won Nobel Prizes in two separate scientific disciplines. This conference was also the culmination of the struggle between Einstein and the scientific realists, who wanted strict rules of scientific method as laid out by Charles Peirce and Karl Popper, versus Bohr and the instrumentalists, who wanted looser rules based on outcomes; the instrumentalists won, instrumentalism having been seen as the norm ever since. Contains H.A.Lorentz's portrait as frontispiece. [CONTENTS]: H.-A.Lorentz - Notice nécrologique; Cinquieme Conseil de Physique / W.-L.Bragg - L'intensit de reflexion des rayons X / Arthur H.Compton - Discordances entre l'experience et la theorie electro-magnetique du rayonnement / de Broglie - La nouvelle dynamique des quanta / Max Born et Werner Heisenberg - La mecanique des quanta / Erwin Schrödinger - La mecanique des ondes / Niels Bohr - Le postulat des quanta et le nouveau development de l'automatisme. 255x165mm. VIII+289 pages [+7]. Softcover. Cover detached, yellowing, wrinkled and tattered. Front cover right bottom and left upper corners, rear cover bottom edges and right upper corner, and spine partly missing. Small sticker on rear cover left bottom corner. Spine worn and stained. Binding slightly loose. Several last pages coming loose from binding. Pages upper corner wrinkled. Pages yellowing. [SUMMARY]: This rare book, one of the most significant historical documents of modern science, is otherwise in good condition. PLEASE NOTE: This book's cover is very worn, loose or missing. If you'd like, we can send this book to be rebound for an extra charge. The book is in : French. Bookseller Inventory # MA 16 21

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**Hardcover**

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From: Antiquariat Stammerjohann (Hamburg, HAM, Germany)

**Item Description: **The meaning of beauty in exact natural science. Vortrag vor der Bayerischen Akademie der Schönen Künste. Übetragung ins Englische von Enrico Cantore, New York. Mit drei signierten ganzseitigen Original-Farblithographien von Max Ernst. Stuttgart, Belser-Presse (= 7. Druck der Belser-Presse) 1971. Folio. 79(5) S. , 3 Tafeln. Handgebundener Orig.-Leinenbd. mit Cellophan-Umschlag. In handgefertigem Orig.-Schuber. Erste Buchausgabe. - Spies-Leppin 198 D. - Eins von 185 num. Exemplaren. - Getrüffeltes Exemplar, bei dem neben dem Druckvermerk alle Lithographien von Max Ernst signiert wurden. - Druck der Lithographien auf Bütten durch Pierre Chave, in Vence. - Sehr schönes Exemplar. Bookseller Inventory # 216115

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**Hardcover**
**First Edition**

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From: Lynge & Søn ILAB-LILA (Copenhagen, Denmark)

**Item Description: **Berlin, Julius Springer, 1925. 8vo. Bound in full cloth with library label to lower part of spine and library stamps to front free end paper. In "Zeitschrift für Physik, 33. Band, 1925". Front boards very loose and spine almost detached. Internally fine and clean. [Heisenberg) Pp. 879-893. [Entire issue: VII, (1), 950 pp.]. First printing of Heiseberg's seminal and groundbreaking paper which laid the foundation for matrix mechanics and thereby giving birth to modern quantum mechanics; a theory that states quantum mechanics should be based "exclusively on relationship between quantities which in principle are observable" (From the abstract). "The alternative, which he [Heisenberg] chose in his historic paper [the present] and which led to the development of matrix machanics, the earliest formulation of modern quantum mechanics, abandoned Bohr's description of motion in terms of classical physics altogether and replaced it by a description in terms of what Heisenberg regarded as observable magnitudes" (Jammer, The Conceptual Development of Quantum Mechanics, P. 197)."After nearly two weeks on Helgoland, Heisenberg returned to Göttingen, where he drafted his fundamental paper "Über die quantentheoretische Umdeutung kinematischer und mechanischer Beziehungen," which he completed in July. In this paper Heisenberg proclaimed that the quantum mechanics of atoms should contain only relations between experimentally observable quantities. Theresulting formalism served as the starting point for the new quantum mechanics, based, as Heisenberg's multiplication rule implied, on the manipulation of ordered sets of data forming a mathematical matrix." (DSB)Before Heisenberg's discovery the Bohr-Sommerfeld quantum theory was the leading theory. By the early 1920's most physicists agreed that the Bohr-Sommerfeld theory had problems and that there was a need to replace it with a new quantum theory. Heisenberg's main achievement was to replace the idea of orbital path with what could be observed, namely the light emitted and absorbed by the atoms. Because of the unfamiliar mathematics which Heisenberg's new theory used, several physicists had doubts about its consistency. But Max Born soon realized that the laws, which the theory relied on, were the same as the laws, which apply to matrix algebra. In 1925 Born and his student Pascual Jordan published "Zur Quantenmechanik" which reformulated Heisenbergs theory in terms of matrices, in the special case of one degree of freedom. With "Zur Quantenmechanik II" (or the "Three Man Paper") published 1926, Heisenberg, Born and Jordan described the new theory in the general case of arbitrarely many freedom degrees. Bookseller Inventory # 45483

