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Annonces: An inquiry into the causes and: JENNER ) ;

About this Item: Genève, de l'impr. de la Bibliothèque Britannique, 1798, 1798. Couverture rigide. Condition: Bon. Edition originale. Genève, impr. de la Bibliothèque Britannique, 1798 ; 1 vol. in-8 (197 x 122 mm), 400 pp., demi-basane de l'époque, dos lisse, reliure frottée, pièces de titre et de tomaison manquantes, tranches jaspées ; les 4 tableaux dépliants normalement présents dans ce volume ("tableaux des observations météorologiques") n'ont pas été reliés dans notre exemplaire ; reliure solide et intérieur en très bon état. Édition originale rare de ce volume de la Bibliothèque Britannique, particulièrement précieux. L'ouvrage fondamental de Jenner ("The Inquiry"), annonçant sa découverte fondamentale, avait été publié en juin 1898, à compte d'auteur. Ce tome de la Bibliothèque Britannique, paru la même année, comporte la première annonce de cette découverte en Europe (pp. 195-196), aucun commentaire n'ayant encore paru dans les journaux anglais. De plus, on y trouve la première traduction française, partielle mais presque complète, de cet ouvrage de Jenner (pp. 258-284 et 367-399) : "à la fin de l¿année 1798 ¿peu de mois après sa parution- le Dr Odier publie en français une traduction presque intégrale de l'ouvrage de Jenner dans un curieux journal, la Bibliothèque Britannique" (Hauduroy, Microbes, pp. 58-59). It is THE FIRST ANNOUNCEMENT OF JENNERS DISCOVERY IN EUROPE with, FOR THE FIRST TIME AN ALMOST COMPLETE FRENCH TRANSLATION OF JENNER'S INQUIRY. Jenner expose comment il découvrit que le "cow-pox" de la vache (vaccine), qui se présente sous forme de pustules au niveau du pis, et qui se transmet souvent aux fermiers, protège contre l'infection par la variole. Il découvrit ainsi qu'une maladie atténuée était capable de créer un état de résistance à une affection plus grave (protection vaccinale). Ceci fait de lui le fondateur de l'immunologie. La Bibliothèque Britannique, périodique francophone destiné à faire connaître les innovations anglaises à travers des traductions commentées, avait été créée à Genève en 1796 par les frères Pictet, Odier et trois autres membres : "Odier, with Marc-Auguste Pictet (1752-1825), who also knew England well, his brother, Charles Pictet de Rochement (1755-1824), and three others, founded the Bibliothèque Britannique in which a translation of Jenner's Inquiry, brought from England by Pictet, was published with notes by Odier" (Meynell, The impact of smallpox vaccination on France). Jannetta (The Vaccinators, p. 36) apporte des précisions : "The Bibliothèque Britannique, a relatively new monthly publication founded in Geneva in 1796, made current English-language literature available to the French-reading public of Europe. Marc-Auguste Pictet, a professor at the University of Geneva, was in London in September 1798 to collect material for the next issue, and he returned to Geneva with a copy of Jenner's Inquiry. The first announcement of Jenner's discovery in Europe appeared in the October issue of the Bibliothèque Britannique. Bibliothèque Britannique became a virtual propaganda sheet for vaccination in Napoleon's expanding French Empire and in France itself. The November and December issues carried an almost complete French translation of Jenner's inquiry. Dr Louis Odier, the translator, was a physician and native of Geneva who had been educated at the University of Edinburgh". L'ouvrage de Jenner, ramené d'Angleterre par M.A. Pictet, fut ainsi confié à Louis Odier (1748-1817), rédacteur médical de la revue (dans laquelle il signait "O." ). Odier s'était déjà beaucoup intéressé aux ravages de la variole et à la variolisation, et devint un important acteur dans la diffusion de la vaccination. Il ajouta ainsi des commentaires à cette traduction française. Cette publication eut un retentissement considérable dans toute l'Europe, comme le note Bercé (Le chaudron et la lancette, pp. 16-20) : "Les extraits publiés par Odier valurent immédiatement à Jenner une avalanche de lettres de tous les horizons, lui demandant l'envoi d'un peu de sa précieuse liqueur". © S.A.S. Jean-Pierre Aubert, 2015. Seller Inventory # 15970-11

