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About this Item: Nouvelle édition, revüe et corrigé, avec des changemens considérables donnés par l'Auteur. Tome Premier - Troisieme. A Geneve, Chez Barrillot & Fils 1749. 8:o. (4),XXIV,356; (4),XVI,358; (4),XII,442 pp. Contemporary full calf, spine gilt in compartments. Marbled endpapers and edges. Some rubbing to boards. Volume 2 with watersoiling in upper margin from the beginning to page 70. Small loss at head of spine on volume 1 and small loss at head and tail of spine on volume 3. Volume 1 with signature E. V. Nordling 1854 on ffep. Signature Rolf Karlsson 1965 in pencil on verso of ffep and signature W. V. Knorring on verso of the title-page in all three volumes. 19,5 x 13. 3 volumes.*First edition published in 1748 by the same publisher.[#\132027]. Seller Inventory # 132027

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About this Item: Geneve Chez Barillot, & Fills, 1748. "One of the Most Remarkable Works of the Eighteenth Century" [MONTESQUIEU, Charles de Secondat, Baron de]. De l'Esprit des Loix, ou Du rapport que les loix doivent avoir avec la constitution de chaque gouvernement, les moeurs, le climat, la religion, le commerce, &c. à quoi l'auteur a ajouté. Des recherches nouvelles sur les loix Romaines touchant les Successions, sur les Loix Françoises, & sur les Loix féodales. Geneve: Chez Barillot, & Fils [i.e., Paris: Prault], [n.d., 1748]. Second edition, first issue, (same year as first edition, 1748) with "Barillot" spelled with one "r" on title and with the errata leaf at the end of Volume I. Two quarto volumes. [8], xxiv, 522, [1, errata], [1, blank]; [4], xvi, 564 pp. Contemporary calf, expertly rebacked with original spines laid down, corners and ends of spine renewed. Spines decoratively tooled in gilt in compartments with raised bands and brown and red morocco labels. Gilt board edges, marbled endpapers. All edges stained red. Joints starting. Bookplates. Contemporary ink inscriptions o n titles and front fly-leaves. Occasional light marginal spotting. Still a v e r y good copy of this important work. In 1743, Montesquieu began work on De l'Esprit des Loix, "one of the most remarkable works of the eighteenth century.It took four years to write, and when it was finished almost all his friends advised him not to publish it. Montesquieu paid no attention and it was printed in Geneva in the autumn of 1748. It consists of six main sections, the first dealing with law in general and different forms of government, and the second with the means of government, military matters, taxation and s o on. The third deals with national character and the effect on it of climate; a subject of peculiar originality and the one most discussed at the time. The fourth and fifth deal with economic matters and religion; the last is an appendix on law—Roman, feudal and modern French. The most distinctive aspect of this immense syllabus is its moderation: a quality not designed to achieve official approval in 1748. It is an always original survey which is neither doctrinaire, visionary, eccentric, nor over-systematic.The scheme that emerges of a liberal benevolent monarchy limited by safeguards on individual liberty was to prove immensely influential.his theories underlay the thinking which led up to the American and French revolutions, and the United States Constitution in particular is a lasting tribute to the principles he advocated" (Printing and the Mind of Man). Kress 4920. Tchemerzine VIII, p. 460. Printing and the Mind of Man 197 (first edition). HBS 66821 $3,000. Seller Inventory # 66821

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About this Item: Genf, Barrillot & Fils, 1749., 1749. 2 Bll., XXIV, 356 S. / 2 Bll., XVI, 358 S. / 2 Bll., XII, 442 S., 1 w. Bl. (Titelblätter mit Vignette und in Rot-Schwarz gedruckt). Braune Ganzlederbände der Zeit mit reicher Rückengoldprägung. Seltene und relevante Ausgabe (ein Jahr nach der Erstausgabe, im selben Verlag) dieses „Klassikers politischen Denkens", vom Autor verbessert und vermehrt. - Das staatsrechtliche Hauptwerk des 18. Jahrhunderts, von eminenter Bedeutung für die Fortentwicklung und Ausbildung der Rechtsstaatstheorie in allen Kulturstaaten. „Montesquieu, der Vater aller modernen Ideen", „Wegbereiter eines neuen Menschenbilds". Laut Durkheim der Begründer der politischen Soziologie, der „Vater des Liberalismus". Die Keimzelle des modernen Rechtsstaates. Das bedeutendste staatsphilosophische Werk der Neuzeit. Der Ruhm des Hauptwerks beruht bis heute vor allem auf der sogenannten Lehre von der Gewaltenteilung: Exekutive, Judikative und Legislative („Checks and Balances"). Ein Buch, das die Welt veränderte (Carter-Muir). - Die führenden Geister der Zeit fanden ihre Forderungen hier (im „Geist der Gesetze") in vollkommener Weise ausgesprochen. In einem Staate, das heißt in einer Gesellschaft, wo das Gesetz gilt, kann die Freiheit nur darin bestehen, das tun zu können, was die Gesetze erlauben, und nicht gezwungen sein, das zu tun, was man nicht wollen soll. So wird Montesquieu zum größten und tiefsten idealpolitischen Führer des bürgerlichen Liberalismus (G. Holstein). - Hatte dieses größte Werk des französischen Staatsphilosophen auch manche zeitgenössische Kritik erfahren, galt doch von ihm das Wort Voltaires: „Die Menschheit hatte ihren Rechtsanspruch auf Freiheit verloren und Montesquieu hat ihn ihr zurückerobert". Darüber hinaus konnte Faguet mit Recht von Montesquieu sagen: „Alle großen modernen Ideen haben ihren Ursprung bei Montesquieu". - Zusammen mit Rousseaus „Gesellschaftsvertrag" („Du contract social") kann der „Geist der Gesetze" („De l’Esprit des Loix") als ein Wegbereiter moderner Demokratie und Demokratietheorie gelten. - Dazu (als kostenlose Beigabe): Montesquieu, Charles-Louis de Secondat, Vom Geist der Gesetze. Übersetzung von Kurt Weigand. Stuttgart, Reclam, (1965). 442 S. Orig.-Kart. – Literatur: H. Maier u. a. (Hrsg.), Klassiker des politischen Denkens I, S. 45-57 (B. Falk). G. Engelmann, Meisterwerke der Staatsphilosophie S. 149-168. B. Willms, Die politischen Ideen von Hobbs bis Ho Tschi Minh S. 44f. K. Vorländer, Von Macchiavelli bis Lenin S. 95 ff. Carter-Muir, Bücher die die Welt verändern (PMM) 197. F. J. Raddatz (Hrsg.) ZEIT-Bibliothek der 100 Sachbücher S. 88-94 (H. Gallas). KLL 7, 2460 f. (Kaufmann/Henschen). Handbuch der Philosophie IV: Staat und Geschichte (Staatsphilosophie v. G. Holstein u. K. Larenz). Gumplowicz, Rechtsstaat u. Socialismus und Geschichte der Staatstheorien). - Einbandrücken der Orig.-Ausgabe leicht berieben. St. auf Vorsatz. – Auf Wunsch senden wir Ihnen gerne Fotos zu (JPG). Seller Inventory # 6406