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Published by Julius Springer, Berlin, 1929-1930

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**Hardcover**
**First Edition**

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From: Charles Parkhurst Rare Books, Inc. ABAA (Sun City West, AZ, U.S.A.)

**Item Description: **Julius Springer, Berlin, 1929-1930. Hard Cover. First Edition. In "Zeitschrift fur Physik" Vol. 56, 1-61pp. and Vol. 59, 168-190pp; bound in blue cloth, spine lettering and call letters gilt; stamp of the Mount Wilson Observatory on front free endpaper, no other library markings. Both volumes are fine and housed in a custom clamshell. These are the only papers on which Heisenberg and Pauli, both Nobel Laureates in Physics (1932 and 1945) collaborated. These are unquestionably important early works in the development of relativistic quantum electrodynamic theory. Bookseller Inventory # 0775

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Published by Julius Springer, Berlin (1925)

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**Hardcover**
**First Edition**

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From: Milestones of Science Books (Ritterhude, Germany)

**Item Description: **Julius Springer, Berlin, 1925. Hardcover. Book Condition: Very Good. 1st Edition. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. In: Zeitschrift für Physik. Vol. 33, pp. 879-893. Berlin: J. Springer, 1925. 8vo (22,5x16 cm). Whole vol. with 256 text illustr. and vii, 950 pp. Volume title with library stamp and shelf number. Contemp. half cloth with gilt spine and remnants of glue on spine. ---- PMM 417b; Poggendorff VI, 1070 - First edition of Heisenberg's groundbreaking paper announcing the invention of quantum mechanics, published in the "Zeitschrift für Physik" on July 25, 1925. - Entire volume, also includes two papers on quantum theory by Max Born and Pascal Jordan: "Zur Quantentheorie aperiodischer Vorgänge", pp. 479-508. (cf. DSB XV, 41). ---- Erste Ausgabe der grundlegenden Untersuchung. "Mit ihr war das Fundament der neuen, mit nicht vertauschbaren Größen operierenden Quantenmechanik geschaffen, die mit einem Schlag alle Unstimmigkeiten der älteren Theorie beseitigte" (DBE). - Im vollständigen Band, darin auch die beiden Arbeiten "Zur Quantentheorie aperiodischer Vorgänge" von M. Born u. P. Jordan (S. 479-508). Bookseller Inventory # 001726

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**Used**
**Softcover**
**First Edition**

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From: Jeremy Norman's historyofscience (Novato, CA, U.S.A.)