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About this Item: A Geneve, Biblioth. Britannique, 1798. 8vo. Contemp. marbled boards. Paperlabel with handwritten volume- title on spine. Boards rubbed. In: "Bibliotheque Britannique", Tome nieuvieme. Sciences et Arts. Lower right corner of title-page torn away, only loss of paper, no loss of letters. Entire volume offered. 400 pp., 4 folded tables. A brownspot on foot of p. 3, and a wormtract in margins of some of the first leaves, otherwise internally clean and fine, printed on good paper. Jenner's paper: pp. 258-284 and pp. 367-399. First French version, and the first translation at all of this important work in the history of medicine, being the foundation of all subsequent work in immunology and virology. Published the same year as the English original."On the basis of an old country tradition that milkmaids who had contracted cowpox were not susceptible to smallpox, Jenner, an English country physician, decided to experiment by injecting cowpox-infected lymph into a local boy. After inoculation the boy was found to be immune to smallpox and Jenner continued his experiments. In 1798 he published the present epochal work, the results of a long and successful series of case histories. By 1803 his work had been translated into numerous languages and his method of immunization was taken up with amazing speed, becoming almost universally adopted. Garrison has called Jenner's work "one of the greatest triumphs in the history of medicine" (Fielding H. Garrison, An introduction to the history of medicine).Heirs of Hippocrates: 1086. - Garrison & Morton 5423; Osler 1251; Waller 5136; Wellcome III, p. 351 - PMM, 250. - Dibner, 127. - Milestones of Science, 112. - Hiorblit, 56. (all for the first edition in English). Seller Inventory # 50605

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An Inquiry into the Causes and Effects: JENNER, Edward (1749-1823).

JENNER, Edward (1749-1823).

Published by Printed for the author by Sampson Low, 1798., London: (1798)

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From: Jeff Weber Rare Books, ABAA (Carlsbad, CA, U.S.A.)

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About this Item: Printed for the author by Sampson Low, 1798., London:, 1798. 4to. iv, 75 pp. 4 plates printed in red and finished by hand, the first plate drawn and engraved by William Skelton, the other three plates by Skelton after Edward Pearce; lacks half-title (as usual), light foxing. Later nineteenth-century style full gilt-stamped straight-grained morocco, new black morocco gilt labels. New quarter maroon morocco drop-back box, spine labels. Fine. RARE. FIRST EDITION. As a country doctor, Jenner found that farmers and dairymaids who had developed sores as a result of infection with cowpox seemed to be immune to smallpox. He postulated that the prior exposure to cowpox and subsequent immunity to both diseases indicated that the two diseases were related. In order to test his hypothesis, Jenner used matter from the pustule of a dairymaid's cowpox sore (Case XVI) to inoculate a small boy (Case XVII) and induce cowpox artificially. To test his theory of immunization, Jenner later infected the same boy with variolous (smallpox) matter. When the boy didn't develop smallpox, Jenner's theory was proven by challenge, a test which would be considered highly dangerous today. ?Jenner was the first to test experimentally the folk belief that cowpox conferred immunity to its deadly relative smallpox, and the first to transmit the cowpox virus from person to person in order to build a population immune to smallpox. 'His confidence was vindicated at last when the World Health Organization announced in 1980 that small pox had been eradicated from all countries by intensive vaccination campaigns' [LeFanu], making it the first disease to be eliminated by man. Jenner's use of the tern 'virus' to describe the pathogenic exudates from cowpox and smallpox pustules was a first step toward further specialization of the word. He was also the first to describe anaphylaxis, thus providing a foundation for the study of allergy.? [Norman]. ?Jenner established the fact that a 'vaccination' or inoculation with vaccinia (cowpox) lymph matter protects against smallpox… The above work, describing 23 successful vaccinations, announced to the world one of the greatest triumphs in the history of medicine. Jennerian vaccination soon superseded the protective inoculation of material from human cases of smallpox, which had previously been in vogue.? [Garrison & Morton]. Blake/NLM p. 235; Dibner 127; Garrison, History of Medicine, pp. 372-5; Garrison & Morton 5423; Grolier, One Hundred Books Famous in Medicine, 53; Heirs of Hippocrates 1086; Horblit 56; LeFanu, A bibliography of Edward Jenner, 2nd ed., 25[22]; Norman 1162; Osler 1251; Printing and the Mind of Man 250; Waller 5140; Wellcome III, p. 351. Seller Inventory # M10465

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