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About this Item: Geneve, Barrillot (sic!) & Fils, [1748]. 4to. Two lovely contemporary uniform full calf bindings with richly gilt spines, gilt title- and tome-labels and single gilt line-borders to boards. Edges of boards blindtooled. Very neatly restored at hinges and corners, barely noticeable. 19th century book-plate ("FAMA") to inside if front boards. Old handwritten notes in ink to front free end-papers. Some leaves evenly browned, as usual. Vol. I with contemporary owner's inscription "B. Heiman/ 1756/ S. st." to verso of title-page. Light inkspotting to half-title and occasional light brownspotting. Vol. II with very small owner's name to verso of front free end-paper: "Mr. Gustavo Horta" and with a worm tract. The worm tract is mostly very small and only in the very top corner of the upper blank margin or as a tiny hole in the inner blank margin towards the hinge. From pp. 493 to 544, the worm tract is larger, but still situated in the blank margin (outer) and far from affecting text at any point. With both half-titles, preface (vol. 1), and tables of contents. No errata at the end of volume one, and no folded map. Woodcut printer's devices to title-pages. (8), XXIV, 522; (4), XVI, 564 pp. The very rare first edition, first issue of Montesquieu's seminal main work, "[i]n many ways one of the most remarkable works of the eighteenth century" (PMM 197), in which the author presents his theory of constitutional monarchy, advocating constitutionalism and the separation of powers, and explains human laws and social institutions. The very first printing, i.e. the first edition, first issue, of the present work is of the utmost scarcity. Numerous editions and issues of the work were printed in the months following the first appearance. The present copy has the first issue pointers (the two "r"s in "Barrillot" on the title-page, no errata). It does not have a folding map, as mentioned by Brunet, but whether this is actually supposed to be present or not in the first printing, has not been established - some bibliographers say that it should not be there.Montesquieu began writing this his magnum opus in 1743, by the end of which year he had almost finished the first draft of it. The same year he began the first of two great revisions of it, which he finished in 1746. In 1747 he finished his second revision, adding several new chapters, and chose J. Barrillot from Geneva to publish the work, which finally appeared for the first time in November 1748, in two quarto volumes, with no mention of author or year. Numerous editions and issues appeared the following months and years, and by 1751 22 editions of the work had appeared. Already in 1750 the work was published in English, the English editions amounting to 10 by 1773, and by 1801 the work had appeared in both German (1789), Dutch, Danish, Polish, Italian, and Russian (1801). The work exercised the greatest of influence, both negative and positive, and numerous anti-Montesquieu-pamphlets and articles appeared during the last half of the 18th century. Because of the work, Montesquieu was also attacked by the Sorbonne, as well as in the general assembly of the French clergy, and in Rome. In 1751 the work was placed on the Index.As the number of editions, translations etc. bears witness to, the work provided the greatest of impact on 18th century political thought as well as actual politics and law. In fact, few other works can be claimed to possess the same power of influence as this one, directly affecting the likes of Tocqueville and Catherine the Great. Although Montesquieu had to defend himself against great thinkers like Voltaire, "his theories underlay the thinking which led up to the American and French revolutions, and the United States Constitution in particular is a lasting tribute to the principles he advocated." (PMM 197). "Montesquieu was one of the great political philosophers of the Enlightenment. Insatiably curious and mordantly funny, he constructed a naturalistic account of the. Seller Inventory # 54277

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