**Item Description: **1947. Heisenberg, Werner (1901-76). Research in Germany on the technical application of atomic energy. Offprint from Nature 160 (1947). 10, [1]pp. 212 x 145 mm. Without wrappers as issued. Fine copy. First Edition in English, Offprint Issue. During World War II Heisenberg was one of the principal scientists leading research and development in Germany’s nuclear energy program. At that time the Allies had no idea of how far Germany had progressed in the quest to build a nuclear reactor, but given Germany’s leading role in the advancement of nuclear physics they had every reason to believe that the Nazis were ahead of the game—in fact, the fear of a German "atom bomb" was one of the main reasons behind the establishment of the Manhattan Project. This fear turned out to be groundless: Due to a combination of factors, including Hitler’s dislike of "Jewish science" and the "White Jew" Heisenberg, Germany had fallen far behind the United States in the development of nuclear energy. fter the bombing of Hiroshima Heisenberg became one of the primary crafters of Germany’s official account of its wartime nuclear energy program. In December 1946 he published his first postwar summary of the program in the journal Naturwissenschaften; the present English translation, slightly abridged from the German, appeared in Nature the following August. In the summary Heisenberg argued that Germany’s failure to advance its nuclear program was due both to enormous technical difficulties and to the lack of political and financial support; he also played up his own role in slowing down the project by quashing Nazi officials’ hopes for the imminent development of atomic weapons. "Heisenberg’s self-serving account parallels but overinterprets actual events. He especially did try to maintain scientific control over the [nuclear energy] project. He was also aware of the theoretical possibility of a nuclear explosive by late 1941, he did not demand a crash research and development to build one, and he did seem content to work for the rest of the war on the more modest program of building a reactor. It is difficult to assess his intentions and motives beyond that. But from what we know of his activities and research, there is nothing to support the notion that Heisenberg actually hindered the project in any way to keep an explosive out of Hitler’s hands or even that he himself had that much control of the situation" (Cassidy, Uncertainty: The Life and Science of Werner Heisenberg, p. 510). Bookseller Inventory # 43266

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From: Jeremy Norman's historyofscience (Novato, CA, U.S.A.)

**Item Description: **1925. Kramers-Heisenberg Formula—Stepping Stone to the New Quantum Mechanics Kramers, Hendrik Anthony (1894-1952) and Werner Heisenberg (1901-76). Über die Streuung von Strahlung durch Atome. Offprint from Zeitschrift für Physik 31 (1925). 681-708pp. Original printed wrappers. Light toning, but fine. First Edition, Offprint Issue. During his 1924 visit to Bohr’s Institute for Theoretical Physics in Copenhagen, Heisenberg and Bohr’s assistant H. A. Kramers worked together on the problem of atomic structure from the point of view of dispersion theory. "At first, this interest might appear strange because the problems of atomic structure, say, e.g., the calculation of the energy states of helium, would not seem to have any connection with the scattering of light by atoms, which was the principal concern of dispersion theory. However, Bohr and his collaborators had concluded that the problem of atomic structure could not be separated from the problem of the emission and absorption of radiation—and this could be considered as a problem of the dispersion of radiation" (Mehra & Rechenberg, Historical Development of Quantum Theory, 2, p. 170). Kramers and Heisenberg’s joint paper on the dispersion of light by atoms contained the important Kramers-Heisenberg dispersion formula, an expression of the cross section for scattering of a photon by an atomic electron; among other things, the formula explained the phenomenon of inelastic scattering, anticipating the Raman effect. Heisenberg’s work on this paper "was the final touch needed for [him] to fabricate quantum mechanics six months later" (Cassidy, Uncertainty: The Life and Science of Werner Heisenberg, p. 188). Bookseller Inventory # 43379

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From: Lynge & Søn ILAB-LILA (Copenhagen, Denmark)

**Item Description: **Berlin, J. Springer, 1932-33. 8vo. Volume 77 and 78 bound in two uniform contemporary half cloth bindings with gilt lettering to spine. Volume 30 in a contemporary full cloth binding with black leather title-label to spine. Volume 78 and 78 with minor wear to spine, internally two very nice and clean copies. Volume 80 with wear to spine and minor overall soiling to extremities. Ex-library copy with library stamp [Bedford College] to pasted down front free end-paper and title page. Internally a clean copy. [Über den Bau der Atomkernen I, Vol. 77:] Pp. 1-11. [Über den Bau der Atomkernen II, Vol. 78:] Pp. 156-164. [Über den Bau der Atomkernen III, Vol. 80:] Pp. 587-596. [Entire volumes: VIII, 837 pp.; VIII, 857 pp.; VIII, 844 pp.]. First printing of Heisenberg's groundbreaking neutron-proton model. The three papers "mark the transition to the modern view on nuclear forces." (Pais. Inward Bound. P. 413). Shortly after Chadwick discovered the neutron in 1932, Heisenberg developed a theory suggesting that atomic nuclei are composed of protons and neutrons. This introduced the concept of the nuclear exchange force and isotopic spin."Soon after the discovery of the neutron in 1932 [By Chadwick], Heisenberg developed a neutron-proton model of the nucleus by introducing the concept of the nuclear exchange force and the formalism of isotopic spin. Nonrelativistic quantum mechanics could be applied to the nucleus, Heisenberg showed, as long as long as on did not consider the structure of nucleons. Heisenberg's work served as the basis for contemporary nuclear physics, of fields. In 1935 Heisenberg and his assistants, especially Weizsäcker. Heisenberg preferred to continue the search for a consistent quantum physics, much of which was pursued by his assistant Hans Euler discovered that nonlinear interactions in positron theory, which yielded photonphoton scattering, could be represented by treating the electron as possessing a minimum size, below which the interferences predominated." (DSB).Heisenberg played an important role in the unsuccessful attempt German attempt to build a nuclear reactor.The three volumes contain numerous important contributions by contemporary physicians. Bookseller Inventory # 44765

