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Le Jardin du Roy Tres Chrestien Loys: VALLET, Pierre (ca

VALLET, Pierre (ca 1575-1657).

Published by Paris: Pierre Mariette, 1623. (1623)

Used Hardcover

Quantity Available: 1

From: Arader Galleries - Aradernyc (New York, NY, U.S.A.)

Seller Rating: 5-star rating

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Item Description: Paris: Pierre Mariette, 1623., 1623. Folio (13 2/8 x 9 inches). Etched architectural title-page with figures of Clusius and de L'Obel flanking a view of a formal garden with glass-houses beyond, engraved portrait of Vallet (lacks portrait of Robin) and 90 etched and engraved plates (upper right blank corner of most plates with discreet early repair). 19th-century vellum with gilt lettered red morocco lettering-piece on the spine. Second edition, with 17 additional engraved plates. According to Blunt this is the first important florilegium and "a work of great beauty." At the beginning of the 17th century Marie de' Medici's great passion for flowers and plants set the fashion for floral themes at the French court. Le Jardin du Roi is Pierre Vallet's hommage to the queen, executed in part to provide patterns for embroideries, and in part to document some of the exotic species bought back from Spain and the islands off the coast of Guinea by Jean Robin the younger. Vallet, born in Orlains about 1575, moved to Paris where he worked as an engraver. He was appointed to the court of Henri IV as brodeur ordinaire de Sa Majestee and, later, vallet de chambre du roy. As engraver he produced illustrations for 'Touffe de Fleurs' (1601), 'Aventures amoureuses de Thaeagaene et Chariclée' (1613) and 'La Symbole de Nices' (1642). In Paris he met Jean Robin, who directed the Royal Gardens of the Louvre for Henri III, Henri IV and Louis XIII. Tournefort refers to Robin as the most celebrated botanist of his time and Linnaeus named the locust tree (Robinia) after him. Vallet and Robin collaborated on several works, such as 'Catalogus Stirpium.quae Lutetiae coluntur' (1601) and 'Histoire des Plantes aromatiques' (1619), but their masterpiece is certainly 'Le Jardin du Roy'. The plates are all etched but most also include engraved highlights. Their naturalism, which set new standards for natural history illustration, together with the novel form of the title ensured that the work met with considerable success, so much so that it was widely copied and adapted: some of Vallet's plates were directly copied by Johann Theodor de Bry in 'Florilegium Novum' (1611), by Emanuel Sweert in 1612 and by Friderico Barbette in 'Florilegium Novum' (1641). Marie de Medici (1573-1642), daughter of the Grand Duke Francis I of Tuscany and the Archduchess Joan of Austria, married Henry IV of France in 1600. In 1610 Marie was crowned Queen of France and appointed regent, with a council of fifteen, while her husband prepared for war with Germany and Spain. A day after her coronation Henri IV was assassinated, and so Marie's regency on behalf of her young son Louis XIII, began in earnest. With the support of Rhichelieu she established her household at Blois. Marie's regency was marked by opulence: the construction and furnishing of the Palais du Luxembourg, which she referred to as her "Palais Médicis", formed her major artistic project during her regency. The site was purchased in 1612 and construction began in 1615, to designs of Salomon de Brosse. Her court painter was Peter Paul Rubens. Her physician in Italy was Elijah Montalto. And, by a constant struggle for power between the Catholics and Protestant factions. "After 1617, Maria de' Medici lived, with many vicissitudes, a life full of intrigue, which she sometimes carried to conspiracy. Escaping from Blois, 22 Feb., 1619, she made her way into Angoulême and obtained from Luynes the government of Anjou, which became a rallying-point for malcontents. The troops who supported her met those of the king at Les Ponts de Cé and were beaten (August, 1620). On the death of Luynes (15 December, 1621), she regained some of her influence; she caused Richelieu to be admitted to the council (1624), and was even entrusted with the regency during the war in Italy. But as Richelieu's hostility to Spain became more marked, she sought his dismissal. Allying herself with Gaston d'Orléans, she once "the Day of the Dupes", 12 November, 1630 thought herself successful. Bookseller Inventory # 000381

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