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Published by Stuttgart Belser-Presse (1971)

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From: Antiquariat Eckert & Kaun GbR (Bremen, Germany)

**Item Description: **Stuttgart Belser-Presse, 1971. Folio, 79 (3) S., 1 Bl. mit drei Lithographien, Orig.-Leinen m. Orig.-Leinenschuber. Eines von 185 (gesamt 205) nummerierten und vom Künstler im Impressum signierten Exemplaren.- Spies-Leppin 198 D I-II; Spindler, Typen 64.7.- (= Siebenter Druck der Belser-Presse).- Tadelloses Exemplar. Bookseller Inventory # 45711

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Published by Berlin, Julius Springer (1927)

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From: JF Ptak Science Books (Hendersonville, NC, U.S.A.)

**Item Description: **Berlin, Julius Springer, 1927. Hardcover. Book Condition: Very Good. First Appearance of the Uncertainty Principle. “The more precisely the position is determined, the less precisely the momentum is known in this instant, and vice versa.”--Heisenberg, uncertainty paper, 1927 (from the American Institute of Physics website)** In:Zeitschrift für Physik, Volume 43, p.172-198. The entire volume offered, vii,936 pp. Contemporary cloth-backed marbled boards with cloth tips, nicely gilt stamped. An ex-library copy with only their bookplate and a half-faded-away rubberstamp on the title page. A fine, tight copy. “The uncertainty principle is certainly one of the most famous and important aspects of quantum mechanics. It has often been regarded as the most distinctive feature in which quantum mechanics differs from classical theories of the physical world. Roughly speaking, the uncertainty principle (for position and momentum) states that one cannot assign exact simultaneous values to the position and momentum of a physical system. Rather, these quantities can only be determined with some characteristic ‘uncertainties’ that cannot become arbitrarily small simultaneously.”--Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy “Heisenberg introduced his now famous relations in an article of 1927, entitled "Ueber den anschaulichen Inhalt der quantentheoretischen Kinematik und Mechanik". A (partial) translation of this title is: "On the anschaulich content of quantum theoretical kinematics and mechanics". Here, the term anschaulich is particularly notable. Apparently, it is one of those German words that defy an unambiguous translation into other languages. Heisenberg's title is translated as "On the physical content " by Wheeler and Zurek (1983). His collected works (Heisenberg, 1984) translate it as "On the perceptible content ", while Cassidy's biography of Heisenberg (Cassidy, 1992), refers to the paper as "On the perceptual content ". Literally, the closest translation of the termanschaulich is ‘visualizable’. But, as in most languages, words that make reference to vision are not always intended literally. Seeing is widely used as a metaphor for understanding, especially for immediate understanding. Hence, anschaulich also means ‘intelligible’ or ‘intuitive’ English translation in (Wheeler, J.A. and Zurek, W.H. (eds), Quantum Theory and Measurement (Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press). 1983 pp. 62-84. Bookseller Inventory # ABE-7859909790928413170

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From: Lynge & Søn ILAB-LILA (Copenhagen, Denmark)

**Item Description: **Berlin, J. Springer, 1932-33. 8vo. Bound together in recent attractive marbled boards. Leather title-label with gilt lettering on front board. Title-pages from the three volumes withbound (small rubberstamp). (11),(9),(12) pp. First edition of Heisenberg's neutron-proton model. Shortly after Chadwick discoverd the neutron in 1932, Heisenberg developed a theory suggesting that atomic nuclei are composed of protons and neutrons, -this introduced the concept of the nuclear exchange force and isotopic spin. (DSB 17: p.398). Bookseller Inventory # 26607

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Published by Greenwood Press Reprint (1970)

ISBN 10: 0837131073 ISBN 13: 9780837131078

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From: Ergodebooks (RICHMOND, TX, U.S.A.)

**Item Description: **Greenwood Press Reprint, 1970. Hardcover. Book Condition: New. 1St Edition. Bookseller Inventory # DADAX0837131073

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Published by The University of Chicago Press (2001)

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From: Books Express (Portsmouth, NH, U.S.A.)

**Item Description: **The University of Chicago Press, 2001. Hardcover. Book Condition: Used: Good. We ship International with Tracking Number! May not contain Access Codes or Supplements. Buy with confidence, excellent customer service! j. Bookseller Inventory # XH0085I464D

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Published by Belser-Presse, Stuttgart (1971)

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From: Des livres autour (Julien Mannoni) (Paris, PARIS, France)

**Item Description: **Belser-Presse, Stuttgart, 1971. Cartonnage Éditeur. Book Condition: Très bon. Max Ernst (illustrator). Ed. originale. In-folio. Stuttgart, Belser-Presse, 1971. 39,5 x 30 cm, in-folio, 79 pp. - 3 lithographies en couleurs hors texte, cartonnage et étui de l'éditeur en pleine toile bise, pièces de titre. Edition originale de cette conférence donnée à l'Académie bavaroise des Beaux-Arts de Munich le 9 juillet 1970. Texte bilingue allemand / anglais. Tirage à 205 exemplaires. Celui-ci l'un des 20 hors commerce, signé au colophon par Max Ernst. Les lithographies ont été tirées par Pierre Chave à Vence. Etui partiellement bruni, quelques infimes rousseurs à la tranche de gouttière. Signé par l'illustrateur. Bookseller Inventory # 1860

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Published by Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York (1985)

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From: Secret Knowledge Books (Tualatin, OR, U.S.A.)

**Item Description: **Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 1985. Hard Cover. Book Condition: Very Good. Dust Jacket Condition: Very Good. First Edition. 8vo - over 7? - 9? tall. 4 thick oversize volumes, XI, 633 pp; X, 717 pp; X, 700 pp; X, 937 pp. cloth hardcover with dustjacket, Heisenberg's complete published scientific papers, reproduced in facsimile, including several top secret papers on the Nazi nuclear project. Text in German and English. Slight un-evenness of the bookblock of serie A vols 2 and 3. A very good set, not ex-library copy. 8vo - over 7? - 9? tall. Bookseller Inventory # 001583

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From: Lynge & Søn ILAB-LILA (Copenhagen, Denmark)

**Item Description: **Berlin, Julius Springer, 1929 u. 1930. Bound in 2 contemp. uniform hcloth over marbled boards. A stamp to top of titlepages. Gilt lettering to spine. In: "Zeitschrift für Physik. Herausgegeben von Karl Scheel", 56. und 59. Band. VII,867 pp. u. VII,874 pp. (2 entire volumes offered). Heisenberg & Pauli's paper: pp. 1-61 a. pp. 168-190. Internally clean and fine. First appearance of these two papers of seminal importence as Heisenberg and Pauli here laid the foundation , by using a new method, for the quantum field theory, and gave the "relativistic formulation of quantum electrodynamics in the presence off charges and currents"(Pais). They were the first to attempt a general formulation of quantum electrodynamics by setting up a general scheme for the quantization of fields which they hoped would be applicable to the Maxwell field.In the papers they also introduced what is today called "gauge fixing", which from then on are among the precious tools of field theory."Heisenberg and Pauli thus established the basic structure of QFT which can be found in any introduction to QFT up to the present day" (Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy). Bookseller Inventory # 48182

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From: Lynge & Søn ILAB-LILA (Copenhagen, Denmark)

**Item Description: **Berlin, Julius Springer, 1929 u. 1930. Bound in 2 contemp. uniform hcloth. Spine ends a bit worn, cloth broken on fronthinge to vol. 56. (binding not loose). In: "Zeitschrift für Physik. Herausgegeben von Karl Scheel", 56. und 59. Band. VII,867 pp. u. VII,874 pp. (2 entire volumes offered). Heisenberg & Pauli's paper: pp. 1-61 a. pp. 168-190. Internally clean. First appearance of these two papers of seminal importence as Heisenberg and Pauli here laid the foundation, by using a new method, for the quantum field theory, and gave the "relativistic formulation of quantum electrodynamics in the presence off charges and currents"(Pais). They were the first to attempt a general formulation of quantum electrodynamics by setting up a general scheme for the quantization of fields which they hoped would be applicable to the Maxwell field.In the papers they also introduced what is today called "gauge fixing", which from then on are among the precious tools of field theory."Heisenberg and Pauli thus established the basic structure of QFT which can be found in any introduction to QFT up to the present day" (Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy). Bookseller Inventory # 48904

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Published by Julius Springer, Berlin

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From: Atticus Rare Books (West Branch, IA, U.S.A.)

**Item Description: **Julius Springer, Berlin. 1st Edition. FIRST EDITION, FIRST ISSUE OF TWO SEMINAL PAPERS: Heisenberg's groundbreaking contribution to magnetism and to the identification of the quantum mechanical exchange energy. "Heisenberg's masterly contribution in magnetism lies in identifying the quantum mechanical exchange energy, first appearing in the context of chemical bonding and spectroscopy, to be of central importance in explaining ferromagnetism? The question was this: If every atom has an outer cloud of electrons, then how do atoms approach each other to form a chemical bond? It was Heisenberg who showed that the interaction between electrons, called the exchange energy," was the key (ibid., 60). His "exchange interaction" is a force generated solely by the exchange of positions of two totally indistinguishable quantum particles - "a quantum mechanical effect which increases or decreases the expectation value of the energy or distance between two or more identical particles when their wave functions overlap" (Wikipedia). In the early 20th century physicists did not understand ferromagnetism on an atomic basis. "It was Heisenberg's work in the late 1920's that filled this void. To accomplish this, quantum mechanics had to be discovered first? It was indeed in the fitness of things that the quantum dynamics of the electron left an imprint on another area, namely magnetism, which too had to do with the magnetic effects of electron dynamics" (ibid., 58). What Heisenberg began to understand was the connection between ferromagnetism and electron bonding, two areas that most physicists believed were wholly unconnected phenomena. "It was Heisenberg, who saw the connection and established it in two seminal papers, written in 1926 and 1928 [the two papers offered here]" (Chatterjee, "Heisenberg and Ferromagnetism," Resonance, 2004, 63-64). CONDITION & DETAILS: Berlin: Julius Springer. 4to. (9 x 6.5 inches; 225 x 163mm). Two full volumes. Zeitschrift für Physik Volumes 39 and 49. Handsomely bound in black cloth over marbled paper boards; library labels removed with slight ghosting visible. Very minor rubbing at the edges on Volume 39. Both tightly and solidly bound. Near pristine throughout the interior. Bookseller Inventory # 217

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Published by Zeitschrift fur physik, 1 2-1933, In: (1933)

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From: Jeff Weber Rare Books, ABAA (Carlsbad, CA, U.S.A.)

**Item Description: **Zeitschrift fur physik, 1 2-1933, In:, 1933. hardcover. 1 FIRST EDITION of the final mathematical model of the atom. After Chadwick had discovered the neutron, Heisenberg was the FIRST TO STATE THAT THIS DISCOVERY ELIMINATED THE NEED FOR ASSUMING THE PRESENCE OF ELECTRONS IN THE NUCLEUS OF AN ATOM. Bohr and Heisenberg received word of Chadwick's discovery of the neutron in the middle of March 1932. Within three months of hearing of the neutron, Heisenberg succeeded in using it as the basis of a semiquantitative explanation of the composition and stability of nuclei. The discovery of the neutron made it possible to change the relation between nuclear physics and the domain of unsolved problems. A substantial number of nuclear problems now became solvable by ordinary quantum mechanics. The achievement of Heisenberg was to see this possibility and find a way to give it formal expression. "Three papers by Heisenberg completed in the latter half of 1932 mark the transition to the modern view on nuclear forces. These articles, important though they are, must not be considered as a clean break with the past, however. Heisenberg's nuclear theory is a hybrid of the old and the new. It has the virtue of being based on the proton-neutron model of the nucleus, but the drawback of a proton-electron model for the neutron. The key to understanding Heisenberg's 1932 papers is simply this: at that time he sided with Bohr." Pais, Inward bound. Bromberg, The impact of the neutron; Hahn, Autobiography, p. 272; Pais, Inward bound, p. 413. Three volumes. 8vo. 77, (1932), pp. 1-11; 78 (1932), pp. 156-64; 80 (1933), pp. 587-596. Navy cloth, gilt stamped spine. Ex library Carnegie Institution of Washington Mount Wilson Observatory with call number gilt stamped on spine and library blind-stamp on front free end paper. Clean copy, handsomely bound; covers lightly freckled, else fine. RARE. Bookseller Inventory # S0439

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Published by Julius Springer, Berlin

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From: Atticus Rare Books (West Branch, IA, U.S.A.)

**Item Description: **Julius Springer, Berlin. 1st Edition. First editions of the three papers in which heisenberg formulated the final mathematical model of the atom -- the neutron-proton model for the atomic nucleus - and the papers in which he introduced the concept of nucleon isotropic spin (later named "isospin"). The books bear the stamp of Friedrich Hermann Hund, a German physicist well-known for his work on atoms and molecules. "After Chadwick had discovered the neutron, Heisenberg was the first to state that this discovery eliminated the need for assuming the presence of electrons in the nucleus of an atom" (Pais). Chadwick's discovery "made it possible to change the relation between nuclear physics and the domain of unsolved problems. A substantial number of nuclear problems now became solvable by ordinary quantum mechanics" (ibid). Still, "once it was accepted that the nucleus was composed of protons and neutrons and that quantum mechanics could be applied to it, the question remained which force acted between its constituents. Heisenberg assumed it to be an exchange force, i.e., a force based on the symmetry properties of a quantum-mechanical wave function" (Brandt, The Harvest of the Century, pp. 223-224). Only a few months after Chadwick's discovery, Heisenberg used Chadwick's neutron to construct the first quantum mechanical nuclear model. The main mechanism he proposed was an exchange force produced by protons and neutrons passing electrons around like basketball players tossing a ball" (Peacock, The Quantum Revolution, 94). Heisenberg postulated that the proton and neutron were two states of the same particle, the nucleon, differing only in isospin. In his theory, the nuclear force conserved isospin, which accounted for the similarities between protons and neutrons. Other forces, such as electromagnetism, broke isospin symmetry, which explained the nucleons' differences. Heisenberg was wrong about the nature of the proton and neutron, but was correct about the importance of isospin in the weak nuclear force. Heisenberg's theory was "quantitatively insufficient to explain nuclear forces. [and] the riddle of nuclear forces stayed a subject of research for decades to come. The lasting value of Heisenberg's approach lies in the revelation of inner symmetries of elementary particles and of quantum numbers associated with these symmetries. The discovery of further symmetries of this type would lead first to a classification of particles and then to an understanding of the forces between them" (Brandt, 226). CONDITION & DETAILS: In: Zeitschrift für Physik 77 (1932), 78 (1932), 80 (1933). Berlin: Julius Springer. 8vo. (9 x 6.5; 225 x 163mm). Three full volumes. The books bear the stamp (on ffp) of Friedrich Hermann Hund, a physicist well-known for his work on atoms and molecules. Friedrich Hermann Hund "was a German physicist from Karlsruhe known for his work on atoms and molecules. Hund worked with such prestigious physicists as Schrödinger, Dirac, Heisenberg, Max Born, and Walter Bothe. He published more than 250 papers and essays in total. Hund made pivotal contributions to quantum theory - especially concerning the structure of the atom and of molecular spectra" (Wikipedia). The set is also ex-libris with very, very slight 'ghosting' from the removal of spine labels. Small stamp appears on the rear of the title pages. Bound in black cloth over marbled paper hardboard. Very slightly rubbed at the edges. Tightly bound and very clean. The interior is clean and bright. Very good + condition. Bookseller Inventory # 11

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Published by Julius Springer, Berlin (1926)

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From: Milestones of Science Books (Ritterhude, Germany)

**Item Description: **Julius Springer, Berlin, 1926. Soft cover. Book Condition: Very Good. 1st Edition. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. Offprint from: Mathematische Annalen, Vol. 95, Nr. 5. Berlin: Julius Springer, 1926, pp. 683-705. Bound without wrapper; titel page torn at inner margin. Bookseller Inventory # 001727

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